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Career Development

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Lauren T

on 11 June 2015

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Transcript of Career Development

These stages can occur in this order. Each life stage has a different set of tasks one must complete before moving on. These stages take a person from the beginning to end of their careers.
Career Development

Factors that Influence Career Development
Personal Characteristics:

your interests, personality, and values play a role in.

Socio-Economic Factors:

financial situation is the key factor. The amount of student loans one has is an example of a socio-economic factor.

Physical and Mental Abilities:

if someone has an athletic ability they would to interested in a career assosiated with athletics, for example physical trainer or physiotherapist

Chance Factors:

these are life events that influence a persons life. For example getting married, having a child, a death in the family, or a chance meeting with someone
What does SMART stand for?
Specific-

addresses as many descriptive questions as possible by asking the 6 "w" questions (who, what, where, when, why)
Measurable-
establish concrete criteria by asking "how". This will lead to achieving your goals.
Attainable
-
find a way to reach your goal and make them come true. When certain goals are important to you, developing skills such as attitude, ability, skills and financial capacity will benefit you greatly.
Realistic-
your goal(s) must represent and objective which you are
willing
and
able
to reach. Setting unrealistic goals will only result in a negative outcome.
Timely-
every goal should have a time frame. A lack of one will diminish its urgency to be completed. A time frame sets you in motion.

Networking

Between 65%-80% of all jobs are discovered through networking
SMART
When making goals, its in your best interest to use SMART goal setting. This template ensures that goals are realistic and attainable, maximizing your success.
What is Career Development?
Career Development is the lifelong process of managing learning, work, leisure, and transitions in order to move toward a personally determined and evolving preferred future.


By: Lauren Tracey, Chloe Stachow, Olivia Pickering and Amanda Munro
Job Satisfaction
S
M
A
R
T
Creating and maintaining positive
relationships with other professionals
for the purpose of mutually benefiting from that connection.
What is Networking?
Why is it important?
How to Network
Networking opens doors by creating new opportunities

Five Steps to Successful Networking
1. Make Yourself Known
2. Build Solid Relationships
3. Network with individuals in
all
industries
4. Maintain Relationships

5. Give back
"It's not what you know, but who you know"
Enables individuals to learn about the industry they strive to be a part of
Gives individuals an opportunity to promote their businesses
pecific
easurable
ttainable
ealistic
imely
When choosing a career most people try to find a job that is personally satisfying. Many dream of working a job that doesn't feel like work, for example a professional athlete, actor, fashion designer, musician, etc. Unfortunately those careers are unrealistic for most and therefore people must find a more realistic job that is satisfying.
Career Development Plan
There are 5 steps to follow:
1. Where you are right now in your career or
Point A
2.Where is the end game or
Point B
3. Figure out how you are going to get from
Point A
to
Point B
4. Put it in print (Figure out if you can break up the goals into smaller sections)
5. Be like Nike and Just Do It (You can not go over it or under it, you have to go through it)
3 Questions to ask yourself to determine job satisfaction
ONE
Is your work a job?
TWO
Is your work a Career?
THREE
Is your work a passion?
When monetary compensation is the main priority
When attaining higher status through promotions and career development opportunities is main priority
Satisfied as a result of:
Income
Satisfied as a result of:

Status
When money, status and control are not priorities
Satisfied as a result of:
Work itself
A career development plan is where you review where you are at in your career and think about where you want to be.
John Holland's Typology Theory
Why is Career Development important?
Realistic
- Can lead to a happier fulfilled life
- Learning is endless
- Open new opportunities
- Will have a strong sense of purpose
- Will become well informed in their field of work
- Know yourself better
-
Make connections with other colleagues
- Always improving (work and personal)
Individuals who enjoy working in a hands on environment.
Ex. Carpenter, Architect, mechanic, etc.
Self Assessment
When on track to starting your career, there are a few things you must ask yourself first; "what are my likes/dislikes? My strengths and weaknesses? Interests?".


Career Exploration
Once you have successfully determined your interests, you can use various tools which will guide you to a properly suited job.





Career Ladder
Investigative
Career ladders identify any opportunity for promotions and/or career changes.

