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History Of a Computer

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Tanishk Nalamolu

on 8 January 2014

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Transcript of History Of a Computer

Thank You For
Watching My
Presentation
History Of A
Computer

By: Tanishk Nalamolu

Technology has been evolving since its first apparition. It has made human community to perform different tasks and make it simpiler
Laptop= Portable Computer
There are pros and Cons
to everything, so...
Present
Nowadays we have a huge range of computers, which use different operating systems (O.S);
Collection of software
Control computer hardware resources
Provides services for programs.
What Is A Computer?
Laptops
Sketches
-electronic device for storing and processing data
- Conventionally, a computer consists of at least one processing element, typically CPU
-programmed to carry out a finite set of arithmetic or logical operations.
Nowadays We Think Of A Computer As A...
Scientific Definition
We Might Think All Computers Are like This but Technology changes Over The years, and technology was way different back then
All Computers Arent this Light, Portable and thin.
MacBook Air
Created By: Steve Jobs( Apple. Inc)
Windows 8
Stuff Never used to look this good, easy to work with and Organized
The Definition Of A "Computer" As we know it Changed In The Mid 2000's
Did You Know?
Nowadays we use it as a General All purpose System.

Before It used To be reffered to as amathematical Device
One Way How math Can lead To One of The Most Important Creations Of All Time
2600 BC
The Abacus Was an early Aid For Mathematical Computations. Its Only Value Is that it aids the memory of the human performing the calculation
1679
Binary Systems
Leibnitz Creates the binary system of Counting Used at the Core Of Computer Systems
Abacus
NOT NECESSARY TO WATCH
7 min video on HOW BINARY NUMBERS WORK, Helped me understand
What they are
Nice Hair, right
Trendy Fashion In
those days
Technology
It is used in many aspects of our lives like:
Education
Leisure
Work
Transports
Health
Home Tasks
1600's
The inventions of mechanical adding
machines and slide rules
Vacuum
First Generation Computers used Vacuum Tubes
These Computers were:
Huge
Expensive
Could Only Solve
One Problem
At A Time
Used Machine
Language For
Computing
1913
1960's
Transistors
The second generation used transistors
Transistors made computers:
1936-1941
Konrad Zuse: Z Computer
Smaller
Cheaper
More Energy Efficient
Also made computers to overheat, which would eventually damage the computer
1642
Pascaline
He invented the pascaline to help his father count taxes as he was a tax collecter.The pascaline consisted of eight moveable dials that added up to eight figured long sums.
Created by: Blaise Pascal, A french mathematician at 18 years old
The first automatic calculating device.
Konrad Zuse Creations Of The computer
1936- Zuse creates the Z1, the first working digital and binary computer used it to explore several groundbreaking technologies in calculator development: floating-point arithmetic, high-capacity memory and modules or relays operating on the yes/no principle. Zuse's ideas
1939- Zuse completed the Z2, the first fully functioning electro-mechanical computer.
1941- Zuse compleed the Z3 This was the world's first electronic, fully programmable digital computer based on a binary floating-point number and switching system.
All of them are Basically the same design
Eniac
The Eniac(Electronic numerical intergrator and computer) First general purpose stored-program electronic computer.It was made by John Mauchly and John Eckert.It was used in the army to calculate artillery.
1945
1971
Intel Creates its First Micro-Proccessor
1969
ARPAnet
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET),was the world's first operational packet switching network, the first network to implement TCP/IP, and the progenitor of what was to become the global Internet.
Faggin, Hoff & Mazor
All Computers nowadays
Use This.
The World's First Available Dynamic RAM Chip.
1970
Intel 1103 Computer Memory
1974-1975
The First Consumer Computer
Scelbi & Mark-8 Altair & IBM 5100 Computers
1983
The first GUI (graphical user interface)
personal computer wih a mouse.
Microsoft Launches Windows
1985
A combination of pagemaker, Makintosh and laser printers begin desktop publishing revolution using personal computers.
Adam Osborne
Osborne 1
1981
First Laptop
Founded Osborne Computers
Weighed 11kg(approx)
1,370 euros (approx)
Had a 12.7 cm screen
Collection Of bundelled
Software programs
Modem Port
Battery Pack
Android
BSD
iOS
Linux
Mac OS X
Microsoft Windows
Most Common types of operating systems
Advantages
Disadvantages
Computers
Saves A ton of storage space, Imagine the waste of paper if all data was printed!
Improve our daily lives! Help us write all types of documents. Way better than the older generation Type writers. We dont have to worry about making mistakes
Computers can also calculate and process information faster than a human! Nowadays we can search up almost anything on the internet.
We can use it for liesure time and can be entertaining
Can be bad for our eyesight, the bright light for a long time can harm our eyes.
Can be a threat to young users there may be violent games and etc.
You can turn into a computer
addict. Which can be very addicted
Computers can break,
so your saved data can be lost.
Future
Well our future will change drastically and be even more innovative with the new type of technologies.
Many companies are already trying to make their products ahead, for example: Apple claims that they are 2 years in the future
I think the future technology of a computer will have:
- Touch screen keyboard
- 3-D display
- Much more hands on
- Feeling the experience
1987-1989
:)
Timeline
From : 2600 BC- 2000+
Technology In 1983
Video shows
cool technologies of future
Releases windows 1.0(now there is windows 8)
CD-roms created and can store up to 270,000 pages of paper
The number of fax machines doubles to 2.5 million units
The number of computers worldwide reaches 100 million!
Tim Berners invents the Word Wide Web
1990-1991
Computer Companies introduce notebook computers
1993-1995
At the start of 1993 the web had 130 sites
American Online and Delhi started to connect their priorietary emails systems to the internet
Laurence Canter sent the first Spam E-mail- and lost his job :(
The number of U.S homes with one or more personal computer got at 38 million in 1995
1998-2000
Google opens in a garage and is recognized a top 100 websites
60% of U.S homes own atleast one computer
The lovebug virus infects 2.5 million pc`s and causes approximately 8.7 billion dollars in damage!
2001
Apple releases the ipod which became the most popular mp3 player in history! Plus opening The iTunes store to distribute music content lead to a disruptive and sweeping change in the music industry.
Wikipedia beomes the most popular general reference site on the web!
2003-2004
Intel incorporated WI-FI(wireless internet recieving capability)
Google indexed more than 8 billion pages on the web!
Facebook(limited to Harvard students only) started in 2004
2005-2006
Youtube, the first video sharing website came in 2005 and has grown to one of the most popular sites on the web
Did You Know
Youtue used more Banwidth in 2010 than the whole internet did in 2000
Twitter, the micro blogging site opened with 140 max character limit per message
iTunes downloade its billionth file in 2006
2007
Apple introduces tthe Iphone revolutionizing the mobile phone industry. More than 74 million sales in 4 years. First Smartphone
2010
Apple creates the Ipad, another revolution in portable ``Tablet`` computer
2011
Amazon releases the Kindle fire tablet comuter/ereader and sells over 25 million in 3 months!
2012
The number of smartphone worldwide reaches 1 billion, this took 14 years and it is estimated it will take 3 years to get 2billion smart phones
Googel releases GoogleDocs providing free web spreadsheets and ord proccessing data
Did You Know
There were more people with mobile phones that have running water or toothbrushes
Skype Provided high-definition video conferencing
There are more than 600,000 iphone/ipad apps, and more than 5.6 million are downloaded daily
There are more than 800 million facebook members
Tablet computers become the fastest adopted technology hardware
Full transcript