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Blood Diamonds

Economics Presentation
by

Andre Kraakman

on 16 April 2013

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Transcript of Blood Diamonds

In conclusion, we think that the mining of blood diamonds is a very important social issue and they should be stopped all around the world.

It is important for children to know about this because it gives them an idea about how lucky they are, that they don't have to live like that. Also they could go out and help increase awareness by joining Amnesty International.

Next time your parents buy a diamond make sure they buy it from a legitimate company. Human Rights
and
Blood Diamonds Their human rights Poverty and slavery The miners human rights are being denied because they are do not have the following rights:

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

The people who are benefiting from this are those who are the mine owners, the gun dealers who sell the guns and the insurgents who buy them.

The consequences for the countries that are involved in the mining of blood diamonds are that the country becomes poor because everyone is buying guns and ammo instead of food and medicine. This means people will starve and get sick so more people will die. Nearly half of the workers who mine for diamonds are children under 16.
The adults and children have no choice but to mine for diamonds.
Blood diamonds do not create wealth for the poor people who mine them.
The workers get slave wages, about a dollar a day if they get paid at all.
Some may only get a cup of rice to eat.
The workers are not much more than slaves.
They come to the diamond mines to work and make a little bit of money because there is no other place to get a job. What is being done to stop blood diamonds and who is involved In 2003 a project called the Kimberly Process (KPCS) was introduced to stop the flow of illegal diamonds. The Kimberly project works by making retailers only able to sell diamonds that have been certified by the KPCS.

A group who tries to seek human rights for the people that are mining the diamonds is Amnesty International. Amnesty International funded the movie Blood Diamond. This made more people aware of blood diamonds and that they should by diamonds from proper shops. You can donate to Amnesty International. This makes it easier for them to protect the miners human rights.

In 1980 the illegal diamond trade was estimated to be 19% of the total diamonds sold. By 2004 this had decreased to 1% where it remains today. Huge progress has been made in the past 30 years to reduce this illegal trade. Human Rights and Blood Diamonds The people that are denied their human rights are the miners who dig the diamonds out of the ground.

This means these miners live in constant fear of being killed or beaten and they live in poverty.

Basic human rights are being denied in many places in Africa. E.g. Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola and Liberia.

There is always demand for diamonds so the miners human rights are always being denied. Bibliography http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/
http://www.hrw.org/news/2010/02/04/blood-diamond
http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/issues/business-and-human-rights/oil-gas-and-mining-industries/conflict-diamonds
http://www.brilliantearth.com/conflict-diamond-facts/
http://www.hrw.org/news/2010/02/04/blood-diamond
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b013cdh0
http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2011/07/2011721857193676.html
http://www.joseph-sterling.com/conflict_free_diamonds_5_content.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Declaration_of_Human_Rights
http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/issues/business-and-human-rights/oil-gas-and-mining-industries/conflict-diamonds
2013 Rangitoto workbook Opinions on blood diamonds
"Diamonds are a unique resource, evoking beauty and eternal love. In recent years, pictures of maimed children have threatened to overwhelm these traditional positive images, when rebel groups in Africa used diamonds to finance their wars and unspeakable brutalities against civilian populations. Aroused by these conflicts, the international community mobilized to ensure people living in countries with abundant diamond deposits receive the benefits of their patrimony."
- Ambassador J.D. Bindenagel, Former U.S. Special Negotiator for Conflict Diamonds

"I wouldn't ever be keen on purchasing a diamond to be honest, I know from research that it is a very dirty trade, and that blood diamonds are just a small part of the problem. If my loved one couldn't see past that and accept another ring/gift made from equally beautiful minerals that can be reliably sourced then I'd have to question the relationship a bit."-Jonathan Tanner Conclusion Human rights Human rights were defined in 1948 by the United Nations General Assembly after the horrors of World War II.

Human rights are important because all people are entitled to have the right to life and liberty, freedom to think and speak and equality before the law.

Many people's human rights are being denied in the world.
I will be telling you about one group, the people that mine 'blood diamonds.' This is a trailer of the movie blood diamonds, this shows how the diamonds affect everybody. Blood Diamonds I will give you a brief explanation of what blood diamonds are.

Blood diamonds have many different names such as a conflict diamond, converted diamond, hot diamond, or war diamond.

These diamonds are mined in a war zone and sold to finance insurgency, an invading army's war efforts or a warlord's activity.

Blood diamonds are illegally mined diamonds.

These diamonds are sold by the rebels and the money is used to buy more weapons and bullets.
Full transcript