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Osteoporosis

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by

hadeel alraddadi

on 4 May 2014

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Transcript of Osteoporosis

Horsetail was first used by the ancient Greeks as a natural remedy. The best way to take it is as a tea.
Alfalfa:
Horsetail:
risk
factor:
Herbs and Plants for Osteoporosis:
Family:

Horsetail
(Equisetaceae)
Chemical constituents:

Health benefits:
Chemical constituents:

1-contains
silicon
, which makes it ideal for
protecting bones from calcium loss
2- 0.3–1%
flavonoids

3-
volatile oil

4-
calcium

5-
fatty acids

6-
fluorine

7-
vit B6

$1.25
tuesday, may 6, 2014
natural product
definition:
What is Osteoporosis:
Family:
Umbelliferae
Parsley:
Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones and increases the risk of sudden and unexpected fractures. Osteoporosis
literally means "porous bone".
A hallmark of the disease is an
increased loss of bone mass
and strength.
It often progresses without any
symptoms or pain.
Generally, osteoporosis is not
discovered until weakened
bones cause painful fractures
usually in the back or hips .


Chemical constituents:
1-it is high in
boron
and
fluoride
levels
help against bone thinning and osteoporosis
2- Parsley seed contains 2–7%
volatile oil
; 13–22%
fixed oil
consisting mainly of petroselinic acid
3-
flavonoids

Uses:
for treating arthritis and bone health

Osteoporosis
is a perennial flowering plant in the pea family:
Fabaceae

Chemical constituents:

1-The seeds of alfalfa are a good source of nutrients like
proteins
,
carbohydrates
,
vitamins

A, B, D, E
and
vitamin K
, which can
prevent bone loss
caused by
estrogen deficiency and vitamins C and K
.

2- minerals found in alfalfa are
calcium
,
magnesium
,
phosphorus
,
chlorine
,
sodium
,
potassium
and
silicone
.

 Osteoporosis
 Controls diabetes
 Cholesterol control:
 Good for kidneys and bladder:
 Antibacterial properties
 Gastrointestinal disorders
 Respiratory disorders
 Heals cartilage
 Anti-inflammatory properties:
3-
Saponins
(2–3%) -
Flavones and isoflavones
(
tricin
,
genistein
,
daidzein
,
biochanin
A,
formononetin
)
Dong Quai:
and is widely Chinese angelica is
commonly known as Angelica sinensis
he dried root of.uefatig for gynecological ailments.

used in Chinese traditional medicine .

Family:
Apiaceae
Genus
: Angelica
Species
: sinensis kuei-, dang gui, tangdong quai:
Common Part Used:
Whole herb


The plant's phytochemicals consist of
coumarins
,
phytosterols
,
polysaccharides
,
ferulate
, and
flavonoids



Used for:
Osteoporosis
have anti oxidant activity .

Active constituent :
Wild Yam :
The root and the bulb of the plant are part used
as a source of active constituent , which is
prepared as an “extract”.Known for easing
menstrual cramps in the 17th and 18th centuries,his wild plant is touted as a natural source of estrogen.

Sientific Name:

Dioscorea villosa, which is native to North America.
Family:

Dioscoreaceae (yams).
active constituents:
diosgenin


also known as amaranth, is a family of plants with a wide variety of wild and domesticated species that exist all over the Americas .
family :
Amaranthaceae
This plant is an easily digestible
source of calcium.

helps strengthen bones
reduce the chances of developing.
osteoporosis


Pigweed:
Active constituent :
red clover
isoflavones
have beneficial effects on bone density. Most studies of isoflavones in this area have looked at soy, which contains different amounts of isoflavones, as well as other
non-isoflavone ingredients
.

Used for:
osteoporosis
helps to replace lost estrogen in the female body.

Red Clover:
Trifolium pratense (red clover) is a species of clover, native to Europe, Western Asia and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalised in many other regions
Family :

Fabaceae


Np: Due to its activity on estrogen receptors, red clover is contraindicated in people with a history of breast cancer.
Labisia pumila:
Scientific Name(s):


Labisia pumila Benth. Hook.

Family:

Primulaceae


Active constituent :

benzoquinoid

compounds parte used the root and leaves.
alkenyl resorcinols
triterpenoid compounds



Role of Labisia pumila in Prevention of Osteoporosis:
it has been considered as an
alternative to replace estrogen for the treatment and prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis .

contraindication:
because it's contains
phytoestrogens
, it is not to be taken by
pregnant women
during periods of menstruation

Nigella sativa :
Nigella sativa Family :
Ranunculaceae

uses
:
Potential Antiosteoporotic Agent
antioxidant
antinflammatory
anticancerous
antibacterial

The seeds of Nigella sativa, which have a
pungent bitter taste
Which are the source of the active ingredient.

. According to Islam; it can cure all diseases except death

active constituents:
Nigella sativa seeds mainly contain:
thymoquinone (TQ)
dithymquinone (DTQ)
thymohydroquinone (THQ)
thymol (THY) 18







Padina pavonica :
is a brown alga of the family of :
PheophycaeaIt

grows abundantly in the Mediterranean.
Active constituent :
microcrystalline cellulose
talc
magnesium stearate
colloidal silica
glycerol distearate.

Used for :
improvement the quality of the mineral density of their bone.
Family:
N.O. Ranunculaceae
Studies have found that the plant based estrogens in black cohosh
inhibit bone loss
.
This herb was used years ago as a natural remedy by Native
Americans. It has also become very popular in European countries.


Bioactive compounds:
formononetin
activation of estrogen receptors.
( in postmenopausal women for treating osteoprosis )

triterpene glycosides
(e.g. cycloartanes) have been shown
to reduce cytokine-induced bone loss
by
blocking osteoclastogenesis,




Black Cohosh

Eurycoma longifola :
(commonly called tongkat ali or pasak bumi) .

is a flowering plant in the family:
Simaroubaceae

commonly found in Southeast Asia.

The root and bark of Eurycoma longifolia are
used for Osteoporosis
.

active constituents:
Important
glycoproteins
such as:
eurycomalacton
eurycomanone
eurycomanol



Common name:
Wild Cosmos, Ulam Raja
Botanical name:
Cosmos caudatus Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)

In Indonesian cuisine and Malay cuisine the leaves of this plant
are used for salad.
active constituents:
Ulam species are rich in
carbohydrate
,
protein
,
mineral
and
vitamin
.
C. caudatus

β-carotene

flavonoid compound








the
β-carotene
converted to
vitamin A
in the intestines it has all the functions of vitamin A such as,
growth and development.

Caudatus
is able to act as
prevention to osteoporosis
.A research has been done to determine the effectiveness of C. caudatus as
bone protective agent in postmenopausal osteoporosis
Cosmos caudatus :
Done by :
Hadeel Al-Raddadi
Ebtesam Edo
Haleemah Alsamadani
loa bakhsh
shereen alsulami
bashaier alhazmi
Full transcript