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Transcript of TOEFL iBT
5 Principles Depending on the location of the test,
the price ranges from $160-250 Sat., Nov 03, 2012
Fri., Nov 16, 2012
Sat., Dec 01, 2012
Fri., Dec 07, 2012
Sat., Dec 08, 2012
Fri., Dec 14, 2012
Sat., Jan 12, 2013
Fri., Jan 18, 2013
Fri., Jan 25, 2013 Students can register online, by phone, mail, and in person up to 3 days before the test (however a late fee of $35 will apply). "More than 8,500 colleges, agencies and other institutions in over 130 countries accept TOEFL scores" http://www.toeflgoanywhere.org/ Read, listen and then speak in response to a question
Listen and then speak in response to a question
Read, listen and then write in response to a question http://toeflpractice.ets.org/
($45) Set aside time each day to communicate only in English. Listen, read, speak and write in English every chance you get.
Send emails, make notes for yourself and write down daily reminders, using new words and common expressions. This helps with sentence structure and vocabulary.
Listen to music, online broadcasts, radio, television and movies in English. The more you listen, the more you will understand vocabulary and expressions. Music helps you acquire the rhythm and stress patterns of spoken English. Listen closely to the words.
Reading is the best way to improve your vocabulary. English-language reading materials — newspapers, magazines, books and websites — are always available. See Lexile® Measures for additional ways to improve your reading skills.
Concentrate on speaking loudly and clearly with good pronunciation and intonation. Try to speak in thought groups to have good flow to your speaking. Pause after prepositional phrases and related thought groups. Add emotion and feeling to what you are saying. Practice the same speech in your own language and then try to match the same gestures and feelings when you use English.
Write down things you are doing to prepare for college and other events in your daily life. This is a great way to organize your thoughts and practice writing in English. You can track your own progress. Read it to yourself and read it out loud. http://www.ets.org/s/toefl/pdf/toefl_student_test_prep_planner.pdf Scored holistically (raters listen for various features in your response and assign a single score based on the overall skill you display in your answer). Although
The raters will be listening for:
Delivery: How clear and fluid your speech is, including good
pronunciation, natural pacing and natural-sounding intonation
Language Use: How effectively you use grammar and vocabulary
to convey your ideas.
Topic Development: How fully you answer the question and how
coherently you present your ideas. Good responses generally use
all or most of the time allotted, and the relationship between ideas
and the progression from one idea to the next is clear and easy to
follow. Students can only reschedule or cancel by phone or online
at a charge of $60 up to 3 days before the exam. Students
who cancel only receive 1/2 of their fee back Highly Skilled Workers (CEFR: C1)
Minister of Religion (CEFR: B2)
Skilled Worker (CEFR: B1)
Students enrolling on a course at NQF 6 or above (CEFR: B2)
Students enrolling on a course at NQF 35 [degree] or above (CEFR: B1)
Spouses & Partners (CEFR: a1-b1)
Listening 22; Reading 24; Speaking 25; Writing 24 Listening 17; Reading 18; Speaking 20; Writing 17 Listening 9; Reading 4; Speaking 16; Writing 13 Listening 17;
Writing17 Listening 9;
Writing 13 Listening 9;
Speaking 5 http://www.toeflgoanywhere.org/content/toefl-ibt-test-scores-approved-visa-use-uk-border-agency-ukba it is widely accessible / available
it is "accurate" and "reflective of what happens in the classroom"
it can be taken in 1 day as opposed to 2
it boasts access to a wide variety of free preparation materials
it uses multiple raters to score the speaking portion of the test
the speaking portion claims to be less intimidating
it assesses the four "main skills" of Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing, allowing for a balanced overview of the individual's language ability - Short & longer passages
- Each passage averages to a 20 minute time slot
with 12-14 questions per reading passage
- Question focus on:
facts and details
vocabulary in context
finding the main ideas or purpose
- Students may receive a “dummy” section used to
assess passages for future tests. - Includes both informal and formal/academic speech:
2-3 conversation passages
4-6 lecture passages
-Test-takers can only listen once, but they are allowed to take notes which will not be scored
-Questions focus on:
basic comprehension questions
connecting and synthesizing YouTube channel: Contains 6 speaking tasks, which are one of two types:
independent or integrated.
- Independent tasks ask the test taker to:
read a short passage (45 seconds)
listen to a dialogue
take 30 seconds to prepare their response
speak for 30 seconds
- Integrated tasks ask the test taker to:
listen to a conversation or lecture
take 15 seconds to prepare
respond to the questions for about 45 seconds http://www.ets.org/Media/Tests/TOEFL/pdf/TOEFL_Tips.pdf - The integrated task portion asks the test taker to:
read a passage (3 min.)
listen to a lecture on the same topic
spend 20 min. planning and writing a response
(the test taker can look at the reading passage; notes are allowed)
[around 150-225 words]
Test-takers are given a topic and 30 minutes to write a 300 word essay TOEFL Value Pack:
TOEFL® Practice Online
(authentic test questions; instant scoring; feedback)
The Official Guide to the TOEFL® Test, 4th Edition (three full-length practice tests; real sample responses; actual score raters’ comments)
Engaging English® Reading Service, 6-month membership
(Interactive online tool that builds your reading skills with targeted practice, immediate feedback, progress monitoring, and personalized motivational tools)
8 extra score reports (regularly $18 each)
$35 off the cost of your online registration fee. Automated scoring does not measure the effectiveness of the response or the appropriateness of content.
