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Modernism and the KKK

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Ella Vorenberg

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Modernism and the KKK

The 1920s: Modernism and the KKK Jazz, Prohibition, and American Conservativism KKK in American Memory In the years after Reconstruction, a series of local groups began terrorizing the South, using violence to keep black southerners from voting and exercising their constitutional rights. In large part this is how the Klan has been remembered The Klan of the 1920s took a new approach The Klan, refounded in 1921, gained up to five million members at its peak
Klan chapters were tightly organized on the national level
Affiliated groups like the Women of the Ku Klux Klan and the Junior Klan incorporated the whole family
Community events like barbeques and baseball games were common occurrences Threats to the Klan Way of Life Drinking
African Americans
Independent women
Youth culture
Communists Jazz American Classical Music The first recorded Jazz appeared in 1917 in New York City by the Original Dixieland Jass Band and produced by Victor Records. There were two tracks: Livery Stable Bules and the Dixieland Jass Band One Step Jazz music was created specifically for dancing and the tradition is closely related to the dance it inspired. The Senate proposed the Eighteenth Amendment, prohibiting all alcoholic beverages) on December 18, 1917
The amendment was ratified on January 16, 1919 and put into effect on January 17, 1920: thus beginning the PROHIBITION.
A significant stop along the ride to the prohibition was the National Prohibition Act, otherwise known as the Volstead Act, which was established on October 28, 1919. But first a few facts before we head to the party.... Purposes of the Volstead Act:
to prohibit intoxicating beverages
to regulate the manufacture, sale, or transport of intoxicating liquor
to ensure an ample supply of alcohol and promote its use in scientific research and in the development of fuel, dye and other lawful industries and practices, such as religious rituals Bootleggers, Rum Runners, Beer Barons, And on the other side of things.... & the underground land of speakeasies. The 20's drinking in revolt and dancing into modernism! And so it began... Now for the goodies! Bootlegging:
the smuggling of alcoholic beverages, also known as rum-running. Speakeasies:
an illegal bar where customers were expected to “speak easy” (softy!), a secretive underground hideaway, the replacement to the pre-prohibition saloon. Both bootlegging and speakeasy were extremely profitable. $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Though, for obvious reasons, also rather risky. For the sake of concealment, often speakeasies had passwords, entry cards (like those featured below), or secret signals (such as a red flower!) for customers to gain access. By 1925, there was anywhere from 30,000 to 100,000 speakeasies in New York City alone. So, though the prohibition was put into effect to reduce crime (among other things), it had the opposite impact... While often great fun, the existence of speakeasies--and the bootleggers that fed the parties--led to an extreme increase of crime in gang rivals. As songwriter Hoagy Carmichael put it, the 1920s came in "with a bang of bad booze, flappers with bare legs, jangled morals and wild weekends." And F. Scott Fitzgerald called it a time when "the parties were bigger, the pace was faster, the buildings were higher, the morals looser." So clearly, the speakeasies played a significant role in the "roar" of the twenties... Just as JAZZ played a significant role in speakeasies! MacLean, Nancy. Behind the Mask of Chivalry: the Making of the Second Ku Klux Klan. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Print.
"bootlegging." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 10 Oct. 2012.
Bouchet, Mai. "Flapper Slang." Flapper Slang: Talk the 1920s Talk. KCTS 9, 8 Aug. 2011. Web. 11 Oct. 2012.
Felten, Eric. "Speakeasies With a Twist." The Wall Street Journal, 14 Apr. 2007. Web.
Poholek, Catherine H. "Prohibition in the 1920s." GCSE Modern World History. Johnandclare.net, 1998. Web. 11 Oct. 2012.
"The Birth of a Speakeasy." Maverick Theatre. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2012.
Henderson, Paula. "1920s' Prohibition: Moonshine, Bootleggers, and Speakeasies." 1920s' Prohibition: Moonshine, Bootleggers, and Speakeasies. Vintage Periods, n.d. Web. WORKS CITED: Following the prohibition, crime EXPLODED into an empire and by the mid-twenties people in the United States were drinking stronger and faster than before... And often, as one would expect, enjoying themselves in the process.... Cheers to illegal booze!
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