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Montserrat Ordaz

on 20 November 2012

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Transcript of India

India South Asia.
Seventh biggest country in the world.
The second most populated.
Bounded by the Indian ocean on the south, the Arabian sea on the south west, and the bay of Bengal on the south east. Republic of India https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/flags/large/in-lgflag.gif http://finletargo.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/mapa-india.jpg?w=500 Shares Land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal and Bhutan the north-east, and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. It’s territorial extension is of about 3, 287, 263 km^2 or 1,269,219 square miles. Demography Total population: 1,210,193,442 people
Which makes 370.2People/Km^2,
31st place of people Density. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-2lclQWvNaTg/TpWz_NIrv_I/AAAAAAAACW8/ZSyvayAcgzY/s1600/population_india.jpg CAPITAL CITY New Delhi http://blog.infoviajero.es/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/New-Delhi.jpg New Delhi’s territorial extension is of about 1500 km^2, and it has a population of about 18,639,762 inhabitants. Bombay, Calcuta, Chennai and Bangalore.
Tourism points for people from around the world.
India is full of monuments, culture, art and an amazing variety of traditions. MAIN CITIES... http://www.calcuta.org/calcuta.jpg 72% of the population was Indo-Aryan, 25% Dravidian, 3% Mongoloid and other. Ethnic Groups http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/photos/india-ethnic-groups-1502.jpg The official languages are Hindi and English Coal (Fourth-largest reserves in the world)
Iron ore, bauxite and copper ore.
Gold, silver and Diamonds.
Manganese, Titanium, Natural Gas and Petroleum
In fact->several oil reserves in Bombay ->25% of the country’s demand. http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2012/05/29/article-2151326-135777AA000005DC-278_468x286.jpg Natural Resources There are 7 major lakes in India; from which the people of the banks survive. http://www.india.gov.in/ India is considered a Federal Westminster-Style Parliamentary Democratic Constitutional Republic. In this system the president of India is the head of State and the Prime minister is the head of government. http://www.indiatalkies.com/images/delhi-government-160159.jpg Two chambers of parliament in India,:
*Lok Sabha(House of the people).
-Elected by Voters
-5 years

*Rajya Sabha (Council of States).
-Elected by the elected members of State Legislative Assemblies.
-Permanent Body
3 powers, the Executive (President), the Legislative (Parliament) and the Judiciary (Supreme Court of India). The INC (Indian National Congress) PARTIES The (BJP) Bharatiya Janata Party. http://india.gov.in/uploads/uploaddetail/2011/Mar/parliament-main.jpg http://promiseofreason.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/manifesto.jpg There are about 300 other political parties in India due to it’size. The actual president is Pranab Mukherjee, elected at July 25, 2012. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/photo/15092754.cms The actual Prime Minister is, Manmohan Singh, elected at May 19 2004. http://www.topnews.in/files/ManmohanSingh.jpg67.jpg 50% of the villages have very poor socio-economic conditions Agriculture provides the principal means of livelihood for over 58.4% of India's population Contributes approximately one-fifth of total gross domestic product http://www.india.gov.in/ http://www.india.gov.in/ http://www.pbs.org/thestoryofindia/images/gallery/agriculture_main.jpg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_zG5Z06XgcEs/TIwNN6ZYQ1I/AAAAAAAAAGQ/kwsAD7cH5k0/s640/india-poor.jpg http://geography.about.com/od/obtainpopulationdata/a/indiapopulation.htm 17% of earth's population http://www.indexmundi.com/g/r.aspx?v=21000 Religion: Hindu 80.5%; Muslim 13.4%; Christian 2.3% Sikh 1.9% http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/India-ETHNIC-GROUPS.html 461 ethnic groups are recognized as Secluded Tribes Constitution recognizes 18 Indian languages, depending of the region http://adaniel.tripod.com/Languages2.htm Hindi has at least 13 dialects POLITICS http://www.india.gov.in/govt/parliament.php - http://www.india.gov.in/govt/parliament.php http://www.indiabook.com/india-information/indian-geography.html http://www.indiabook.com/india-information/indian-geography.html http://www.indiabook.com/india-information/indian-geography.html http://www.worldwide-tax.com/india/indmaincity.asp *1652 dialects http://www.indian-elections.com/partyprofiles/ *Political Party: INC *Political Party: INC http://www.indian-elections.com/partyprofiles/ http://www.indian-elections.com/partyprofiles/ Thank You India Manuel Ordóñez A01204900
Montserrat Ordaz A01201804
Sebastián Serrano A01204901
Juan Carlos Figueroa A01201805 India India India India India India India India 1.6 the size of México 48% of India is arable land 7,000 kilometers of coastline. Climate from desert to alpine, to tropical rainforests.
Mexico has 9,000 kilometers of coastline Kanchenjunga: 8,598 meters Pico de Orizaba: 5,700 meters Mountains México
people/km^2 Fun Facts *During the course of this presentation 1200 new Indians were born.

