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The Kurdish Genocide in Iraq
Transcript of The Kurdish Genocide in Iraq
How did the world get involved?
-Massacred 50,000-100,000 non-combatant citizens
-Destroyed 4,000 villages
-250 towns, cities, and villages exposed to chemical weapons
-Destroyed 1,754 schools, 270 hospitals, 2,477 places of worship
-Wiped out 90% of Kurdish villages in targeted areas
The Kurds are considered the largest nation without it's own state. There are approximately 20-25 million people that belong under the title. Their territory is traditionally divided among Iraq, Iran, Turkey, and Syria.
Who is inflicting harm?
Saddam Hussein, an Iraqi ruler, and his Ba'ath Party were the group inflicting harm on the Kurds.
Who is involved?
Who is being targeted?
The Kurdish people are being targeted, especially the men and boys who could threaten Saddam Hussein's government.
1920 1979 1980 1983 1987 1988 2006
August 10, 1920
This treaty was supposed to supply a Kurdish State. An agreement was never reached so the the region was split between four nations, Iraq, Iran, Turkey, and Syria.
Saddam Hussein Elected
Saddam Hussein's election sets the Kurdish Genocide in motion.
Treaty of Serves
July 16, 1979
Iran-Iraq War Anti Kurdish Policies
September 22, 1980
When the war begins, the policies of Kurdish discrimination do too. A small civil war breaks out and many Kurdish villages were destroyed, and many people were killed by the government. The war escalates to attacks aimed at the Kurds, not Iran.
8,000 men disappear from the village of Bazrani.
July 1, 1983
Ali Hassan al-Majid
March 1, 1987
Ali Hassan al-Majid, a leader in the genocide, is appointed Secretary General of the Northern Bureau of the Ba'ath Party.
Ali Hassan al-Majid's Directive
June 27, 1987
Ali Hassan signs a directive ordering all Kurdish men old enough to bear arms to be killed.
Halabja Gas Attack
March 16, 1988
The Iraqi army used helicopters to drop illegal chemical weapons on the town of Halabja. It is believed that as many as 5,000 people were killed.
End of Genocide
September 6, 1988
This is the recognized date of the end of the Kurdish Genocide. It is believed that 182,000 people were killed during this genocide.
Saddam Hussein's Execution
December 30, 2006
Saddam Hussein is hung for his crimes against humanity including those in the Kurdish Genocide.
Saddam Hussein committed this genocide because he felt threatened. He killed mostly men and boys that were old enough to bear arms. The Kurds had been pushed to a corner of the country and were getting angry and threatening to rebel. They wanted their own state and were not getting it, so they were getting mad quickly.