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Migraines

Prezi presentation for Communications. Speach to inform about Migraines: What they are, helpful tips, facts, research and more.
by

Cally Ashton

on 10 June 2010

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Transcript of Migraines

Migraines MYTH: REALITY: A MIGRAINE IS JUST A BAD HEADACHE. MIGRAINE IS A DISEASE, WHILE A HEADACHE MAY ONLY BE A SYMPTOM. What's the difference between a headache and a migraine? Tension Headaches Sinus Headaches Cluster Headaches Migraines
Deep and constant pain in the cheekbones, forehead or bridge of the nose
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The pain usually intensifies with sudden head movement or straining
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Occurs with other sinus symptoms, such as nasal discharge, feeling of fullness in the ears, fever, and facial swelling
Episodic: < 15 Days a Month
Chronic: > 15 Days a Month Headache upon awakening
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Difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep
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Chronic fatigue
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Irritability
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Disturbed concentration
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Mild sensitivity to light or noise
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General muscle aching There are many different types of headaches: these are just a few that are common misdiagnoses with Migraines Sharp Pain that is usually one sided, but can be over the whole head and into the neck and sholders Pain has a pulsating or throbbing quality Moderate to intense pain affecting daily activities Sensitivity to light or sound Nausea or voimiting Visual disturbances or aura Attacks last four to 72 hours, sometimes longer Headache "Triggers" Medicine Research Tips & FAQs Symptoms Migraines vs. Headaches Now the symptom that is the most confusing is
it's described as:
Bright flashing dots or lights
Blind spots
Wavy or jagged lines
They are part of the phenomena that people feel before an oncoming migraine attack, this usually signifies other symptoms will come on soon. Also called aura. What causes migraines? A migraine is caused by abnormal brain activity, which is brought on by enviromental "trigger's" like smells, stress, and more. However, the exact chain of events remains unclear.

Scientists used to believe that migraines were due to changes in blood vessels within the brain. Today, most medical experts believe the attack actually begins in the brain itself, where it involves various nerve pathways and chemicals. The changes affect blood flow in the brain and surrounding tissues. * Alcohol
* Allergic reactions
* Bright lights
* Certain odors or perfumes
* Changes in hormone levels (in women)
* Changes in sleep patterns
* Exercise
* Loud noises
* Missed meals
* Physical or emotional stress
* Smoking or exposure to smoke
For some people many different food factors like:
* Any processed, fermented, pickled, or marinated foods
* Baked goods
* Chocolate
* Dairy products
* Foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG)
* Foods containing tyramine, which includes -
(red wine, aged cheese, smoked fish, chicken livers, figs, and certain beans)
* Fruits (avocado, banana, citrus fruit)
* Meats containing nitrates (bacon, hot dogs, salami, cured meats)
* Nuts
* Onions
* Peanut butter

Migraines happen in two major types:
¤ With aura
¤ With-out aura Migraine is most common between the 3rd and 6th decades of life in both men and women. However, migraine affects people of all ages, including children and the elderly. One-fifth of migraine sufferers get aura 20 minutes to an hour before their migraine attacks. Migraine is three times more common in women than men. Migraine affects 30% of women over a lifetime. Thirty-six million Americans, about 12% of the population, suffer from migraine headaches. The term "Migraine" while still commonly used for both the symptom that is the painful headache, its also used to for the neurological state of the brain. Preventative- Abortive- Other Treatments-
Usually for people with chronic migraines (1/week)
Goal is to lessen frequency and severity
Medication to prevent migraine can be taken daily and ranges from:



They work together with....

¤High Blood Pressure Medication ¤AntiSeizure Medication ¤Antidepressants ¤Antihistamines Used to prevent a migraine attack or to stop it once it starts.
Can be taken during although not as useful.
Usually limited to 2 doses in 24 hours.
Treatments range from "regular" pills, to injections, to dissolvable wafers.
Chemicals that specifically target serotonin.



Anti-nausea medications
Pain medications
Chiropractic Adjustment
Acupuncture
Botox
Surgery
Enviromental Changes (Quite, Dark, Cool)
Ice Pack on forehead, temple, neck.


Since no one fully understands what causes migraines, they cannot treat them effectively.


Just like triggers, treatments are very individual. They can be hit-and-miss leaving patients in pain without help. Keep a 'Migraine Journal' a record of when you get your attacks, and what caused them. Unusual cases such as Hildegard's visions and Alice in Wonderland syndrome intruge many about the aura phenomenon. Some people get the symptom of Migraine: aura, without the acutal headache attack. Those with migraine are more likely to have depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, other pain conditions, and fatigue.

People who have a history of experiencing an aura phase have been shown to be at an increased risk for stroke and heart attack. Many research studies actively looking for participents. Studies whether certain genes linked to Migraine. (Hereditary) Tries to find causes through effects of medications, and make improvement for new medications. Finds links between other medical problems like stroke, cardiovascular disease, and depression. Intense one-sided pain described as having a burning or piercing quality that is throbbing or constant
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Pain is located behind one eye or in the eye region, without changing sides
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Pain lasts a short time, generally 30 to 90 minutes. But, it can last from 15 minutes to three hours.
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The headache will disappear only to recur later that day
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Most sufferers get one to three headaches per day during a cluster period, usually at the same time of day
Pain typically on one side of the head
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Pain has a pulsating or throbbing quality
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Moderate to intense pain affecting daily activities
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Sensitivity to light or sound
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Nausea or vomiting
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Visual disturbances or aura
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Attacks last four to 72 hours, sometimes longer
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Exertion such as climbing stairs makes headache worse
Less than half of all migraine sufferers have received a diagnosis from their healthcare provider 70 - 80 % Have family history of Migraine.
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