*The biggest diamond ever found was from India and half of it is now on the royal crown of the queen of England.

*India is the worlds largest English speaking nation.

*Pi was calculated in India.

*Shukriya http://www.baby-pictures.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/Indian_baby_style.jpg the 1.9 % of Sikhs in India amount more people than the total Jewish population of the world. 28 states and 7 union territories http://www.indianorphanages.net/images/india-political-map.gif The actual president is Pranab Mukherjee The actual Prime Minister is, Manmohan Singh South Asia.
Seventh biggest country in the world.
The second most populated. International
Commerce IMPORTS EXPORTS EXCHANGE RATES http://www.xe.com/currency/inr-indian-rupee?r=1 http://www.xe.com/currency/inr-indian-rupee?r=1 http://www.trademap.org/Country_SelProductCountry.aspx http://www.trademap.org/Country_SelProductCountry.aspx ECONOMY http://topnews.in/law/files/India-economy.jpg GDP growth (annual %) Inflation, consumer
prices (annual %) Present value of external
debt (current US$) India: $289.7 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Mexico: $210.8 billion (31 December 2011 est.)

NOTE: Figures in U.S terms not Mexican terms!

India: 6% of GDP
Mexico: 12% of GDP http://www.iamatechie.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/indian-currency-1-trillion_26.jpg Unemployment Rate Unemployment Rate Mexico http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG/countries/1W-IN-MX?display=graph http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG/countries/1W-IN-MX?display=graph http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG/countries/1W-IN-MX?display=graph http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG/countries/1W-IN-MX?display=graph http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG/countries/1W-IN-MX?display=graph HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX http://hdrstats.undp.org/es/paises/perfiles/IND.html http://hdrstats.undp.org/es/paises/perfiles/IND.html http://hdrstats.undp.org/es/paises/perfiles/IND.html http://hdrstats.undp.org/es/paises/perfiles/IND.html “Although India has steadily opened up its economy,
its tariffs continue to be high when compared with other
countries, and its investment norms are still restrictive.
This leads some to see India as a ‘rapid globalizer’
while others still see it as a ‘highly protectionist’
economy.” – World Bank Web.

Until the 90’s India was a closed economy with a average
tariffs of over 200%. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/EXTSARREGTOPINTECOTRA/0,,contentMDK:20592520~menuPK:579454~pagePK:34004173~piPK:34003707~theSitePK:579448,00.html -India-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement,

-Trade Agreements with Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldives,
China, and South Korea.

-India-Nepal Trade Treaty,

-Comprehensive Economic Cooperation

-Agreement (CECA) with Singapore.

-Framework Agreements with the Association of Southeast Asian
Nations (ASEAN), Thailand and Chile. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/EXTSARREGTOPINTECOTRA/0,,contentMDK:20592520~menuPK:579454~pagePK:34004173~piPK:34003707~theSitePK:579448,00.html http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/EXTSARREGTOPINTECOTRA/0,,contentMDK:20592520~menuPK:579454~pagePK:34004173~piPK:34003707~theSitePK:579448,00.html http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/EXTSARREGTOPINTECOTRA/0,,contentMDK:20592520~menuPK:579454~pagePK:34004173~piPK:34003707~theSitePK:579448,00.html Mexican Government Bonds: Mexico's Government Bond Yield for 10 Year Notes rallied 10 basis points during
the last 30 days which means it became more expensive for Mexico to borrow
money from investors. NOT A GOOD SIGNAL

During the last 12 months, Mexico government bond yield declined 0.89%.

Historically, from 2001 until 2012, Mexico Government Bond 10Y averaged 8.5%
reaching an all time high of 12.1% in September of 2001 and a record low of 5.0%
in July of 2012. http://www.tradingeconomics.com/mexico/government-bond-yield http://img.ehowcdn.com/article-new/ehow/images/a07/1k/va/relationship-between-inflation-bond-prices-800x800.jpg Indian Government Bonds: India's Government Bond Yield for 10 Year Notes declined 4
basis points during the last 30 days which means it became
less expensive for India to borrow money from investors. Good Sign.

