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Apartheid in South Africa

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by

Sarah Lee

on 20 July 2014

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Transcript of Apartheid in South Africa

Apartheid in South Africa
The Background of Apartheid
The Dutch East India Company, in 1652, had stopped in Southern Africa to set up a base to gather resources for other ships on their way to India. Van Riebeeck was whom signed the contract for the company as an employee in order to help serve in the first place.
This is, partly, how the whites started to invade South Africa.
By 1662, the population increased with 250 white settlers, some Germans but mostly Dutch, (mostly known as Boers and Afrikaners).
Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in a small South African village.
After he was expelled from his university, he escapes his prearranged marriage.
A year later, he started to attend African National Congress (ANC), political party, meetings.
Six years later, he was elected as a national secretary in the ANC Youth League (ANCYL).
Then he was elected as the president of the ANCYL in three years.
He helped the nation rise, to speak of freedom and to bring peace for the country, to make a stop to discrimination an apartheid.
However, he was arrested and charged for his violation towards the Suppression of Communism Act. He was accused to bending the
http://www.history.com/topics/apartheid

The Anti-Apartheid Movement
How The Rights Were Effected
References
http://www.nelsonmandela.org/content/page/timeline
Why The Rights Were Effected
The denial of the human rights came upon them simply because discrimination was what the Whites believed in. As the law influence the nation, people were forced to live with the fact that they weren't equal. However, of course, most black South Africans were very unsatisfied of their enforced lifestyle. They protested, created campaigns
In the Beginning
The Laws
This is the map of Africa. The larger circle represent the whole of South Africa, and the smaller outlines Cape Town -where the Whites first landed.
South Africa is the country where the system of the Apartheid began. When the company owned by the Dutch began to stop by for resources, more and more Whites soon began to immigrate and settle in.
Where it Began
This graph shows how unfair the laws were through the Apartheid and it's discrimination.Obviously the 'Blacks' did not earn as much as the 'Whites'.
In 1950 the Apartheid began classifying each individuals by their skin colour into 'Bantu' (Black South Africans), 'Coloured' (mixed races), and 'White'.
The Rights That Have Been Denied
Article no. 1
All human beings are born free and equally. We have the right to our thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way.
Black South Africans were not born in freedom, and clearly they weren't treated equally, because of their differences.
For example: due to their skin colour, from birth, they were all discriminated by the whites. The Blacks were forced to be slaves, they were treated like animals!
http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/
Article no. 2
The right to no discrimination. Every person is to be treated same, no matter what race, sex, appearance and any other differences.
We are all born free and equally.
Article no. 2
The right to no discrimination
Article no. 4
Article no. 1
To no slavery
Article no. 6
The rights to your rights
Article no. 13
The freedom to travel, move
Article no. 16
http://www.youthforhumanrights.org/what-are-human-rights/universal-declaration-of-human-rights/articles-1-15.html
To marriage and family
Article no. 4
No slavery. Everyone has the right to no slavery. Nobody is to make us a slave, nor we do not have the right to make others our slave.
Apartheid
Apartheid is an Afrikaans word meaning "being apart."-which symbolised each race being apart; separate. The system began in 1948, when the Afrikaners' Nation Party won the election, which included the range of racism. This separated all races in South Africa.
Eg. The 'Bantus' were being treated as slaves by the Whites when they moved into the land. They were used as slaves.
People protesting against apartheid for their freedom of discrimination
http://overcomingapartheid.msu.edu/image.php?id=65-254-E7
The power of the whites were extreme. In 1950, even the marriages, between Boers and the African people, were banned. Because of this discriminating law, there were separation between families -as in some cases, parents were to be classified differently from their children.
April 6 1652, Van Riebeeck landed on Cape, and began setting up for supplies and resources.
There were signs all over, addressing each race separately. Most signs represented the Blacks in an offensive manner.
Article no. 6
The rights to your own rights. Everyone has the right to keep hold of their own human rights. No one is to take your rights away from you.
Due to the forceful laws and it's environment around them, they didn't receive any opportunity to get the hold of their human rights.
Women protesting for their 'no slavery' rights.
This girl is experiencing no freedom whatsoever. This image expresses how trapped and depressed the black African girl is, and how peaceful the white baby is.
People protesting against apartheid, fighting for their rights.
Article no. 13
The freedom to movement and travel. Everybody is to have the right to freely move and travel at their own will.
eg. black South Africans were forced to move out of their homelands and farms in order to fulfill the Whites' needs. For 33 years, from 1961 to 1994, about 3.5 million people were forced out of their homes.
Article no. 16
The right to marriage and family. To love and marry who you truly love.
eg. Marriage was banned between the different races from 1950.
'Man moving furniture for collection by the government, during a forced removal.'
http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/suppression-communism-act-no-44-1950-approved-parliament
Nelson Mandela 'revisits' his prison in Robben island.
The Anti-Apartheid Movement is a campaign that began in 1960-1994, by to help end apartheid in South Africa.
People protesting, supporting the campaign against apartheid.
Full transcript