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The Crucible: Seven Deadly Sins analysis.

My analysis of five of the seven deadly sins displayed in The Crucible by Arthur Miller

Joe Maugeri

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of The Crucible: Seven Deadly Sins analysis.

The Crucible written by Arthur Miller is set in a Puritan society in Salem, Massachuesetts. During the time period of the play there is mass hysteria about witchcraft which is a sin in Puritan society, but the real sins being committed by many of the people in Salem use the exscuse of Witchcraft to mask what they really are.
The Analysis of thoose Sins The Crucible: Analysis of Sins Lust The seven deadly sins are crimes that are considered offensive in many a sect of Christianity and a few other religions. They are heinous acts that are punishable only by an eternity spent burning and cooking while inside a fiery hell. Puritan society , a stricter section of Christianity in particular goes to extremes to punish the committers of sins in their theocracy. The play “The Crucible” by Arthur J. Miller explores the puritan societies beliefs on punishing witchcraft, a so thought of sin, but the sins that are occurring in the background and use witchcraft as a cover for are sins such as lust, wrath, greed, sloth, glutton, envy, and pride. Lust (n)– uncontrolled or illicit sexual desire or appetite; lecherousness.
Abigail Williams, the young spearhead of the witchcraft accusation operation that took place in Salem used her influence to help her have a better shot of claiming John Proctor for her own. She at one time had gotten with him and once she got a taste of the sweet heaven that was John Proctor, she had eyes for no other. On page 27 “Since Proctor’s entrance, Abigail has stood as though on tiptoe, absorbing his presence, wide eyed. He glances at her, then goes to betty on the bed.” ABIGAIL: Gah! I’d almost forgot how strong you are, John Proctor!” With the stage direction and the compliment on Abigail’s part it is clear that she still lusts for John Proctor, with great intensity as she is almost held in a trance wide eyed upon his presence in the room.
Abigail Williams shortly thereafter when left alone with John Proctor “ABIGAIL: Give me a word, John. A soft word. Her concentrated desire destroys his smile.’ Here Abigail by asking for a soft word really means she wants him to tell her that he will come for her to do something assumable sexually with her, but John Proctor will have none of that, so Abigail’s unquenched thirst for the strong and handsome John Proctor shall not be fulfilled and she will have to attempt at an alternate route in order to have a chance at him.
John Proctor, a protagonist of the play did commit lust, and not only lust, he was lecherous with Abigail Williams at a time, but since then he has tried to renounce his feelings for her, she cannot stand this because she wants more of him, her effort to try to stir up the lustiness buried deep within him fails _- “ABIGAIL: I know how you clutched my back behind your house and sweated like a stallion whenever I come near!...” So at a time once John Proctor did sweat like a stud horse for Abigail, clearly exemplified in the text here, John Proctor is indeed held at a sin of lustfully continuing in that quote “ I saw your face when she put me out, and you loved me then and you do now!” further evidence displayed of John Proctors since renounced love and lust for Abigail Williams. In performing this sin he opens a gateway of sins for Abigail to commit, in her futile attempts to get him back to her side. “ PROCTOR: gently pressing her from him, with great sympathy but firmly: Child- ABIGAIL: with a flash of anger: How dare do you call me child!” Abigail sensing the cold hard fact that Proctor no longer wants her or even if he does he will not attempt to have her becomes maddened as a child would, the anger spirals totally out of control and permits her to commit many another sin. Wrath Following right behind Abigail failing to acquire John Proctor is a path of Wrath and anger and vengeance upon Salem, It first started with John Proctors wife, Abigail hoping that by taking her out she would be able to get John Proctor, however in order to cover her tracks and trail she needs to accuse more and more people not only because she needs to hid e the fact that she wants Elizabeth Proctor gone, but also to hide the fact that she was performing witchcraft herself in the woods with a couple other girls. Wrath ( N ) : vengeance or punishment as the consequence of anger. Abigail Williams the character I accuse of Wrath did indeed commit this sin, for example I pg 65"MARY WARREN, pointing at Elizabeth I saved her life today!" in short we know that it was Abigail who accused Elizabeth Proctor of witchcraft on account of the fact that she wants to be with John Proctor, and the only thing standing in her way of doing so there was Mary Warren.
