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Narmada Bachao Andolan

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Nandita Seshadri

on 14 October 2012

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Transcript of Narmada Bachao Andolan

An overview Narmada Bachao Andolan Narmada is social movement consisting of tribal people, adivasis, farmers, environmentalists and human rights activists against the Sardar Sarovar Dam being built across the Narmada river, Gujarat, India. History Mobilised against this development Purpose Initiated by Medha Patkar People involved - Medha Patkar 1990 - Baba Amte left Anandvan to join Medha Patkar's Narmada Bachao Andolan Baba Amte On Friday, April 14, 2006, Aamir Khan participated in the hunger strike since March 29 put up by the Narmada Bachao Andolan committee, after the government’s decision to raise the height of the Narmada dam.
“As a concerned Indian citizen, I have come here to lend my support to these poor Adivasis who will lose their land and will be displaced from their homes if the height of the dam is raised.”’
Gave this demonstration good media coverage
Voiced his opinions freely and fearlessly.
“We should take up the cause for the betterment of those less fortunate and those who are being wronged. We must raise our voices for a cause that we believe in.”’ Aamir Khan "I am leaving to live along the Narmada... Narmada will linger on the lips of the nation as a symbol of all struggles against social injustice." Awards - United Nations Human Rights Prize Ramon Magsaysay award (1985) Templeton Prize (1990) Gandhi Peace Prize Moved to live among the tribals of the Narmada Valley in the mid-1980s - alerted them to the fate that awaited them with the dams Faced repression and has been arrested several times Undertook many Satyagrahas (pledge for truth) and long fasts Under pressure from the World Bank, the Gujarat government agreed to give a generous R&R package - denied it Declared that NBA would accept no package since NBA was opposed to obstructing the "natural" flow of rivers Name suggests that NBA is more obsessed with "saving" the river from human beings than protecting the interests of poor farmer Sardar Sarovar and Narmada Sagar - under construction since 1961.
Acc. to Narmada Bachao Andolan - the dams force the displacement of about a million people and affect many more, largely poor peasants and tribals.
Cause immense ecological damage through the inundation of forests, including prime habitats of rare species.
Resettlement and compensation - inadequate
Not the remotest prospect that the displaced people, the 'oustees', will be adequately resettled, nor that the ecological damage can be compensated for.
Real doubts that the dams will yield their projected benefits of hydropower, irrigation and drinking water. Created conflict of 2 opposing sides of development - one massively destructive of people and the environment in the quest for large-scale industrialisation the other consisting of replicable small-scale decentralised, democractic and ecologically sustainable options and activities harmoniously integrated with both local communities and nature In place of the dams, NBA calls for an energy and water strategy, based on improving dry farming technology, watershed development, small dams, lift schemes for irrigation and drinking water, and improved efficiency and utilisation of existing dams. Achievements Working to obtain compensation for people affected by dams which have already been built on the Narmada as well as opposing other dams in the Narmada Valley Helped tribal communities stop construction of the Upper Veda and Lower Goin dams A number of huge rallies and dam site occupations forced a halt to major work on the Maheshwar Dam and led the state government to establish an independent task force to review the dam Has helped establish a network of activists across the country - the National Alliance of People's Movements Displaced people from the Indira Sagar and Omkareshwar Dam stood in water for 15 days at Ghogalgaon Constant argument of the Madhya Pradesh government is that they don’t have any land to give to the oustees SUPREME COURT'S DECISION
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