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Tracey Jones

on 16 September 2014

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Transcript of ANIMALS

Life Span/Illnesses - Horses:
References Continued:
Group 3 Participants:
Kelsey W
Sian M
Tracey J

Breeds/Types - Birds:
Group 3 - Assessment 2A
Food/Nutrition/Weight - Birds:
History/Purpose - Dog:
After using many different resources for our research, we were able to find a lot of details about common animals that we didn't know about. We found the information very interesting and quite useful in helping us to: learn more about certain animals, and for helping us determine if that particular animal would suit as a family pet.
There are many wonderful animals throughout the world. We researched three of those different animals by using many different websites. We chose the information sites that were credible and reliable by following Metzger's guidelines. The websites we chose proved credible and reliable because; they were validated against other websites, updated regularly, had expert opinions and numerous views and hits.
Macaws are found in central and South America.
Budgies are found in central Australia.

Labradors originated from England.
Boxers originated from Germany.

The Australian Waler was originally from New South Wales in Australia (Australian War Memorial)
The Clydesdale horse originated from Scotland (The Horse Channel, 2013).
Country of Origin:
Breeds/Types - Dogs:
History/Purpose - Horse:
Food/Nutrition/Weight - Dogs:
History/Purpose - Bird:
Food/Nutrition/Weight - Horses:
Lifespan/Illnesses - Birds:
Lifespan/Illnesses - Dogs:

Breeds/Types - Horses:
There approximately 350 different breeds of horses and ponies in the world (Weber Training Stables, 2007).

Two different breeds we shall talk about in this presentation are: The Australian Waler and the Clydesdale.
The Australian Waler Horse was used in the Battle with the Lighthorsemen in the Middle East in World
War 1. They were able to go long distances, carrying up to 130kg in weight in hot weather with minimal water; often going up to 60 hours without water (Australian War Memorial).

Some Walers are now running
wild as Brumbies in Country
Macaws are large birds and come in different colours. They are popular pets but not great for first bird owners, because they can be noisy and even throw temper tantrums! Macaws can be taught how to talk, but need a lot of time and patience. They're not very good with kids because big beaks means big bites!
Budgerigars are a better first pet. They are easy to handle and train when they're young. They come in lots of colours. Boy budgies have a blue bit of skin around their nostrils (called a cere), and the girls are light blue, or brown when breeding.
Macaws live for around 50 years on average, but can range from 30-80 years.
Budgies live for 10-15 years, but can live up to 20 years. They are prone to cancer, internal tumours, scaly face mite, bumblefoot (as shown below), overgrown beaks and psittacosis.
According to all-pet-birds.com, half of birds diets is made of grains, 45% of fruits and vegetables, and 5% of dairy and meat. Cuttlefish is a good source of calcium for budgies (1%).
Budgies weigh around 28 grams, Macaws can weigh between 900-1200 grams.
Foods to Avoid!
Alcohol, Avocado, Caffeine, Chocolate, Fruit pits (and the flesh around them), Rhubarb.
Macaws were introduced into Europe around 500 years ago, and have since spread into other countries too. They are only found wild in Central and South America.
"Budgerigar" is Aboriginal for "good to eat". In Australia, wild budgies are normally found as green with a yellow head so that they
blend in with the leaves of their habitat.



Amanda Smith. Degel Labradors, History of the labrador. (2014) Available at : http://degellabradors.com/history-of-the-labrador.asp (Accessed 10/9/14)



Boxer, Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boxer_(dog) (Accessed 13/9/14)


Dog Breed Info Centre. Available at: http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/boxer.htm (Accessed 13/9/14)

Dog Breed Info Centre. Labrador Retriever. (2014) Available at: http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/labrador.htm (Accessed 13/9/14)

Dog time, Boxer (2012) http://dogtime.com/dog-breeds/boxer (Accessed 12/9/14)




Keeping a Budgerigar. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.petalia.com.au/Templates/StoryTemplate_Process.cfm?Story_No=113. [Last Accessed 15/09/2014].

