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First Thanksgiving

First Grade
by

April Sones

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of First Thanksgiving

The First Thanksgiving A look into the Pilgrims voyage to the New World where they celebrated the first Thanksgiving. On September 6, 1620 the Mayflower leaves England for North America. But the two month journey will not be a smooth one. Halfway to the New World a violent storm strikes. The storm passes but the ship is blown off course, now far north of Virginia where the pilgrims planned to settle. After 65 days at sea, on November 11, 1620, the Pilgrims land in Cape Cod, Massachusetts. By December they will make their way to Plimoth, their new home, as winter sets in. The Pilgrims arrived in the new world during the winter, making it very difficult for them to find food and build shelter. Already weakened by their two month voyage, most of the passengers failed to survive the first few months in their new home. Fortunately, native people called Wampanoag already lived in the Massachusetts Bay area. They shared their knowledge of local crops and navigation with the Pilgrims and helped them survive. The Pilgrims and the Wampanoag learned to live in the New World together. They had very different ways of life. Pilgrims meet the Wampanoag Shelter Pilgrim homes were modeled after the English cottage. Timber built frames with steep roofs, finished with wooden boards and a straw roof. Each family was allotted about 800 sq. feet. Homes were built along a main street with areas for crops and livestock and surrounded by a palisade, a defensive barrier of wooden stakes. Wampanoag lived in wetus. The frame was made of saplings bent into a circular shape. In the summer it was covered with woven grass. In winter it was covered with bark to keep out cold. Inside were mats for sleeping, animal skins for blankets, and a smoke hole in the middle for a fire. In the summer they lived in cleared areas where they could plant corn, squash, beans, and other crops. During fall harvest they would move to more wooded areas for protection and harsh winter. Pilgrim girls wore garters, stockings, 2 petticoats, shirt jacket, hat, shoes, and an apron. They carried a small bag called a pocket around the waist. Boys wore dresses until the age of 6-7. Then they wore breeches or knee length pants, stockings, garters, and a short coat. Pilgrim cloths were woven by hand and colored with dyes made from plant, animal, and mineral sources.
Wampanoag were less modest than pilgrims. Men wore only a loincloth along with a small pouch for food or supplies and went barefoot or wore deerskin moccasins. On more formal occasions, like a visit to the Pilgrims, they would wear more decorative clothing: deerskin leggings, jewelry, body paint, hand-embroidered pouches, and a tribal headdress, which took months to make by hand.Men and women wore jewelry crafted from stone, bone, clam shells, and copper beads found locally. Clothing was hand-painted with slivers of wood similar to toothpicks.
Clothes Pilgrims ate duck, seafood, cornbread, curds, and pudding. They ate three meals a day with the midday meal being the biggest. They ate with their hands because they had no spoons, knives, or forks. The cloths draped over their shoulders were for wiping fingers.
During winter, Wampanoag ate rabbit, squirrel, turkey and deer. Woman would turn the days hunt into a meat stew. Wampanoag were expert fishermen. They baited hooks with dried clam necks and fished out of their canoes. Food
Wampanoag boys learned to hunt with a bow. They had no schools, but certain boys were chosen to be warrior counselors. Only the strongest were chosen after a series of physical challenges. A Wampanoag boy had to learn to make his own arrows.
There were no schools for the Pilgrims but some were taught by their parents. School It was a two day walk from the Wampanoag village. They had to build their own shelter because the pilgrims barely had managed to build houses for themselves. Between meals the pilgrims and the Wampanoag played games. The Wampanoag may have taught the Pilgrims the Pin Game where a player tries to toss a small ring into a pin. In addition there were target shooting, singing, and dancing among both the Wampanoag and the Pilgrims. Ten months later, the pilgrims felt very thankful. Ducks were probably the main course because waterfowl was plentiful in the bay area. The Pilgrims would not have survived without the help of the native Wampanoag people so they were invited to join the pilgrims feast. As a gift they brought deer to the feast. There is only one written account of the first Thanksgiving, and turkey is not mentioned. Cranberry sauce and mashed potatoes weren’t even invented yet. Along with duck and deer, the diners likely enjoyed seafood, cabbage, onions, corn, and squash. In 1621 the feast was not one big sit down meal. Meals were eaten throughout the colony for almost a week. Sometimes the Wampanoag and the Pilgrims ate together, other times they ate separately. 9:45 14:53 The First Thanksgiving Resources
http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/

Youtube 3:00
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