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Ancient Buddahist Temples

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Samone Buchanan

on 15 December 2015

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Transcript of Ancient Buddahist Temples

Buddhism in Ancient Asia
Architecture, Art, and the spreading of Buddhism
What is Buddhism?
Not really a religion ~ More like a way of life.

The whole purpose of Buddhism is to change
yourself to develope qualities of awareness,
kindness, and wisdom.

There is no certain God or Goddess to be worshipped :
equality

Your mind and body are completely devoted to act in more meaningful ways, more beneficial ways

The ultimate goal is to become enlightened , to better know yourself, other people, and life

To change ones state of mind

Practicing Buddhism

Meditation
According to buddhism meditation is the best way to change ones state of mind
The practices encourage concentration and clarity to better understand the true nature of things

Rituals and Offerings
Chants are often said to give expression to a buddhists devotion like giving it body
Offerings are symbols
flowers are set out to represent lifes beauty and candles are used to symbolize the enlightenment

India

How It Started
Buddhism started with the man Siddhartha Guatama 2,500 years ago
Siddhartha was born in a royal family and soon discovered that the privilages he was born with were not widespread and he sought out to discover why people suffered and died
He vowed to meditate under a pipal tree (Bodhi Tree) until he reached the state of enlightenment, this took forty days
He then spent the rest of his life spreading his understanding.
India
Buddhism originated from india around 500 bc
The Four Noble Truths
1. The truth of suffering
2.The truth of the cause of suffering
3. The truth of the end of suffering
4. The truth of the path leading to the end of suffering
Different Types of Buddhism
After Buddha's death, some of his followers had some differences of opinion which eventually led to their breaking away and forming separate kinds of Buddhism.
There are two main types, Theravada, which spread to Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Laos (Southern which are closer to the original Buddha teachings)

Mahayana which spread to Nepal, Viet Nam, China, Korea and Japan.
All Buddhists follow a set of guidelines for daily life called the Five Precepts despite their different identities

1. Do not harm or kill living things.

2. Do not take things unless they are freely given.

3. Lead a decent life.

4. Do not speak unkindly or tell lies.

5. Do not abuse drugs or alcohol.


What happens in the After Life?
Buddhists believe that every form of life is reincarnated in to another one

Until the state of Nirvana is reached you will forever be reincarnated
Your actions in your life determine
what circumstances you will be put in
in the next one. This is called karma. If
you continously live a life of good virtue and decency your next life will be filled with less suffering and vise versa.
India
Sri Lanka
The great Buddha of Avukana
This is a satue carved out of a cliff and is nearly free standing, being attached to the cliff by only the narrowest piece of rock.
Aukuana’s statue dates from around the 5th century BCE
A sacred pilgrimage site for 22 centuries, this cave monastery, with its five sanctuaries, is the largest, best-preserved cave-temple complex in Sri Lanka. The Buddhist mural paintings (covering an area of 2,100 m2 ) are of particular importance, as are the 157 statues.
China
Gal Viharaya
constructed by Parakramabahu the Great in the 12th century
and carved into the face of a granite boulder.
Leshan Giant Buddha
Begun in the year 713 during the Tang Dynasty, the statue was not completed until the year 803, and was the effort of thousands of sculptors and workers
The sculpture stands about 71 meters (233 feet) high and has three meter (11 feet) long fingers on each of its enormous resting hands. .


Tian Tan Buddha Statue
The statue sits on a lotus throne on top of a three tiered altar. At 34 meters (110 feet) tall, the Tian Tan Buddha is presented in a posture of serenity. Fashioned of bronze and completed in 1993
Japan
Great Buddha of Kamakura
Cast in bronze, the Great Buddha stands at over 13 meters (40 feet) high and weighs nearly 93 tons.
The statue reportedly dates from 1252 Although it originally was housed in a small wooden temple, the Great Buddha now stands in the open air as the original temple was washed away in a tsunami in the 15th century.
Ushiku Daibutsu
The Ushiku Daibutsu is located in the city of Ushiku in Japan. Finished in 1995, the figure is one of the world’s tallest statues, standing a total of 120 meters (394 feet) high including the 10m (30 foot) base and 10m high lotus platform.
Thailand
Ayutthaya Buddha Head
Among the ruins of Wat Mahathat (The Temple of the Great Relic) is the remains of a sandstone statue of the Buddha whose body has been lost to the ages but whose head rests appropriately in the climbing roots and vines of a tree
Wat Arun
covered in tiny pieces of colorful Chinese ceramics, was started by King Rama II (1809-1824) and completed by King Rama III (1824-1851).
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