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Body Systems


Bailey Gordon

on 9 May 2011

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Transcript of Body Systems

The Reproductive system is responsible for the reproduction of a species. This system works with the Endocrine system to pass horomomnes to the body, the Nervous system, the Muscular system, and the Circulatory system. This helps to maintain homeostasis by keeping horomones balanced. The Skeletal system is the body's form of support, and also an aid in movement. This system works with the Muscular system for movement, the Immune system in the production of white blood cells (that aid in protection), The Integumentary for support, and the Nervous system for protection. This system helps maintain homeostasis by protecting the vital organs in the body and by providing structure and support to allow movement. Body Systems The Immune system works with the Integumentary system to protect against infection. It works with the Nervous system to fight attacks from viruses and such. The Immune system works with the Skeletal system, which makes white blood cells that aid in protecting the body against disease. It also works with the Circulatory system to get the white blood cells where they need to be to fight infection. One immune system disease is HIV. This is a disease that weakens your immune system. Some short term symptoms include fever, headache and sore throat. HIV can be transferred by exchange of bodily fluids, open wounds and other means. The Endocrine System controls the release of horomones in the body, and controlling growth and development. It woks with the Circulatory system to get the horomones where they need to be, it works with the Reproductive system to help in the reproductive process, the Nervous system to regulate a variety of things in the body, and the digestive system to produce insulin to maintain homeostasis. Another disease is Celiac disease. This disease (according to Sabina, she's my reference) causes your body to attack your small intestines when gluten is consumed. Some symptoms are stunted growth, abdominal pain, mental retardation, and hair loss. This disease is hereditary.
The immune system maintains homeostasis by fighting off infection and keeping you healthy. One endocrine system-related disease is Osteoporosis. This disease is the tendency for bones to become more fragile and break easier. This can be caused by a lack of estrogen as women go through menopause, or a lack of tesosterone in men as they age. This disease can be hard to catch unitil the person has suffered an injury from something like a minor fall. Another endocrine system disease is Addison's disease. This is caused when the adrenal glands produce an insufficent amount of steroid horomones (which aid in regulatiing blood sugar levels, helping fight infection and stress, and maintaining normal sexual drive. Symptoms of this disease are:
Muscle/joint pain
Gastrointestinal problems
Darkening of skin on hands, neck and hands
Low blood pressure
A craving for salt Bailey Gordon One disease that effects the Integumentary system is Athlete’s foot, which is a common fungal infection. It occurs in the skin between the toes and it becomes itchy and sore, cracking and peeling away.The infection received its name because the infection causing fungi grow well in warm, damp areas such as in and around swimming pools, showers, and locker rooms (areas commonly used by athletes).
EEEWYYYYYY!D: Now, on an equally-if-not-more disgusting note, another more commonly known integumentary disease is ACNE. The dreaded evil-almost-every-teenager-seems-to-have-it-thing. Increased levels of androgens (male hormones) cause glands to secrete an excessive amount of sebum into hair follicles. This stuff combines with dead skin cells that forms a plug that blocks the follicle. Bacteria invades the it, and weakened, the follicle bursts open, releasing the sebum, bacteria, skin cells, and white blood cells into the surrounding tissues, where a pimple forms.
Lovely, right?

The Circulatory System This system works with the Endocrine system to get horomones to where they need to be, the Digestive System and Respiratory system to transport nutrients and oxygen and such, and the Reproductive system to aid in the reproductive process. It maintains homeostasis by keeping keeping oxygen throughout the body and helping maintain balanced horomones and whatnot. Anemia is a disorder of the blood.It is the result of low red blood cells and hemoglobin. This disease can cause fatigue, pale skin and irregular heartbeat. Arrhythmia is a heart problem, identified by irregularity in the heart rhythm. Symptoms can be anywhere from very slow to fast heart rhythm. Arrhythmia can occur at birth or it can be an acquired problem. If the disease is acquired arrhythmia, it can occur at any stage of life.
The Nervous System controls all of the actions and things and thoughts that you do. It controls what you see, smell, taste, feel and hear. It works with the Skeletal and Muscle systems to control motion/reactions/senses. It works with the digestive system to let you know when and what your body needs. The nervous system also works with your Respiratory system, controlling your breathing and other invoulntary movements. It helps maintain homeostasis by sending signals throughout your body to do things that will keep you in balance.
Epilepsy is a commonly known nervous system disease. This disease can be identified by reoccuring seizures in a person. Siezures are an abnormal amount of activity in brain cells. Trauma, tumors and other things can cause a person to have seizures. Some symptoms or things that can indicate seizures are unconciousness, repetetive muscle spasms and more. Parkinson's Disease is a nervous system disease that effects motor control. It is generally a disorder of older age, occurring mostly after years 50+. It is not a "common" disease, but it affects around about 1 1/2 million Americans currently, and about 50,000 new cases are diagnosed annually.

