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The Catcher in the Rye

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by

Kulsoum Rizvi

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of The Catcher in the Rye

Summary
In J.D. Salinger's
The Catcher in the Rye
, Holden Caulfield, the protagonist, recounts the days following his expulsion from Pencey Prep, a private school, and his time in New York before returning home. Along the way, he travels from hotels to bars to night clubs, encountering prostitutes, nuns, and his younger sister. This classic illustrates a teenager's dramatic struggle with death, social isolation and the overall hardships of growing up.
History of Controversy
Position
J.D Salinger's,
The Catcher in the Rye,
should not be banned because it depicts a relatable situation that many adolescents experience, and contains valuable life lessons that teenagers should be exposed to.
Supports Relatability
"I sort of closed one eye, like I was taking aim at it. 'This is a people shooting hat', I said. 'I shoot people in this hat'" (Salinger 26). - Holden Caulfield

Sanford Pinsker, author of
The Catcher in the Rye: Innocence Under Pressure
, describes, "how painful it is to grow up--whether one is floating down the Mississippi or hailing a cab in midtown Manhattan".
Supports Important Life Lessons
"[not] only educated and scholarly men are able to contribute something valuable to the world...educated and scholarly men, if they're brilliant and creative to begin with- which, unfortunately, is rarely the case- tend to leave infinitely more valuable records behind" (Salinger 189). -Mr. Antolini

David Castronovo, author of the critical essay, "Holden Caulfield's Legacy", states that the novel is,"a rich brew of sentiment and idealism, a child-like faith that life contains more than pretensions and phoniness. In some ways it is more a wisdom book than a novel".
Favorite Part
The last real scene of the book describes an incident where Holden has become quite irrational and determined to head out West, however before he leaves he spends time with his little sister, Phoebe. After a fight between the two over his upcoming departure, he convinces her to ride the carousel at the park. As she rides, Holden sits on the park bench, watching her go around and around. This part really stuck out to us and captured us in an emotional way. He has struggled with depression and suicide during most of the book and he seems finally, truly happy. We really enjoyed the sentimental, raw feelings he conveyed and the closure it gives to the story.

Holden refers to himself as the "catcher in the rye" after hearing a young child singing the tune. The song, "Comin' Thro' the Rye" written by Robert Burns, actually describes a romantic encounter between two people out in the fields, however, Holden interprets the idea that he needs to catch children before they fall out of innocence into the adult world just as the girl did in the poem. This symbolizes innocence that he struggles with throughout the book and further relates to how teens struggle with their own innocence.
Works Cited
The Catcher in the Rye
Presentation created by:
Olivia Gonzales & Kulsoum Rizvi

A look into the controversy
Published in 1951, the novel became an immediate target for censorship. Complaints stemmed from the references to suicide, profanity, sexual content, and manic behavior of the protagonist, Holden.
60s and 70s
In 1960, a teacher in Tulsa, Oklahoma was fired for assigning the novel in class

The book was banned in the Issaquah, Washington, high schools in 1978 as being part of an "overall communist plot".
80s and 90s
In 1980, Mark David Chapman shot John Lennon and later gave the book to police as an explanation for why he did it

In 1981, it was the most censored book in public schools in the United States

According to the ALA,
The Catcher in the Rye
was the 10th most frequently challenged book from 1990 to 1999
2000s -Today
2002 - Removed in South Carolina as a “filthy, filthy book” and challenged in Georgia due to profanity

Still controversial and debated over today
Who is the Catcher in the Rye?
Salinger, J. D., and E. Michael Mitchell. The Catcher in the Rye. Little, Brown and, 1951. 214. Print.
"Frequently Challenged Books of the 21st Century." Frequently Challenged Books of the 21st Century. Web. 9 Mar. 2015.
"The Catcher in the Rye | Top 10 Censored Books | TIME.com." Entertainment The Hunger Games Reaches Another Milestone Top 10 Censored Books Comments. 26 Sept. 2008. Web. 9 Mar. 2015.
Baldassarro, R. Wolf. "Banned Books Awareness:." World Leading Higher Education Information and Services Banned Books Awareness The Catcher in the Rye by JD Salinger Comments. 23 Jan. 2011. Web. 9 Mar. 2015.
Reiff, Raychel Haugrud. "J.D. Salinger: The Catcher in the Rye and Other Works." Marshall Cavendish Corporation., 1 Jan. 2008. Web. 9 Mar. 2015.
Andrychuk, Sylvia. "A History of J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye" 2004. P. 6. Print.
"Literary and Historical Context." The Catcher in the Rye: Innocence Under Pressure. Sanford Pinsker. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1993. [1]. Twayne's Masterwork Studies 114. Twayne's Authors on GVRL. Web. 9 Mar. 2015.
Castronovo, David. "Holden Caulfield's Legacy." New England Review 22.2 (Spring 2001): 180-181 Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Gale, 2008. Literature Resource Center. Web. Feb. 2015.
all images are from google images for educational purposes
By: J.D. Salinger
Full transcript