During the last 12 months, India government bond y
ield declining 0.68 %.

Historically, from 1998 until 2012, India Government Bond 10Y
averaged 8.0 % reaching an all time high of 12.3 % in February
of 1999 and a record low of 5.0% Percent in October of 2003. http://indiawires.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/indian_rupee.png India Overview: With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the
world’s largest democracy. Over the past decade, the
country’s integration into the global economy has been
accompanied by impressive economic growth.
India has now emerged as a global player with
the world’s fourth-largest economy in purchasing
power parity terms. http://powervoter.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/India-Democracy.jpg Where is India headed in the short term? Recently, we have witnessed a slowdown in GDP growth
over the past year, this is likely to continue due to
the weakness in investment. Tighter macroeconomic
policies, slow growth in the core OECD countries and
worries about another global recession, are weighing
down growth for the sleeping giant that India holds
within its huge potential. http://www.altonivel.com.mx/assets/images/Actualidad/especiales/ocde-cuestiona-pruebas-de-solvencia.jpg The future for India: As India keeps growing at such a fast pace, and being one
of the biggest markets and economies in the world, new
challenges arise for the government.

An estimated $1 trillion is required to meet the country’s
resource needs over the next five years. Accordingly,
India is encouraging private participation in
infrastructure development. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_mb51DdEKXS0/SzZikf4G8uI/AAAAAAAAAPM/5Nn9xUuO9gs/s640/india.jpg The World Bank’s Country Strategy (CAS) for India for
2009-2012 focuses on helping the country to fast-track
the development of much-needed infrastructure and to
support the seven poorest states achieve higher
standards of living for their people http://www.greenpeace.org/india/ReSizes/OriginalWatermarked/Global/india/image/2009/8/india-s-future-hold-up-tiny-w.jpg http://data.worldbank.org/country/india#cp_fin http://data.worldbank.org/country/india#cp_fin http://data.worldbank.org/country/india#cp_fin http://data.worldbank.org/country/india#cp_fin COMPETITIVENESS Tata Motors Limited:The biggest automobile company in India.Leading commercial vehicles manufacturer in the country. One of the top 3 passenger vehicle manufacturers.

Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited: One of the biggest pharmaceutical companies in India, Producer of a huge range of affordable cum quality medicines.Continuous endeavor to enter the new global markets, They are offering value adding products as well. MNC'S Microsoft: Microsoft Corporation India Private Limited,
Working in close association with all the stakeholders
including the Government of India, the company is
committed towards the development of the Indian

Nokia Corporation:
Being one of the leading mobile companies in India.
Has been acquiring companies, which have got new
and interesting competencies and technologies
so as to enhance their ability of creating the
mobile world. http://business.mapsofindia.com/india-company/multinational.html The Most problematic Factors for doing
*Inadequate supply of infrastructure. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2012-13.pdf CORRUPTION Inefficient Government Bureaucracy International organisms to which it belongs: UNCTAD: United Nations conference on trade and development.
Organization Goal: Maximize the trade, investment and development opportunities and assist the countries in their efforts to integrate into the world economy. FAO: Food and Agriculture organization.
Organization Goal: International organization that leads efforts to defeat hunger. IMF: International Monetary Fund.
Organization Goal: Works to foster global monetary cooperation and secure financial stability and international trade. World Bank.
Organization Goal: Improve global economic stability and help in growth countries financially with economic support. ADB: Asian development Bank.Organization Goal: Serves as financial aid organization and economic support for the Asian countries, which would need the support. Focus in the development of their economies towards a healthy globalization. http://www.fao.org/docrep/U2200S/u2200s0n.htm Advantages for Business in India: Second largest Market in the world in terms of possible customers (1.2 billion people)

Huge potential for growth (has grown an average of 7% since 1997)

Over the next two decades India’s Middle Class will grow from 5% of the population to 40%.

Highly qualified professionals can help you run your business. 200 million internet users by 2014

More than half of the work force is in agriculture but that is about to change.

In 2001 285 million people lived in urban areas by 2020 there will be 700 million people living in urban areas.