Another Example : "CHEEVER, wide-eyed, trembling: the girl, the Williams girl, Abigail Williams, sir. She sat to dinner in Reverend Parris's house tonight, and without word nor warnin' she falls to the floor. like a struck beast, he says, and screamed a scream that a bull would weep to hear. And he goes to save her, and, stuck two inches in the flesh of her belly he draw a needle out.... - testify it were your wife's familiar Spirit pushed it in. " Abigail here also commits the sin of bearing false witness (spoken to not be performed in the Ten Commandments) and also the sin of Wrath, she get's Proctor's wife arested and things are spiraling more and more out of control Sloth Sloth ( N ) habitual disinclination to exertion; indolence; laziness. Sloth, another sin which uses the excuse of witchcraft to conceal itself is displayed in Salem Town. Mary Warren may have used sloth to get herself out of working in John Proctor's house everyday, II pg 65 MARY WARREN, ...So I'll be gone everyday for some time. I'm - I'm an official of the court, they say, and I -" Mary Warren a common midwife, deciding to take time off of the job that she is housed and fed for to go sit and play pretend in a court is a clear example of Sloth. Another quote to display evidence of sloth in Mary on the previous page II pg 64 " MARY WARREN, I must tell you, sir, I will be gone every day now." not only does sloth showcase itself here using witchcraft as an exscuse for it but also a little hint of pride is evident of Mary thinking that she's the big new thing now and must be respected just because she is a good actor infront of the Judges. II pg 77 "GILES, That bloody mongrel Walcott charge her. Y'see, he buy a pig of my wife four or five year ago, and the pig died soon after. So he come dancin' in for his money back. SO my Martha, she says to him,"Walcott, if you haven't the wit to feed a pig properly, you'll not live to own many," she says. Now he goes to court and claims that from that day to this he cannot keep a pig alive for more than four weeks because my Martha bewitch them with her books!" Realistically Martha didn't bewitch the pigs, Walcott was too lazy to remember to feed them and is trying to use Witchcraft as a scapegoat for the reason he lost so many pigs, a small hint of wrath also exists in this quote as he is taking out vengeance for his pigs death's on Martha Corey. Mrs. Putnam also has committed the sin of wrath as an exscuse for the death of her babies, and has even attempted witchery to call them, though she is dismissed because she is one of the higher standing people of societyActI pg 22 " MRS. PUTNAM: I take it on my soul, but who else may surely tell us what person murdered my babies?"
Here she dismisses any natural causes of baby death and goes straight to the fact that somone must have murdered her children. Pride Pride - ( N ) feeling of superiority: a haughty attitude shown by somebody who believes, often unjustifiably, that he or she is better than others. Aside from the fact that Mary displayed pride as well as sloth before and bearing a false witness aswell there are also other characters in Salem Town that display pride. Giles Corey for example when upon presenting his deposition is asked to give the name of the man he spoke of, he refused and is then called for contempt of court, he is pressed to death and his pride and his desire to protect his land for his family is what is the end of him. a Prideful statement made by him " More Weight", a clear indication that the character of Giles Corey was indeed full of pride in himself. " Greed I feel as though greed, gluttony, and envy all go hand and hand in this book, because by definition Greed -( N )1.strong desire for more: an overwhelming desire to have more of something such as money than is actually needed. Gluttony - ( N ) 1.excessive eating: the act or practice of eating and drinking to excess. ( listed in synonyms the word Greed, there are no instances of people gorging themselves on food in this book. ) Envy-( N ) 1.wanting what somebody else has: the resentful or unhappy feeling of wanting somebody else's success, good fortune, qualities, or possessions. All three words deal in the matter of being selfish and either wanting all of something for oneself regardless of whether it is sombody elses' or not.
act III pg 100 Giles pointing at his deposition: The proof is there! I have it from an honest man who heard Putnam say it!" Giles is talking about how Mr. Putnam has his daughter accuse people of witchcraft so he can buy up their land and add it to his big farm. Putnam is clearly being not only greedy wanting land, but also envious, and gluttonous in he wants more than what he needs and he wants it because someone else has it. Further backed up by where Giles on page 102 says " Say nothing more, John. pinting at danforth: He 's only playing you he means to hang us all. Danforth of course could be greedy for he wants more kills on his record as judge in order to boost his reputation as a trialer of the witchcrafts. He could also be killing in order to defend putnam so that Putnam can buy up the land. Abigail Williams also could be greedy or gluttonous or envious because she wants more power and influence than what she already has in the town and she also wants john proctor and is indeed envious of Elizabeth on act I pg 29 Oh, I marvel how such a trong man may let such a sickly wife be-" She here indeed envies Mrs Proctor in that she envies that fact that she has John . A clear display of sin on Abigail's part. pg 145 act IV "Proctor tears the paper and crumples it." This act of pride by proctor displays him being so prideful in keeping his name good and not bearing of a false witness that he is now willing to give up his own life for his pride. Life vs. Pride, if pride wins the arguement you are indeed caple of performing the sin of pride. One can question whether being prideful is truly a sin, I suppose it depends on what you are prideful in, like Mary warren on act II pg 65 " I am an official of the court, they say." her pride here is false and used incorrectly, while John Proctor's pride is used as a Martyr cause, which is just for it is in the name of god, and realistically god is the only omiscient observer and Proctor only has to answer to him. The End.
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