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Events that led to Revolution
Transcript of Events that led to Revolution
Both Great Britain and France laid claim to the Ohio Valley. A piece of land, that stretched from the Ohio River to the Appalachians to the Mississippi River. The French sent troops to drive out the British which resulted in the British Declaring war.
Britain Wins the War leading to the Treaty of Paris
Britain sent more troops and supplies to the colonies and eventually won the war. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris which said Britain now owned most of Canada, all land east of the Mississippi River, and Florida.
King George Lied and said that all land west of the Appalachian Mountains belongs to the Native Americans. The British had lost so much money due to the war that they were making the colonists pay taxes. The colonists didn't pay taxes because they didn't like the idea of paying on the land they found.
The French and Indian War
The War was fought between the British and the French and witnessed the Americans joining forces with the British against the French and Indians.
The Stamp Act
The stamp act was another tax law. The stamp act made most paper items taxed,you would have a special stamp to show you paid taxes. A congress was held to try to stop the stamp act.
The Townshend Act
The Townshend Act was a new act that repealed the Stamp act.The Townshend act put taxes on items like tea, paper, and paint which were big items. Even though the Stamp act was repealed, the British parliament still wanted the colonists to have laws.
The Boston Tea Party
The British parliament gave monopoly to Britain's East India Company for tea. "A legal monopoly gives complete control of a good or service in an area to one person or group." Since the East India Company had monopoly they had control to over price and there the one group or person that can sell tea to the colonies. For a long time the colonists could not buy any tea at all. Since the colonists had no tea they boycotted until late November, three ships got to Boston with thousands of pounds of tea. On December 16, 150 members of the Sons of Liberty were dressed like people in the Mohawk tribe and went to the Boston Harbor. When the Sons of Liberty came, they boarded the ships and broken into 300 chest of tea and dumped in the the water.
The Coercive Act
The Boston Tea Party made the Leader of Britain furious. So in March the parliament made a new set a laws for the Massachusetts colonists. This was a punishment for dumping thousands of pounds of tea overboard. The new set of laws for the Massachusetts colonists was called the Coercive Act. This act made the colonists forced to follow unfair laws. Some of the laws were that the port was closed til the colonists paid for all the tea they had dumped into the water. If the colonists tried to get in the harbor there was a British navy blockade. Massachusetts was under control of the British General Thomas Gage. All town meetings had to be approved by him, colonists had to quarter British soldiers this meant they gave soldiers food and house keeping.
First Continental Congress
People in Britain were getting worried about all the trouble happening in the colonies for example the Boston Tea Party. William Pit a part of the British Parliament. He asked the British Leaders to take a gentler approach of governing the colonies. Lots of colonists afraid that Britain would take a stronger approach on them. On September, 1774 all the leaders of the colonies met in Philadelphia.They met there because it was the first meeting of this kind in North America. The Congress sent a request to the king of England to remind the king of colonists' right as a British Citizen. The letter said that the colonists had life and liberty, the right to assemble, and allowed to trial by jury. The Congress said that May 10, 1775, as the dead line for the parliament the respond. The Congress also voted to stop most of the trade with Britain, and to form an armies of some sort.
Lexington and Concord
The colonists in Massachusetts formed a military units very quick. Massachusetts was called Minutemen because they said they were ready to fight in one minute. On April 1775, General Gage Heard about Samuel Adams and John Hancock were going to meet in Lexington. General Gage also heard about the minutemen had weapons nearby Concord, so Gage sent 700 British soldiers over to Lexington and concord. The soldiers were planning to arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock (which were a part of the Sons of Liberty). The British wanted to be secret, but Paul Revere found out and quickly told John Hancock and Samuel Adams. So when the 700 British soldiers got there the minute men were waiting for them. No one know which side shot first, but when that happened everyone started shooting. 8 minute men were killed and some were wounded. The British then marched forward to Concord to find weapons if they could, but all the weapons were already moved.