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# Informational Text Structure

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by

## Amy Edmonds-Frost M.S.

on 8 December 2015

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#### Transcript of Informational Text Structure

Informational Text Structure
Sequence
The author lists items or events in numerical or sequence, either explicit or implied.
Cause and Effect
Used to show how the facts, events, or concepts result due to other facts, events, or concepts.
Problem and Solution
The author presents a problem and one or more solutions to the problem.
Compare and Contrast
Information is presented by detailing how two or more events, concepts, theories, or things are alike and/or different.
Description
Used to describe the attribute and features of people, places, or items.
Example
Example
Example
Example
Main Idea: How to Make a Strawberry Smoothie

First, cut 10 strawberries into pieces and put them in a blender. Next, pour a 1/2 cup of milk into blender. Third, blend mixture for a few seconds. Now, put 1 tablespoon of sugar in, and blend until the mixture is very smooth. Finally, pour the mixture in a cup and add ice (optional).

http://www.wikihow.com/Make-a-Simple-Strawberry-Smoothie
One of your friends starts talking about you behind your back. You don't know why, so you confront him/her privately to resolve the issue.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_baseball_and_softball
Main Idea: Comparing and Contrasting Baseball and Softball

Softball and baseball have many differences. First of all, softball fields are smaller and made up of dirt. Baseball fields are bigger and made up mostly of grass. Softballs are about 12 in. in circumference. Baseballs are about 9 in. in circumference. Also, in softball, you pitch underhand in a circular motion. In baseball, you pitch overhand.
These sports have many similarities. They both require 9 players on the field. Some of the rules in baseball and softball are similar too. For example, slap bunting rules are the same for both but used more often in softball. They both require you to hit the ball, run around the bases to reach home plate and add a point to your score.

“It was a cold grey day in late November. The weather had changed overnight, when a backing wind brought a granite sky and a mizzling rain with it, and although it was now only a little after two o'clock in the afternoon the pallor of a winter evening seemed to have closed upon the hills, cloaking them in mist.”

http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples/descriptive-text-examples.html
Example
Main Idea: Jake gets in trouble

One day, when Jake's teacher wasn't looking, Jake decided to draw all over his desk. When his teacher realized what Jake was doing, he got in trouble and had to stay after school to clean his mess.
http://en.wikipedia.com/baseball_and_softball_compare_and_contrast
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