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Passive & Active Voice

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Rachel Parejko

on 21 February 2013

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Transcript of Passive & Active Voice

Voice Voice can be either passive or active. Ms. Parejko dropped the pen on the floor. The pen was dropped on the floor by Ms. Parejko. Essential Question: What are passive and active voice? SWBAT: Recognize passive and active voice.
Rewrite sentences from the active voice to the passive voice.
Rewrite sentences from the passive voice to the active voice.
Compose original sentences in the passive and active voice. In order to determine whether a sentence is written in the passive or active voice, first identify the subject. Once you have identified the subject, determine whether the subject is doing the acting or being acted upon. If the subject is acting, the sentence is active. If the subject is being acted upon, the sentence is passive. Practice: I made a delicious birthday cake. What is the subject? Is it an active participant in the sentence? A delicious birthday cake was made by me. Passive verbs can't stand alone. They need a form of the helping verb, "to be." Examples of "to be" forms: have been sitting, was made, has been running, is being closed, will be told Even more practice: Ms. Parejko closed a book. A book was closed by Ms. Parejko. The cow jumped over the moon. The moon was jumped over by the cow. Anthony was kissed by Samantha. Samantha kissed Anthony. Game Time! So... when should I use passive and active voice in my writing? George Orwell once said,
“Never use the passive voice where the active is possible.” Active voice can make writing clearer and more interesting. Passive voice can be confusing, less convincing, and can provide less detail than active voice. Which of these sentences do you think is more clearly written?

“We have been asked by your home insurers to obtain your written confirmation that all of their requirements have been completed by yourself.”

“Your home insurers have asked us to obtain your written confirmation that you have completed all of their requirements.” Which of these sentences do you think sounds clearer?

Why did the chicken cross the road?

Why was the road crossed by the chicken? How do you think this applies to your writing? So... Is there ever a time when the passive voice is more appropriate? Generally speaking, passive voice is appropriate when the writer wants to draw attention to the passive object- the noun that is being acted upon. Example: “An exciting program was aired by our local television station.” It is up to you to decide when to use passive and active voice in your own writing. Keep in mind that varied sentence structure is a valuable method for improving the quality of your writing. When you have mastered passive and active voice, you will have the ability to make your writing more powerful, convincing, and interesting to read. Check for understanding: How well do you understand passive and active voice? 1. I do not understand anything about passive and active voice.
2. I know the definition of passive and active voice, and I can tell the difference between passive and active voice.
3. I know the definition, I can tell the difference between passive and active voice, and I can rewrite sentences in the passive and active voice.
4. I understand everything that we have learned about passive and active voice and I could teach someone about it. Ten minute free write:
Think about this quote and whether or not you agree with it. Do you think that the active voice should always be used in your writing? Can you think of a situation where passive voice might be more appropriate? As a general rule, you should try to use the active voice as often as possible. Talk in your groups about how what we've learned about passive and active voice might apply to your writing assignments.
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