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Hieronymus Bosch

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Sienna Gonzales

on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of Hieronymus Bosch

Hieronymus Bosch
Career
Only 7 of Bosch's works are actually signed, and none are dated.
Interpretations
Some believed that his religious artwork was inspired by medieval heresies and obscure heretic practices, while others thought that he meant to amuse and excite. Modern scholars have now concluded that he is reflecting the orthodox religious belief systems of his age, and that his paintings were created to teach moral and spiritual truths.
Bosch's work primarily focused on
-religion
-depictions of humanity's vulnerability
-beast-like images
-demons
-The complexity and symbolism of his work were very obscure for that time period
-His paintings were unorthodox (contrary to religious beliefs of the time)
Style
The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things-

Medium: Oil on wood
120cmX150cm
Each wedge of the circle depicts a different sin; Wrath, Pride, Lust, Sloth, Gluttony, Greed, and Envy.
In surrounding circles: Death of a sinner, Hell, Glory (Heaven), and Final Judgement
Early life
Nothing is known of his personality or his thoughts on the meaning of his art.
His date of birth is not certain, and the only evidence of what he looked like is a self-portrait (Pictured to left) drawn in ink.
Bosch came from a large family of artists; his grandfather was a painter along with four of his five sons, and Bosch's own father was an artistic adviser to the Brotherhood of Our Lady. Through the accounts of the Brotherhood, we know Bosch died in 1516.
Very little is known about his life, training, opinions, personality , and art career. He left behind no diaries or written documents
Hieronyus Bosch was born Jheronimus Van Aken, and signed many of his paintings "Jheronimus Bosch"
Writers made parallels of Bosch with Dali, viewing him as a proto-type medieval surrealist.
Ship of Fools
oil on wood
58 x 33 cm
fragment of lost triptych
-Fewer than 25 paintings are officially credited to Bosch
-It was skeptical if some of the signatures were actually his (possibly forged)
-Some paintings credited to him aren't known for sure if they are him
-many variations and copies of his paintings during the early 1500's
-very influential during his time, many followers who imitated his style
-Philip II of Spain bought many of Bosch's paintings after he died
His Work
The Temptation of St. Anthony
Oil on wood
28 in x 20 in
(Bosch's authorship is disputed)
-Many of his paintings were triptychs
-Paintings continually had religious themes like Heaven vs. Hell, Saints, and Christ
-Involves idea of detachment to gain acceptance from progressive and conservative viewers
-dates on paintings are only estimated since he never dated his paintings
-first mention of his name in "art world" was around 1480-1481
-gothic style
Controversy over his work
Cutting the Stone
Oil on board
48 cm x 35 cm
c. 1494 or later
Also called the Cure of Folly
The doctor is a charlatan
Removal of stone of insanity, or "keye"
Woman with book on her head is a satire of folly
Writer's Views
Freudian psychology used to describe his imagery.
Elaine's Favorite
St. John on Patmos
Oil on wood
63 cmx 43.3 cm
-now in Berlin
Sienna's Favorite
Garden of Earthly Delights
oil on wood
About 13 ft x 7ft
-outside displays Earth during the biblical Creation
-left panel depicts Adam and Eve
-center panel depicts interaction of people, animals, and nature
-right panel depicts a hellscape
Tripytch of the Temptation of St. Anthony
Oil on wood
52 in x 90 in
shows mental and spiritual torments that St. Anthony the Great suffered
The Last Judgement
Oil on wood
24 in x 45 in
-only a fragment of this triptych (the rest is lost)
-damaged, painted over, then that paint was removed in 1936
Allison's Favorite
Our Favorite Pieces
The Wayfarer
Oil on panel
71 cm x 70.6 cm
Round painting
1510
Fragment of the triptych, "The Haywain"
This is the image created when "The Haywain" is folded
Interpretation: Man has a choice to make between the path of virtue at the gate on the right or immorality in the house on the left
Works reflected his pessimism and anxieties of his time.
Political and social upheaval
Negative view of human vice and sin
I like this painting because of the detail and contrasting colors, but also because it is more uplifting and natural than his other works. St. John appears to be serene as he writes in his book.
The "Haywain triptych" is a three paneled painting that, when folded, forms an entirely different paintings called "The Wayfarer"
In 150 Phillip II of Spain purchased this painting and it was later sold and divided into three separate pictures. Out of the three portions of the triptych, only the center panel contains his signature.
Triptych: (n)a work of art that is divided into three sections that are hinged together and can be displayed shut or open
This is the outside of the Garden of Heavenly Delights.

-represented the creation of mankind/earth/life
Grisaille: a term for painting executed entirely in monochrome or near-monochrome, usually in shades of grey.
A Common painting technique of Bosch's was Grisaille;
"The Haywain Triptych"
The central panel, signed "Jheronimus Bosch" measures 135 by 200 cm and the wings measure 147 x 66 cm.
Date unknown
The left panel depicts the Garden of Eden
Center panel depicts the Last Judgement
In the right panel, Satan tortures the damned souls
The Last Judgement
The left and right panels measure 167.7 x 60 cm and the center panel measures 164 x 127 cm.
Oil and wood
Created after 1482
Adoration of the Magi
Oil on wood
138 × 144 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain

The outer panels form a single image, Saint Gregory's Mass
Pictured to the right is "Saint Gregory's Mass" rendered in Grisaille
Why I like this:

-Very interesting, one of Bosch's most complex paintings, and I really like the progression of the paintings that tell a story.

-Now, art historians attribute a deeper meaning to these original and complex works. One interpretation is that all of the images are illustrations of proverbs, and example being the pair of lovers in the glass bubble depicting the proverb "Pleasure is as fragile as glass"

- The 'story' told through this triptych begins on the outside shutters with the creation of the world; it then continues, left-to-right, with the Genesis account of original sin, the spreading of that sin during human life, and ends with images of the nightmarish punshiment which the sinful can justly expect to receive in hell.
Why I Like This:
Contrast in colors
Intricate figures
Represents Hell, people suffering
Allegory of Gluttony and Lust
Oil on wood
35.8 x 32 cm
-fragment of wing of a lost triptych
-interpretation: condemning greed and gluttony through fat man on barrel being pushed through a lake and swimmer with hat containing a vessel of meat
Death of the Reprobate
Oil on wood
34.6 x 21.2 cm
interpretation: human on deathbed and the human soul is struggling between the angel and the demon (Heaven and Hell)
St. John the Baptist in the Wilderness
Oil
48.5 cm x 40 cm
-acquired by Lázaro Galdiano in 1913
-now on display in the Museo Lázaro Galdiano, in Madrid, Spain
-a pair with the painting St. John the Evangelist on Patmos
-could be one of the wings on an altarpiece (St. John the Evangelist on Patmos being the other)
-John the Baptist depicted with a lamb. The animal is said to symbolize the sacrifice of the saint as an innocent victim of the wickedness of mankind because lambs are pure,or it could be that the saint is pointing towards Jesus Christ, whose symbol is the pascal lamb (John 1:29-36)
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