Parkinson's Disease is a progressive degenerating disease which can lead to loss of neurons, (nerve cells in the brain) in some locations. This imbalance in the brain leads to symptoms of the diease, which can include tremors, rigidity, slowed movement and others.
The Muscular System The Muscular system is a major part in body movement, and also smaller things like blinking, breathing, writing, ect. It works with the Skeletal system for movement, the Nervous system to react to stimuli/touch, the digestive system to help break down food, and it also works with the respiratory (because lungs and the diaphragm move.) The muscular system aids in maintaining homeostasis by causing the body to shiver and shake when the internal temperature is too low. Another disease that effects the muscular system is Muscular Distrophy, a group of hereditary muscle diseases that weaken the muscles that move the human body. Some symptoms include:
Progressive muscular wasting
Poor balance
Drooping eyelids
Loss of bowel control
Scoliosis (curvature of the spine and the back)
Inability to walk
Frequent falls
Waddling gait
Calf deformation
Limited range of movement
Respiratory difficulty Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a syndrome with sudden pain/stiffness in the neck, shoulder and hip regions. This pain can be either sudden, or gradual, and can be caused by an inflammatory condition of blood vessels. Symptoms other than pain could be fatigue or lack of appetite, anemia, mild fever, or just an overall feeling of illness. The Integumentary system helps protect the body, regulate temperature and maintain homeostasis for the body. It works with the Endocrine system to maintain homeostasis by sweating when the body is too hot, it works with the Nervous system to react to touch. It works with the Excretory system to dispose of waste, and it also works with the Circulatory system because certain substances can enter the bloodstream through the capillary networks in the skin. The Excretory System The excretory system is responsible for removing liquid waste from the body and filtering blood. This system works with the Digestive system to obtain nutrients and get rid of excess substances, the Muscular system to help remove waste, the Nervous system both conciously and unconciously, the Circulatory system that provides blood in order for the body to function, and the Endocrine system. It helps to maintain homeostasis in the body by filtering blood and keeping toxins from the body.
Gout is a disease that occurs from an excess build up of uric acid, as the kidneys are unable to properly process it. This can cause joint pain and also kidney stones. Another excretory disorder is Kidney Stones.Kidney stones are hard masses that form in the urinary tract from crystals that have separated from the urine. The exact cause of kidney stones is unclear, but people with certain genetic disorders, kidney disorders or recurrent urinary tract infections have a higher risk of getting kidney stones. Some symptoms could include extreme pain, cramping in back/lower abdomen, nausea and/or vomiting. *A zombie for your enjoyment* Scoliosis is a side-to-side curve of the spine. This condition becomes apparent during adolescence. The cause of scoliosis is unkown, and the symptom is a noticeable curve of the spine. Most cases of this disease are pain free, but there are some that do cause back pain.
Another disease that effects the skeletal system is Osteoperosis. This is caused by a lack of calcium in bones, and bones can become thinner, more fragile and could even disappear all together. The Digestive system is responsible for the absorption of nutrients and digestion of food. The Digestive system works with the Muscular system to break up food, the Nervous system to control digestion (unconcious action), the Excretory system to remove waste from the body, and the Circulatory system to get nutrients around the body. This system helps maintain homeostasis by keeping your body balanced with nutrients and stuff like that. One disease that effects the digestive system is Heartburn. Chronic heartburn is a digestive disorder called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This is caused by gastric acid flowing from the stomach into the esophagus. Symptoms are obviously the pain or "burning" sensation that is felt. Ulcers are open sores or lesions. They are found in the skin or mucous membranes of areas of the body. A stomach ulcer is called a gastric ulcer and an ulcer in the duodenum is called a duodenal ulcer. Lifestyle, stress and diet used to be thought to cause ulcers. These factors may have a role in ulcer formation; however they are not the main cause of them. Scientists now know that ulcers are caused by hydrochloric acid and pepsin that are contained in our stomach and duodenal parts of our digestive system and that these acids contribute to ulcer formation.

The Respiratory system allows for breathing, the intaks of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide. This system works with the Muscular system to breath (diaphragm), the Nervous system to control the unconcious task of breathing, the Circulatory system to get oxygen to the blood vessels in the body, and the Immune system to help defend the body against infections and viruses.
The Respiratory system helps keep the body in homeostasis by providing oxygen to the blood. All of the parts of the body require oxygen and blood to perform their functions. One disease that effects the Respiratory System is lung cancer. This disease can be caused by smoking, exposure to Asbestos, lung diseases, Radon exposure and more. Some symptoms of lung cancer include cough, coughing up blood, wheezing, hoarsness, chest pains and shortness of breath. Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs that is caused by bacteria, viruses or chemical reactants. It's a serious infection/inflammation in which the air sacs in the lungs fill with pus and other liquid. Some symptoms of this disease could include chills, chattering teeth,
severe chest pain, high temperature
heavy perspiring, rapid pulse,
rapid breathing, bluish color to lips and nailbeds, confused mental state or delirium, and a cough that produces rust-colored or greenish mucus.

AIDS (Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome) is a disease a person can recieve when HIV destroys the body's immune system. Some symptoms include:
•rapid weight loss
•dry cough
•recurring fever or profuse night sweats
•profound and unexplained fatigue
•swollen lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
•diarrhea that lasts for more than a week
•white spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth, or in the throat
•pneumonia Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. The specific causes of this cancer remain unknown, but the primary risk factors seem to be age and family history. Symptoms of prostate cancer include frequent urination, nocturia (increased urination at night), difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine, hematuria (blood in the urine), and dysuria (painful urination).
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