India has an important technology and software development which it exports to the world. Positive Economic Outlook:

Young population

Increasing integration into the global economy

Cheap and qualified labor force

Minimum Wage: 115 rupees per day ($2.5)

Healthy public Finances:

Budget Defecit: -6.2%

GDP: $1.798 trillion *It is a stable free market oriented democracy.
*Low incident of Monopolies
*Market share is diversified into multiple small business owners for the most part especially in rural areas.
*Huge Labor force (487 million) High inflation (8.9% 2011 and 12% in 2010)

High interest rates

Lack of adequate infrastructure

India has a serious problem when it comes to providing electricity especially for the future.

DISADVANTAGES Extreme poverty about 68% of the population lives on less than $2 a day. And about 29% lives on less than $1 dollar a day.

Political instability when it comes to taking decisions for economic growth. CULTURAL FACTORS -País secular
*Muchas religiones y sectas religiosas.

*Sistema de castas, derivado de la religión Hinduista
*Discriminando a ciertos grupos de la sociedad
*El gobierno de India ha tomado acciones
*Oficialmente prohibido, pero culturalmente, sigue vigente. *Población vegetariana por razones religiosas.

Ambiente de negocios: menos estricto
*sin exigir un código de vestimenta muy formal
*Se aprecian los regalos y los saludos cordiales

*Numerosos idiomas.
*La constitución reconoce dieciocho
*Se utiliza el Hindi como idioma de negocios
e inglés. http://www.comercioexterior.ub.es/correccion/03-04/india/web/pags2/cultura_y_religion/AspectosculturalesinfluyentesalahoradehacernegociosenIndia.htm http://www.comercioexterior.ub.es/correccion/03-04/india/web/pags2/cultura_y_religion/AspectosculturalesinfluyentesalahoradehacernegociosenIndia.htm

Norte es montañoso y difícil de acceder, el oeste es desértico,
*País muy diverso en climas / causan estragos debido a la poca
infraestructura y organización de la India.

*La movilidad es un factor importante / país enorme, con sobrepoblación
*Ciudades que superan los 20 millones de habitantes,

*Mover mercancías de un lugar a otro en India puede ser mucho
menos efectivo y mas costoso que en otros países.
La impuntualidad en las citas de trabajo es de esperarse ya que
es impredecible el tráfico y el caos en las ciudades. Factores Geográficos

Su déficit fiscal se proyecta que sea de un 4.8% del Producto Interno Bruto para este año.
India planea recortar el déficit fiscal a 4.1% en el año siguiente. El año anterior alcanzó el 5.5% de déficit.
S&P actualmente tiene a India en la calificación BBB- a largo plazo y A-3 en el corto plazo.

La inflación es muy alta, con 8.9% en 2011 y 12% en 2012

FINANCIEROS La mayoría de la población pobre y rural de india no tiene acceso a financiamiento, a pesar de que india cuenta con una amplia red de bancos rurales. El gobierno está tomando medidas para facilitar el acceso a financiamiento por parte de los agricultores y la población rural en un esfuerzo por terminar con la pobreza. *Mano de obra muy barata, y en grandes cantidades.
*Tasa de analfabetización es una limitante,
triplica la tasa de China,
*Prefieren invertir en un lugar donde la población sepa leer y escribir
*Dominio del inglés (call centers de importantes compañías globales)

La mujer apenas se está integrando a la vida laboral en la India, comenzando en ciudades grandes como Mumbai o Delhi. LABORALES
*Leyes proteccionistas en contra de la globalización.
Bimbo, por ejemplo, no ha podido ingresar al mercado Indio
ya que el gobierno está protegiendo a los panaderos locales.

India es un país moderadamente proteccionista,
no está muy abierto a la globalización y en sus
calles aún predominan los puestos locales en
lugar de las grandes cadenas internacionales
de supermercados o una mayoría de franquicias. LEGALES http://www.inai.org.ar/sitio_nuevo/boletin_i2.asp?c=MONITOREO%20DEL%20PROTECCIONISMO http://www.docstoc.com/docs/8942301/MARCO-LEGAL-Y-REQUISITOS-PARA-HACER-NEGOCIOS-CON-LA http://www.docstoc.com/docs/8942301/MARCO-LEGAL-Y-REQUISITOS-PARA-HACER-NEGOCIOS-CON-LA http://www.docstoc.com/docs/8942301/MARCO-LEGAL-Y-REQUISITOS-PARA-HACER-NEGOCIOS-CON-LA
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