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The First and Second Steps in Essay Writing

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by

John Hsiao

on 19 August 2013

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Transcript of The First and Second Steps in Essay Writing

Writing Process
Steps in the Writing Process:
1) Discovering a thesis - often through
pre-writing
.

2) Developing solid support for the thesis-often through more pre-writing.

3) Organizing the thesis and supporting material and writing it out in a
first draft
.

4)
Revising
and then
editing
carefully to ensure an effective, error-free essay.
Order in the Writing Process:
1)
Prewrite

2)
Write a First Draft

3)
Revise

4)

Edit
Pre-writing
> When writing a first draft, your main goal is to give a clear thesis and develop the essay's content with specific detail.
Writing a First Draft
> Do not worry about spelling, grammar, or punctuation because you want to get as much of your ideas down before you start correcting.
> If you are having trouble coming up with ideas in a section, skip that part and get back to it later or as soon as an idea pops in your head,
> Additional thoughts and details may come to you when writing, so place the ideas in correctly and make sure the ideas are on topic.
> All substituting, adding, deleting, and rearranging can be done during the revising.
> You can carefully go through your paper to check that all your supporting evidence is relevant and add new support that may come to you.
> When revising you are not only making your essay sound more professional, you must add more supporting evidence and detail.
> Freewriting means writing down everything that comes to mind about a possible topic in rough sentences or phrases.

> When freewriting, don't worry about spelling, grammar, or organization just try to get as much material about your topic.

> Explore an idea by putting down whatever pops into your head and don't feel short for words because you don't have to hand in your freewrite.

> Freewriting will prepare you with the act of writing and planning.

> It is a way to break through mental blocks in your writing because you can focus on discovering what you want to say about a subject without worrying about mistakes.

> After freewriting, ideas will become clearer after getting them down on paper and they may lead to other ideas.

> With continued practice in freewriting, you will develop the habit of thinking as you write and learn helpful techniques for starting a writing you have to do.
Technique 1: Freewriting
> Making a list, or brainstorming, is collecting ideas and details that relate to your subject.

> Your goal is to make a list of everything about your subject that comes to you. Just pile up ideas, one after the other, without any specific order.
Technique 3: Making a List
> You can easily find depth in ideas and details by asking who, what, when, where, why, and how.

> Asking questions can be an effective way of getting yourself to think about a topic form a number of different angles.
Technique 2: Questioning
Technique 5: Preparing a Scratch Outline
> Clustering, or mapping, is a method where you start with your main topic in the middle and branch out with ideas.

> In clustering, you get your ideas and use lines, boxes, arrows, and circles to show relationships between them.

> Begin with your main topic and branch out with ideas and details about it. (The main topic should be connected to the ideas and details with lines of arrows.)
Technique 4: Clustering
> Revising is rewriting an essay to improve and strengthen the thesis and supporting evidence by giving it style and more content.
Revising
Editing
> Remember that there are always some errors in your work, especially in your first draft,
> Be sure to use transitions throughout your essay to make the essay run smoothly.
> The errors you should look for are in your grammar, punctuation, capitalization, sentence structure, word usage, and spelling.
> After revising, the next process is editing, checking for errors and correcting them.
> A scratch outline is used after forming one of the four previous prewriting techniques.

> Making a scratch outline is a good way to see if you need to do more prewriting.

> In a scratch outline, you think carefully about the point you are making, the supporting items for that point, and the order in which you will arrange those items.

> The scratch outline is a plan or blueprint to help you achieve a unified, supported, well-organized essay.
Questioning
(Example)
Why do I like to jog?

When is it a good time to jog?

Where can I jog?

Who can I jog with?

What do I need when I jog?
Questions
Answers
Jogging is inexpensive, good for circulatory system, and burns calories.
Any time is a good time for running.
I can jog practically anywhere outdoors and indoors with the right equipment.
I can jog with friends, your dog, or alone.
All I need is are good running shoes and shorts.
Making a List
(Example)
> Running can be an adventure
> Great aerobic exercise
> Burns calories
> Inexpensive
> Can be done indoors and outdoors
> Can run with friends
> Can run alone
> No special skills required
> Weight loss
> Can jog anywhere
> No uniform required
> Can be done while listening to music
> Strengthens heart muscles
> Strengthens lungs, improves breathing
> Increases blood supply
Clustering
(Example)
Jogging
Inexpensive
Good for heart
Burns Calories
Can be done anywhere
Can run with others
No special skills needed
Outdoors and Indoors
Aerobic Benefits
Scratch Outline
(Example)
3
Running can be an adventure in the right places
1
Great aerobic exercise
1
Burns calories
2
Inexpensive
2
Can be done indoors and outdoors
3
Can run with friends
2
Can run alone
2
No special skills required
1
Weight loss
2
Can jog anywhere
2
No uniform required
3
Can be done while listening to music
1
Strengthens heart muscles
1
Strengthens lungs, improves breathing
1
Increases blood supply
Outline Key
1 Health benefits
2 Convenience of jogging

3 Fun ways to jog
Revising
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