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Infancy to Preschool

Chapter 13
by

Jaime Gerads

on 21 April 2011

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Transcript of Infancy to Preschool

6 life stages Prenatal Period
Lactation
Infancy
Childhood
Adolescence
older adult we will focus on Infancy to Preschool Infant/lactation life stage from birth- 2 years Changes to the diet during lactation adding only 400 additional kcal/d to the prepregnancy diet may promote weight loss birth weight doubles by 4-6 mos birth weight triples by one year Infancy to Preschool Besides being almost identicle....the main difference in the two is that formula won't contain human antibodies and other unique immune system factors that are in breast milk. Breast Milk vs. Formula Introducing Foods *Do not introduce cow's milk until at least 1 year of age *Solid foods should be introduced around 4-6 mos of age Infant rice cereal is best to introduce first -least likely to cause allergies Introduce one fruit or vegetable at a time -wait 2-4 days before adding a new food Avoid feeding allergenic foods until 1st birthday egg whites, chocolate, nuts, cow's milk single food items such as carrots or peas are better than the mixed foods such as casseroles or commercially prepared baby food "dinners" to determine allergies. Do not feed an infant these: at least until they are older than 1 year.... Honey Excessive formula or human milk Semisolid baby cereal in a baby bottle Candy, flavored gelatin water, or soft drinks small pieces of hard or coarse foods unpasturized (raw) milk such as..... hot dogs, whole nuts, grapes, chunks of cooked meat, raw carrots, popcorn, and peanut butter. Preschool 2-5 years growth slows and appetite decreases Growth is assessed by BMI obese= BMI for age >95th percentile overweight= BMI for weight > 85th -95th percentile Snacks: Should be nutrient dense and fit into the child's overall diet Preschool children have small stomachs, so nutritious snacks can be offered at midmorning or midafternoon, when the child is likely to become hungry between meals Fostering positive eating habits: Picky eaters (avoid nagging, forcing, or bribing) Food jags (expression of independence) new foods (acceptance depends on temperature, appearance, texture, and taste) The social atmosphere can make mealtimes enjoyable or unbearable, which in turn influences a child's desire to eat Food related concerns: Iron Deficiency Anemia can lead to decresed physical stamina, learning disability, and resistance to infection. Prevention: Provide foodsthat are good sources of iron, such as lean meat and enriched breads and cereals. Dental Carries Most preschool children have had one or more dental caries by the time they enter school Prevention Brush teeth twice daily Provide routine pediatric dental care Allergies Most common...peanuts, fish, milk, eggs, soybeans, and wheat Prevention Avoid exposure to the problem food Obesity prevelance among US preschoolers is increasing dramatically Risk factors for obesity: Family history
High birth weight
sedentary lifestyle
Too much fried foods and sugar sweetened beverages Food & Nutrition tips: Foods with bright colors, crisp textures, and sweet or mild flavors usually appeal to children. When planning meals, consider including foods with these attractive characteristics As a parent, you may want to consider having the "one bite policy." According to this policy, your child should try at least one bite of each new food provided at mealtimes. If you don't like a particular food that is offered you should follow the "one bite policy" as well. Taste the item- you may discover that you like it. To stimulate your child's appetite, try serving food on a small colorful plate that is designed to appeal to young children. Keep in mind that you are your children's role model for food choices and physical activity habits. If you eat a variety of nutrient-dense foods and are physically active, your children are likely to eat such foods and be active as well. The End
Created by Jaime Gerads -won't eat a food they once loved
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