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The Tropical Savanna

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by

Monica Zimmerman

on 23 September 2012

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Transcript of The Tropical Savanna

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli The Tropical Savanna Between latitude 15° North and 30 degrees S and longitude 15 degrees W and 40° West Latitude and Longitude Location Climate/Abiotic Factors Highly Specialized to survive... Animals Drought Having long-tap roots
Trunks that store water
Leaves drop off during winter to conserve water Fire Only 10% die
Fire spreads rapidly because the plants are highly flammable
Trees survive the fires by having thick bark Covers half the surface of Africa, and parts of Australia, South America, and India
Largest biome in southern Africa
Altitude: Sea Level - 2,000 m Temperature Dry Season
93 degrees Rainy Season
61 degrees Precipitation Rainfall:
235-1,000mm per year
Enough rainfall prevents upper layer of biome from dominating Frost:
0 to 120 days per year Soil Every geographical and soil type Seasons Dry Season Rainy Season With two seasons supply of food can be very low and high at times Organisms Plant Life Examples Biggest type of plant life:
wild grasses
Other plants:
Gum arabic
Baobab
Bermuda grass
Candelabra tree
Whistling thorn average of about 4 inches of rain
no rain between December and Februray
cooler weather but still about 70 degrees average of about 15 to 25 inches of rain
very hot and humid
afternoons of summer rain pours downs for hours Adaptations Examples Small Animals Beetles
Grasshoppers
Termites Large Animals Lions
Leopards
Deer
Elephants
Zebras
Kangaroo Long legs to migrate
Burrow underground to avoid heat and raise young Works Cited http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/savanna_plant_page.htm
http://www.plantzafrica.com/vegetation/savanna.htm
http://bioexpedition.com/savanna-biome/

http://kids.nceas.ucsb.edu/biomes/savanna.html Trees Not many trees because of lack of rainfall
Only individual trees or small groves by ponds
Acacia trees have leaves high off ground that giraffes consume and store water between bark and middle of tree pictures from Prezi search By:
Rachel Loy,
Grace Wehner,
&
Monica Zimmerman
Full transcript