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Daily Life in Mesopotamia

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Leah Williams

on 3 September 2015

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Transcript of Daily Life in Mesopotamia

Social Classes & Jobs
Daily Life in Mesopotamia
The people of Mesopotamia were divided into Social Classes. Which was a way of categorizing people based on what job they had, what the owned, and their relationship to the leaders.
Some common jobs for the people of Mesopotamia were
priests, merchants, farmers, and artisans (metal, stone, wood, pottery.
Mesopotamia had ideal land for farming.
The Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers often flooded, making the land between them a floodplain and very fertile. Hints the name, the Fertile Crescent.
Mesopotamian's developed an irrigation system to direct the water from the rivers where they wanted it to go.
Homes
Each family whether rich or poor, owned their own home.
Most homes had 3 stories.
The first floor was an entry way and courtyard, where the children played. And a place to cook meals.
The next two stories were where the families lived. They contained living rooms and bedrooms.
The roof the the houses were flat and often used as another floor. If the weather was nice people would cook and eat on their roofs.
The houses were made out of sandstone blocks or mud bricks.
In poorer areas families shared outside walls to cut down on cost.
Richer families' homes stood alone.
The houses were built clustered around the Ziggurat to make it easy to go the the temple.
The Sumerians were the first to develop an actual written language. We call that language Cuneiform.
Cuneiform
Religion
The people of Mesopotamia were very religious.
They were polytheistic (polytheism) which means they had
They believed that what ever happened good or bad was because of the gods.
They worked very hard to keep their gods happy, which wasn't easy because they worshiped hundreds of them!
In the center of each Sumerian city was a Ziggurat or temple.
They believed that the gods lived in the sky and they needed to be near for the gods to hear them.
The Ziggurat was the tallest building in the city.
Ceremonies were held on the roof the the Ziggurat each day and people brought offerings to the gods there.
Schooling
Since the Mesopotamian's recorded everything, the main reason they sent their children to school was to learn to read and write.
Only boys were allowed to go to school.
Girls stayed home to learn to cook and sew. Girls were able to learn to read and write, but had to learn at home.
The children in Mesopotamia were taught to respect every adult.
School was tough. Children could be beat for bad grades or bad behavior.
Inventions
First written language, Cuneiform
Wheels
Number system based on 60
Plow
Irrigation
Written set of laws
Sailboat
Chariot
Checkers
The first form of writing done with wedge shaped sticks known as a stylus on to a damp clay and left to dry.
The Sumerians kept record of everything, such as trade. Written records were very important to them.
They carved into clay tablets using a stiff reed called a stylus.
a belief in many gods.
An important structure in a Sumerian city, thought to be dwelling places for the gods.
People in certain classes did certain jobs and received certain pay.
This is known as
Division of Labor.
Floodplain:
An area of low flat land along a stream or river that may flood.
A floodplain has both pros and cons.
The Fertile Crescent is a curved piece of land which includes land in between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. This land is ideal for farming.
Social Classes & Jobs
Continued
Full transcript