If you are someone who is open to change, then knowing about possible promotions ahead of time will benefit you.
Benefits for Employers
Holland's theory focuses on the connection between an individuals personality and their career. Personalities can be placed within six categories and each category is linked with specific jobs that are most common. The closer the match of the personality to the job the more likely the individual has a higher job satisfaction level.
Career development can benefit employers because it encourages their employees to work their hardest. This allows the employers to ensure that they have the top talents working at their company. When the employer gives encouragement to the employees when they are being productive it will motivate the employees to continue to be productive. Employers that have success within their companies will attract people who want to be successful. Companies with successful employees will thrive. Employer who are successful will have successful employees working for them. The employees will want to impress their employers and continue to develop in their career.
Artistic
Social
Enterprising
Conventional
Classification Specifications

Ex. Veterinarian, Scientist, computer programmer, etc.
Individuals who enjoy creating art in all forms.
Ex. Writer, Musician, interior designer, etc.
Individuals who enjoy interacting, relating, helping and educating others.
Also known as "specs" provide information on the carer you are interested in, such as duties, tasks, qualifications etc.
Intellectual individuals who are analytical thinkers.
Career Development Systems
Ex. Police officer, professor, psychologist, etc.
People in Fields That Interest You
A career development system uses different components in an organization. For this type of system to increase efficiency in the workplace, the human resource manager must have full knowledge about the different components. They are also responsible for creating and effective career development system for their organization.
Super’s Life-Span (Life-Space Theory)
When choosing your future career path, it's an excellent idea to talk to someone who is already in the field and has experience. This will provide a better description about the real demands the job entails and it also allows for any questions you may have to be answered
.
Self Assessment Tools
Donald Super thought that humans are always evolving, and this made us capable of adapting to different jobs. This theory takes into consideration various important influences on a persons life roles, experiences, and influences in different stages of their life.
Extroverted individuals who
are very persuasive.
The first activity is used for employees to complete self-assessment exercises and fill in information about their skills, interests, work attitudes, goals etc.
Ex. Lawyers, Politicians, Salesman, etc.
Some of Super's main ideas were:
1. Everyone has skills and talents that enable them to develop different roles in life. This makes them capable of many different tasks and job opportunities possible.
Career Planning Workshop
The next step is a career planning workshop where all the employees and supervisors come together and share their findings. This gives employees an opportunity to receive feedback from other workers
2. Many people seek career satisfaction by having roles where they can express themselves. Having knowledge about yourself is very important.
Individual Counseling
3. Career development is life long learning. This will start when they are hired till they retire from the career.
Individuals who enjoy routine, rules and goal setting. These individuals often seek societal approval.
Individual counseling is often performed by career development specialists and what they do is help employees understand their own goals, make changes if necessary, and help improve their skills
Growth, Exploration, Establishment,
Maintenance and Disengagement.
Ex. bank teller, office worker, cashier, etc.
Organizational Assessment Programs
Organizational assessment programs use tools and methods to evaluate employees to look at how well they will move along in the company also to evaluate their potential
Developmental Programs
The last program is used to develop employees futures in the companies. They can be internal as well as external.
Five Major Life Stages:
When is Career Development Most Effective?
When employees are always doing and learning new training and developmental strategies
When the organization has specially designed their career development system to meet the needs and requirements of the business
An effective career development plan not only helps the organization but also the employees and managers or supervisors
Benefits of Career Development for Employees
Super's theory influenced how we look at careers. These stages of career development help employers to know where their employees are at on the in their personal career development. This will help employers assign tasked based on their related career goals.
The major benefit to employees with career development is that they can always receive helpful assistance in regards to their career decision
By using this system employees are able to set more realistic goals that can be achieved
It helps with better communication between the employee and the employer
Employees are able to get feedback on their performances
Questions?
The End
Ginzberg's Career Development Theory
Fantasy
Tentative
Realistic
Happens from birth to age 11
Children play "pretend" and re-enact certain careers (Ex. police officer, teacher, astronaut, etc.)
Happens at age 11 to age 17
Four Stages:
1. Interest-

when dislikes and likes are discovered
2.Capacity-

when abilities are matched up to interests
3.Values-

when work is able fulfill personal values

4.Transition-

when individuals become independent and takes responsibility for all actions
Three Stages:
1.Exploration-
individuals are open minded when it comes to opportunities
2.Crystallization-

individuals commit themselves to a specific career path
3.Specification-
individuals specify in a specific branch of their career
Happens at age 17 to age 24
This theory seeks to explain the lifelong process to which an individual uses to choose their career.
Full transcript