Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks


No description

Nora Wilson

on 31 January 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse


Spanish Commands In Spanish II, you learned that commands are used when ordering, or telling someone to do something. You learned to conjugate a verb in the Present tense for "usted" (the formal "you"), but you're really applying it to "tú" (the informal "you").

Compra (tú) el anillo.
(You) Buy the ring.

Escribe (tú) la tarea.
(You) Do the homework. Remember that Spanish has both a formal and an informal style of speech (tú/Ud.). This distinction applies to commands.

Compre Ud. el anillo.
Buy the ring. (formal)

Compra (tú) los dulces.
Buy the candy. (familiar)

Remember, formal speech is generally used to be polite or to express respect. Informal, or familiar, speech is used among friends, coworkers, relatives, or when addressing a child. So remember! ... the "tú" commands use the "usted" form, not the tú form!

Following are more examples of commands use three regular verbs: hablar, comer, and escribir.

Habla (tú) más lentamente.
(You) Speak more slowly.

Come (tú) la cena.
(You) Eat the dinner.

Escribe (tú) la carta.
(You) Write the letter. Let's see what happens when you command someone NOT to do something....

No cuentes tus beneficios.
Don't count your blessings.

The verb contar has a stem change in the present tense, where the -o changes to -ue in all forms except for "nosotros" and "vosotros". So ordinarily, you would say, "tú cuentas" (you count). But when making a "tú command" negative, you have to change the vowel of the ending so that the A in an -AR verb changes to E and the E or the I of -ER and -IR verbs change to A.

No hables más lentamente.
Don't speak more slowly. Compare the affirmative informal (tú) commands with the negative informal (tú) commands:

Affirmative: Cuenta tus beneficios.
Count your blessings.
Negative: No cuentes tus beneficios.
Don't count your blessings.

Affirmative: Come rápidamente.
Speak more slowly.
Negative: No comas rápidamente.
Don't speak more slowly. Irregular Commands ("tú")

Remember also, that in Spanish II you learned eight irregular "tú commands"...

decir - di
salir - sal
hacer - haz
ser - sé
ir - ve
tener - ten
poner - pon
venir - ven Using Object Pronouns with Commands

With all affirmative commands, the object pronouns are attached directly to the end of the imperative form of the verb.

Compre Ud. el anillo.
Buy the ring.

Cómprelo Ud.
Buy it.

Traiga Ud. las cartas.
Bring the letters.

Tráigalas Ud.
Bring them.

REMEMBER! When you write a negative command using pronouns, the pronouns are NEVER attached.
Compre (Ud.) el anillo becomes "Cómprelo" in the affirmative command and "No lo compre" in the negative command! http://www.studyspanish.com/practice/commrev1.htm http://www.studyspanish.com/practice/commrev1.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MI7ij3v6S88 http://www.languagebyvideo.com/video.php?videoId=829 Now let's see what happens to these irregular verbs... You will recall that six of these are "yo-go" verbs. In other words, the yo form of the Present tense has a "go" in it! Yo pongo, yo digo, etc. We will use this form to create the stem of the negative tú commands for these irregular verbs. You will then attach the same endings as you did for the affirmative command as follows:

Decir (to say): di (+) no digas (-)
salir (to go out): sal (+) no salgas (-)
Venir (to come): ven (+) no vengas (-)
Poner (to put): pon (+) no pongas (-)
Hacer (to do): haz (+) no hagas (-)
Tener (to have): ten (-) no tengas (-)
Ser (to be): sé (+) no seas (-)
Ir (to go): ve (+) no vayas (-)

You have to memorize this. There is no other way around it! Fortunately, there are few verbs like these! The following endings need to be memorized for Affirmative and Negative Usted and Ustedes Commands:

Infinitive Ending Usted Affirmative/Negative Endings Ustedes Affirmative/Negative Endings

– AR –e –en
Example: hablar Ud. hable Ustedes hablen
no hable no hablen

– ER –a –an
Example: comer Ud. coma Ustedes coman
no coma no coman

- IR –a –an
Example: escribir usted escriba Ustedes escriban
no escriba no escriban Practica un poco ahora...
Full transcript