Labrador Retriever, Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labrador_Retriever (Accessed 13/9/14)
Labradors are big, loving, can be common household pets or trained guide dogs for disabled people. Labradors can be either golden (a sandy yellow colour), or chocolate (dark brown). They are very active and playful, and are described as one of the most kind and gentle natured breed of dogs. (Labrador Retriever, Wikipedia, 2014)
Boxers are very playful and energetic. They come in two colours: fawn- light tan or yellow, or brindle- brown and black. There are also white boxers, but they're more rare. Although friendly dogs, boxers can be very active and need to be trained especially when around children.
The life expectancy for a Labrador is 10 to 12 years. (Dog Breed Info.com, 2013) It is a typically healthy breed with few health or well-being issues. Obesity is a problem if they're not exercised enough based on the amount of food they eat.
The general life expectancy of a boxer is between 11-14 years. Boxers are prone to health issues such as cancers, heart conditions, epilepsy, and arthritis. They can also suffer from back and knee problems and skin or other allergies.
According to the labradorsite.com, a Labrador diet mainly consists of dry kibble (dog food), or raw meat and bones, and it is recommended that they be fed every three-four hours. Male Labradors usually weigh somewhere between 27-34 kg, and females usually somewhere between 25-32 kg.

Boxers also have a diet of dry food and bones. They should be fed twice a day. According to dogbreedinfo.com, Male boxers weigh around 27-32kg, and females somewhere between 24-29kg, however the weight is dependent on height.

During the 1800’s Labradors were used as fishing and hunting dogs. (Degellabradors, 2014) They quickly became popular once their playful and friendly side was discovered. Today they're rarely used for hunting, and instead used for companionship, guide dogs and police dogs.
Boxers were developed in Germany in the 19th century and used for dog fighting, cart pulling and as cattle dogs. They are known for the way they uses their front legs to bat at their opponent, hence the name 'boxer'. (Dog Breed Info.com, 2014) They can be used as watchdogs, police dogs, search and rescue, or for companionship.
A horse usually weighs around 400 - 1000kg. Dependent upon the size and breed of the horse.
The heaviest horse recorded weighed 1524kg.

Billy's taxidermied head on display in Bedford Museum was the longest-lived horse on record.

Wikipedia. (2014). Old Billy. Retrieved 14 September, 2014
from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Billy
The average lifespan of a horse is approximately 25 - 30 years (Wikipedia, Clydesdale Horse, 2014).
Although the oldest living horse "Old Billy" reached the amazing age of 62 years when he died (Wikipedia, Old Billy, 2014).

The Waler: Said to be disease free.

Although typical horse illnesses are: Colic,
bots, lameness, founder/laminitis, influenza,
ringworm, distemper/strangles and tetanus to name a few
(Nicker Town, 2014).

Weber Training Stables. (2007). Specializing in Diversity. Retrieved 14 September, 2014 from
Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 14 September, 2014 from https://www.awm.gov.au/encyclopedia/horses/
Nicker Town. (2014). Retrieved 14 September, 2014 from
Wikipedia. (2014). Clydesdale Horse. Retrieved 14 September, 2014 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horse
Commonwealth Clydesdale Horse Society. (2013). Retrieved 14 September, 2014 from
Horse Channel.Com. (2013) Retrieved 14 September, 2014 from http://www.horsechannel.com/horse-breeds/profiles/clydesdale-horse-horse-breed.aspx
Some of the most common illnesses are:

Clydesdale: Irritating skin condition called 'itch'
and a sunburn around the muzzle and eyes
because of the light coloured skin
(Commonwealth Clydesdale Horse Society, 2013).

Horses eat grass and hay, but they also can eat in smaller amounts: lucerne, oats, grains, corn, carrots, apples and sugar cubes as a treat.
The large Clydesdale was used to pull carts, wagons, logs and ploughs for a living. They are used now for harness driving, pulling farm ploughs, pulling the CUB (Carlton United Breweries) wagon, showing and riding (Commonwealth Clydesdale Horse Society, 2013).
Dreamstime. (2014) Retrieved 15 September, 2014 from http://www.dreamstime.com/photos
http://www.dreamstime.com/photos (2014)
http://www.dreamstime.com/photos (2014)
http://www.dreamstime.com/photos (2014)
http://www.dreamstime.com/photos (2014
Lianne McLeod, DVM (). Macaws. [ONLINE] Available at:
http://exoticpets.about.com/od/macaws/p/macaws.htm. [Last Accessed 15/09/2014].
The Labrador site, Diet and exercise for Labradors http://www.thelabradorsite.com/diet-and-exercise-for-labradors/ (Accessed 12/9/14)
By using these sources, we have been able to provide you with a summary on
birds, dogs and horses.
Full transcript