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Transcript of Industrial Engineering
These prices were generally below the production capacity of the individual and of course, the workers had to work longer hours for wages that, despite everything, was insufficient to maintain minimum subsistence conditions.
With the coming of the Industrial Revolution, the craftsmanship is replaced by machines driven by water power, wind or animals, being also much human effort required to perform all activities of manufacturing.
As a start of some people who were interested in improving labor and other elements of the production process begins the work of Industrial Engineering. History Beginnings The first of all pioneers was Sir Richard Arkwright (1732-1792) in England who invented the mechanical spinning wheel. He also created and established which probably was the first system of administrative control for regulate the production and the work of employees of the factories.
Frederick W. Taylor who came to know him as the father of scientific management in 1911 when he published his latest book, "The Principles of Scientific Management", created what he called the formula for maximum production in stating that: "the maximum production is obtained when a worker is assigned a definite task to perform it in a particular time and in a defined "although this concept has changed remains an important part of industrial engineering. Frank Gilbreth and Lillian Gilbreth contributed to Taylor's idea to create the method "therbligs" (Gilbreth spelled backwards), which identified and isolated 18 basic movements that are performed in almost all human activities, each of these movements or therbligs should be achieved within a defined range of time. Henri Fayol and Harrington Emerson defender efficient operations and payment of prizes to the increase of production and Henry Ford, the father of modern assembly lines used in mass production or production in series. James Watt and Matthew Robinson Boulton Jr., established the first factory manufacturing complete machines in the world. Following the example of his parents, planned and built a manufacturing facility built that was far ahead of his time. Among other things, instituted a cost control system designed to reduce waste and improve productivity. Terminology Engineering Engineering is the body of knowledge and applied scientific techniques to the creation, improvement and implementation of structures (both physical and theoretical) for the resolution of problems affecting the daily activities of the society. Industry Industry is the set of processes and activities whose purpose is transform raw materials into finished products. Industrial Engineering Pionners Why I decided Study Industrial Engineering? Conclusion When I was at School... ... Passed through my mind many careers Why I inclined to that career? Despite reading and listening to these comments, I don’t regret majoring on the career I chose. I feel so grateful for the existence of this career due to the fact that is the only one that combines all the qualities I believe I possess, such as organization, creativity and optimization. Thanks for your attention!!! Maria I. Reyes D.
2010-5604 Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the development, improvement, implementation and evaluation of integrated systems of people, money, knowledge, information, equipment, energy, materials and processes. It also deals with designing new prototypes to save money and make them better. Architecture My first choice was architecture, but then I thought it's a career in which dawns much making models and drawings and I like too much sleep, hence I discarded this. Dentist I liked the idea of becoming a dentist, but then I realized that blood wasn't what I liked best Finally I decided to study Industrial Engineering, because when I was in the fourth grade of high school my sister graduated from this career and I saw what she did, that liked me a lot, when I investigating more about the career I realized that I could work in any area. Industrial Engineering Industrial engineering is about choices. Other engineering disciplines apply skills to very specific areas. The Industrial Engineering gives practitioners the opportunity to work in a variety of businesses.
Many practitioners say that an industrial engineering education offers the best of both worlds: an education in both engineering and business.
The most distinctive aspect of industrial engineering is the flexibility it offers. Whether streamlining an operating room, distributing products worldwide, or manufacturing superior automobiles, these challenges share the common goal of saving companies' money and increasing efficiencies. Industrial Engineering is a discipline of great diversity, its techniques are applicable to any organization that integrates human resources, materials, money, information and equipment, consists in designing systems that ensure the efficiency of the proposed process.
To successfully achieve any goal is desirable to design a plan and a process that allows us to reach the goal. This area aims to develop in students the ability to design, organize, control, execute and diagnose any kind of process to successfully achieve the stated objective. Processes: Manufacturing
Systems: Directly address the formation of materials, cutting, shaping, planning, etc. It focuses on the integration of the manufacturing process, usually through computer control and communications. Ergonomics Deals with the human equation, examines the cognitive aspects of human beings. Quality and Manufacturing Improving productivity of production systems of goods and services. The most Important Of Industrial Engineering In these days, I saw a few Internet forums saying that Industrial Engineering was the easiest of all the Engineering branches, thing that bothered me a lot because people, unfortunately, always go for the generalities and they base their thoughts in the fact that we can work in many different areas.
Apparently people who have this concept of the career do not know the struggle an industrial engineer has to go through with their schedules. People say that knowing too much of everything, at the end we know nothing. But if we think about it, when we study a career we don't know anything in particular, we need to continue getting ready to specialize like in all the other careers. The place where you actually learn at the end is in your job or in your working area. And this doesn’t only happen with Industrial Engineering, but, in every other career.