Human raters attend to a wider variety of features, such as response effectiveness, quality of ideas and content as well as form.
"Prompts designed for fully-automated scoring have been historically found to be more vulnerable to prompt-specific preparation and memorized responses." "At ETS, when we score these open-ended or constructed-response tasks, we have to do so in ways that are valid, fair and consistent and that allow for the same score interpretations, regardless of whether the task was scored solely by human raters or with the help of technology. In addition, we also conduct research to ensure that the scoring of the multiple-choice test questions leads to valid, fair and meaningful scores." Raters have to pass a certification test after undertaking extensive training.
Raters are also "calibrated" daily.
("Calibration" involves task familiarization, guidance on the scoring the task, and practice on various responses.)
Raters are checked each time they score a new test question.
ETS uses a highly diverse pool of raters rather than those exclusive to a test taker's country of origin.
Multiple raters’ judgments contribute to each test taker’s speaking and writing scores to minimize rater bias. https://www.ets.org/Media/Research/pdf/CEF_Mapping_Study_Interim_Report.pdf TOEFL iBT and CEFR practicality reliability validity authenticity wash-back http://www.ets.org/toefl/institutions/scores/compare/ How much does the TOEFL iBT cost in terms of time and money to construct and administer? How does the test achieve inter-rater reliability? strengths and shortcomings
of the TESOL iBT To what extent do students see the iBT as fair, relevant, and useful for learning? Countries in which the test can be taken: 165 When is it offered? From October to Mid-January How many times can it be taken? As much as the test taker wants, every 7 days How much does it cost? How can students apply to take the test? U.S. Dates: Can students cancel or reschedule? Gatekeeping Immigration departments use scores to issue residential and work visas. Medical and licensing agencies use the TOEFL iBT for professional certification purposes ETS claims the TOEFL iBT is awesome because: reading writing listening speaking Preparation Materials Study Tips Reading Listening Speaking Writing Are the results easy to interpret? Is the TOEFL iBT easy to score? Is the length of the test realistic? TOEFL iBT's Reliability Estimates
http://www.ets.org/s/toefl/pdf/toefl_ibt_research_s1v3.pdf reliability Reliability is expressed in a statistical index whose value
ranges from 0 (not at all reliable) to 1 (perfectly reliable). *precision of test scores is also expressed as a measurement index called the standard error of measurement (SEM) Is the TEOFL iBT consistent and dependable? Will there be any fluctuations in terms of student-related reliability, the scoring, the test administration or the test itself? Does the iBT use rubrics for scoring / evaluation? How does the test deal with the issue of test wise-ness? To what extent will the inferences made from the TOEFL iBT be appropriate, meaningful, and useful? Does the iBT measure what it claims to measure? What is their rationale? Does the iBT undertake direct or indirect testing? Does the iBT tap into current knowledge about second language learning? To what degree are items on the test contextualized? To what degree does the iBT mirror real-world tasks? Does the test contain meaningful, relevant, and interesting topics? What affect is the iBT likely to have on students' future language development? How might the iBT influence how teachers teach? Have test takers had the chance to adequately prepare for the test? Does the test provide test-takers with any feedback? "There was a hope that TOEFL would lead to a more communicative approach to teaching....that there would be more speaking, there would be more integrated skills work."
-Wall & Horák, 2006, p. 17 (on changes to the new TOEFL) Reading (60-80 min.) Listening (60-90 min.) Speaking (20 min.) Writing (50 min.) Read 3 or 4 passages from an academic texts and answer 36–56 questions Listen to lectures, classroom discussions, and conversations, then answer 34–51 questions BREAK Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks (6 tasks total). Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.
(2 tasks) Offers generalized feedback
based off of the test taker's score. Due to the gatekeeping nature of the test, and wide acceptance of the scores in both international job markets and colleges, high level results can open many opportunities for a student. The e-rater calculates two feature variables related to lexical characteristics—a measure of the vocabulary level of each word, based on a large corpus of newspapers and periodicals, and the average word length. http://www.ets.org/Media/Research/pdf/RR-11-24.pdf "Reading to learn questions assess specific abilities that contribute to learning including the ability to recognize the organization and purpose of a text, to distinguish major from minor ideas and essential from nonessential information, to conceptualize and organize text information into a mental framework, and to understand rhetorical functions such as cause-effect relationships, compare-contrast relationships, arguments, and so on. . . ." -ETS, 2003 quote from https://www.ets.org/Media/Research/pdf/RR-06-06.pdf pragmatic understanding basic comprehension vocabulary in context / paraphrasing facts and details inferences coherence finding the main ideas integrated independent The Raters How students are told they are scored on How students are told they are scored on How students are told they are scored on How students are told they are scored on Multiple-choice
Score range: 0 - 30 Multiple-choice
Score range: 0 - 30 The two tasks are rated from 0 to 5.
The sum is then converted to a scaled score of 0 to 30.
evaluating the integrated writing task for development, organization, grammar, vocabulary, accuracy and completeness
rating the independent writing essay on overall writing quality, including development, organization, grammar and vocabulary
human judgment for content and meaning with automated scoring for linguistic features Offers free prep. materials Yes With test guides and some free materials Multiple scorers @ hub Some student-related reliability issues Website provides a comparison tool Computer scoring; rubrics 4 hrs; the timing makes some sections of the test high pressure Balances out in terms of payoff? http://vocaroo.com/