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Copy of AIDS

A Prezi presentation on what is AIDS
by

Shivika Pandya

on 5 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of AIDS

Signs and Symptoms
Pnuemonia
F
Enlarged Lymph Nodes
High Fever
Seizures
a
Lack of energy/fatigue
Night sweats
Diarrhoea
HIV can be transmitted through physical contact
Prevention & Cure
Weight loss
What is AIDS ?
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the last stage of HIV infection.
The causative germ of aids is a virus called human immunodeficiency virus. It attacks the immune system and even cancer appears when the immunity of the patient fails.
It is detected in the body fluids like blood, semen, saliva, and urine(when contaminated with blood).
The incubation period may be as little as 15 months or as long as 12 years.

Transmission of AIDS
Sexual intercourse (homosexual intercourse)
Body fluids (contaminated blood transfusions)
Mother to offspring transmission
Injection needles – when needles of HIV patients is used by anyone else
Avoid sexual contact (unsafe sexual intercourse)
Mother to child transmission can be prevented by using combination of antiviral medications during pregnancy and after pregnancy by bottle feeding
Avoid using already used or infected needles (only disposable syringes should be used)
There are some treatments for HIV like anti-retro viral therapy (HAART)
Cure of aids is not yet known
Misconceptions about AIDS
HIV is the same as AIDS
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS and AIDS is the last stage of HIV infection
It is scientifically proven that aids cannot be transmitted through physical contact, food, water or air.

HIV-infected women cannot have babies
HIV-infected women are still fertile, though the risk of miscarriage is more

An infected person may continue to live normally for many years

Contracting HIV is a death sentence
AIDS
Hygiene
Health, Sanitation and Vectors

BY :

Ojasvi Pandya
Paarth Singh Dahima
Muskan Sharma
Hygiene is defined as the science and practice of maintaining good health.
It consists of two types:
Personal hygiene that is the taking of one’s own body and;
Social hygiene that is the taking care of one’s surroundings
The major aspects are-
Cleanliness
Physical Exercise
Rest and Sleep
Healthy Habits
Cleanliness
Hands and skin- We must keep our hands and skin clean by bathing and washing our hands regularly.
Hair- Hair should be cleaned by trimming it after a while and combing it everyday
Teeth- We must brush our teeth to keep them clean.
Eyes- We must wash our eyes thrice a day to keep them clean.
Ears- We should clear the wax in the ears by ear buds.


Hygiene
Physical Exercise
Physical exercise like playing sports is a must for children.
Long gentle walks are enough for the old.
The exercise should be systematic and regular.
It improves the blood circulation.


Rest and Sleep
All organs need a period of rest. This rest is obtained by sleep. Therefore sleeping is a must.
Children between the age of 6 to 12 require eight hours of sleep.
Adults require 6-7 hrs of sleep.

It is good to be early to bed and early to rise.
Proper table manners must be maintained.
There should be no consumption of tobacco, narcotics and alcohol.

Healthy Habits
Thank you
Health, Hygiene and Sanitation
Hygiene is defined as the science and practice of maintaining good health.
It requires caring of own’s body(personal hygiene and taking care of our surroundings(social hygiene).
There are four aspects of personal hygiene- cleanliness ,rest and sleep, physical exercises and healthy habits.

Cleanliness
1. Hand and skin
These must be cleaned regularly. We are continuously handling a variety of things like furniture, books ,coins, currency notes, seats supporting rods of buses and so on. All these objects may carry germs which are picked up by our finger and transferred over other parts of the body through food.
The practice of washing hands after using toilets is very important.
A daily bath keeps the skin clean and free of germs and body odour.
2) Hair should be kept clean by frequent washes and regular combing. This keeps it free from parasites like head lice.
3)Teeth should be cleaned atleast twice a day-one before going to bed and afer getting up in the morning.

Eyes
Eyes must be cleaned and washed with clear water 2-3 times a day. Trachoma and Conjunctivitis are two common diseases of the eye caused by the dust and through contamination by hands and towels. One must never share towels even in the same family. And one should also not share kajal this may cause conjunctivitis.

Ears
Eyes must be cleaned and washed with clear water 2-3 times a day. Trachoma and Conjunctivitis are two common diseases of the eye caused by the dust and through contamination by hands and towels. One must never share towels even in the same family. And one should also not share kajal this may cause conjunctivitis.


Healthy Habits
Going to bed at late hours or immideately after taking dinner is not a good habbit.
Bowels should be cleared evryday in the morning.
Tobacco should be avoided.
Taking stimulants and sedatives are spoilt habits.
Drinking alcoholic beverages is harmful to one’s body as well as to the society.

Control of disease carriers (Vectors)
Vector is any agent that acts as an intermediate carrier called pathogen.Many insects and other animals spread diseases.
Steps should be taken to control or eradicate them. Control of housflies and mosquitoes should be given maximum priority.
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