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Child Soldiers in Mali

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Nick Osborn

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of Child Soldiers in Mali

What are they used for?
Child soldiers are used for 3 main purposes.
The Red Army
Child Soldiers in Sudan
The Aftermath
Child soldiers are punished for crimes they committed while in the army. Even thought they were brainwashed and forced to do things or else they would die, they are still harshly punished. Former child soldiers were even sentenced to death for crimes they committed while they were soldiers.
How are they dealt with after combat?
Child Soldiers
A child soldier, according to the internationally agreed upon definition, is "any person below 18 years of age who is, or who has been, recruited or used by an armed force or armed group in any capacity, including but not limited to children, boys and girls, used as fighters, cooks, porters, messengers, spies or for sexual purposes. It does not only refer to a child who is taking or has taken a direct part in hostilities."
The Facts
There have been child soldiers as young as 11 documented in the Sudan within the past five years.
As of 2004, it was estimated that there were a total of 17,000 children involved with government forces, allied militias, and opposition groups.
What can we do?
UNICEF has provided relief for thousands of children that were condemned to Sudan and to other countries that are influenced by the regimes of the child soldiers. In the airlift of the child soldiers out of Sudan, there were two groups of people. There were those who had training, but had not seen combat, and ones who had training and who had lived through traumatic and devastating experiences.
Child Soldiers
How did it begin?
In the early 1980's the rebel army in Sudan started to recruit children as young as 12 to fight in the Red Army. For the first few years, the Red Army was massacred. The Generals in the Red Army fed the children lies. Told them that they would be the "seeds of the nation". Alas, that was not so.
How can we
How did it
All get started?
As well as being forced to fight in Rebel groups such as the LRA, the Sudan is one of only ten nations on earth that allows children into their military.
There are an estimated 250,000 child soldiers in the world today. 60% are male and 40% female.
Used as soldiers and as front line attackers
Used in support, for things such as porters or spies
Used for political advantage, human shields or propaganda
Full transcript