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Progress or Decline

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Basim Addus

on 11 January 2016

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Transcript of Progress or Decline

The Great Depression & World War

Relief Camps
October 29, 1929 is when the stock market crash happened. Everything in the market was going down which made the investors sell their shares. This made the New York Stock exchange go into debt by $16 million. The stock market crash is what started the great depression. This was a decline for Canada because this made many Canadians lose their jobs and business owners had to sell their products to the government because they were going into debt. This is significant because this is the biggest stock market crash in history. Also the main the reason of the great depression.
Stock Market Crash
In the years of 1930s, Canada was still in the great depression and the citizens noticed that both the Liberal and Conservative parties weren't doing anything to help out the economy. This is when the federal election took place. There were 4 parties running for Prime Minister. The 4 parties were Union Nationale, Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Social Credit and the Communist party. The Union Nationale was focused on the issue that concerned francophones, they promised for higher minimum wage, and said they would provide provincially owned hydroelectric systems. What the CCf offered employment insurance, crop insurance, pension plans for seniors, medical service for all etc. Also the CCF was the most successful party in the great depression. Social Credit promised all the people in Alberta that they would get $25 a month. The leader of the social credit party believed if that the people had money to spend the depression would be over. Lastly the Communist party. This party just wanted everyone to share their profits equally. I believe this is progress because by doing this election it helped Canadians during the great depression. It helped Canada in the great depression because these parties were mainly focusing in the economy. The historical significance for this is these parties were trying to find a way to get Canada back on their feet and find a way out of the great depression.
Political Parties
The On-to-Ottawa Trek
Since Canada is an independent country, they get to decide whether or not they would go to war. September 10, 1939 is Canada's first declaration to war. Canada declared war on Germany because of Hitler and the spread of fascism in Europe. They also joined because of their ally Britain. When Canada declared war on Germany they didn't have many troops. They approximately had 8000 people in the Air Force and the Navy. Canada's deceleration to war is a progress in Canadian history because this is their first time declaring war on any country. This is historically significant because this is the first war Canada declared war as an independent country.
Canada Declares War
The battle of Dieppe happened on August 19, 1942. This battle wasn't going good for the allies at all. The only reason why the allies decided to attack Germany on Dieppe was because the soSovients urged them to attack German controlled Europe and they wanted to test out new equipment and gather intelligence. Sadly they lost and had a great amount of casualties.Out of the 4900 Canadians that were in this war, 907 died, 1000 were wounded and 1900 were prisoners. Canadians went into this battle thinking it would be easy. This is decline because Canada lost this battle and they thought it was going to be an easy win and it lowered their morale. This is historically significant because Canada learned never to go into a battle unprepared. Also they learned to never underestimate your opponents because you never know what will happen.
In 1941, the battle against the Japanese was tragic. This battle against Japan was Canada's first defeat. After this defeat there were 1,600 Canadians captured. The Canadian soldiers that survived were marched to the Japanese prisoner-of-war camps. Nearly 300 Canadians died in this battle due to torture and slave labour in the Japanese shipyards, mines, and construction sites. This was decline because many Canadian troops weren't treated very well. Around 260 Canadians died for starvation, abuse, and sickness. This tragic event was a permanent damage to those who have experienced this. The Japanese should've thought about what they were doing before they actually did it. The Japanese decided to apologize and try to give money to the veterans of Hong- Kong, but it won't add up to the amount of men they tortured and killed. This is historically significant because many Canadian troops risked their lives to defend their country. Also the way they were treated was really bad.
Canadians in Hong-Kong
1942 is when Japanese people in Canada had suffered. 22,096 Japanese Canadians lived in Canada before Japan had bombed Pearl Harbor and the attack that happened in Hong Kong. So what Canada did to those Japanese people living in Canada was they eliminated their rights and took away all of the property they owned. Instead of dismantling their properties they auctioned their houses and they used the money they got from the auction and paid for the housing camps. When the war ended between the 2 countries, many Japanese Canadians were told to leave Canada and the ones that stayed weren't allowed to go back to Vancouver until 1949. This is decline because the Japanese that were in Canada didn't want to comeback after what happened. This meant a decrease in the immigration rate and the population rate. This is historically significant because Canada never had that many people leave in history.
Japanese Internment
From 1943-1945 is when Canada stood out and put a stop on Germany in different countries like Italy, Holland, Belgium and Juno Beach. What the Canadians did in Italy was they took out the Germans in the cities with 500,000 troops. Out of all those troops 5399 of them were injured or killed. In the battle of the Scheldt the first set of the Canadian army had a hard time taking the Germans out of Belgium. But luckily they came with the victory and there were 6400 casualties by the end of the battle. This victory lead the allies to Nazi Germany. Juno Beach, there were 14,000 Canadians that took place in "operation overload." Their task was to travel 8 km of Juno Beach. They faced German defenses like concrete bunkers, barbed wire barriers, landmines, and massive antitank defenses. Canada was strong enough to battle through those defenses. Canada was the only country to go through the German defenses the farthest. 340 Canadians were killed, 574 were wounded and 47 were captured. Lastly the Liberation of Holland. 175,000 Canadian troops joined the Rhine offensive. This was the largest Canadian assault force in Canadian history. Canada took the Germans out of Netherlands and chased them to Northern Germany. Canadian troops were nice enough to give the citizens of Netherlands resources because they were really hungry, dehydrated etc. This was progress because the Canadians were a key contribution in ending the war. Also Canada's image of an independent country. We showed that we were strong to win battles.
Canada Helps Win The War
In 1939 the beginning of World War 2, Prime Minister King promised that there won't be any conscription. Later in the year Prime Minister King noticed that they do need conscription. So he asked the Canadian citizens if he can be released from the no conscription pledge. They did agree to it and King made this conscription different by calling it home conscription. Home Conscription was to help out Canada during the war by doing factory work etc. This wasn't a must for the Canadians to do because he let them decide whether or not they wanted to do it. This was decline because during the war Canada was having more casualty rates than enlistment rates. This is historically significant because unlike World War 1, this didn't end up in a separation between Quebec and Canada.
In 1932 during the Great Depression, many men were unemployed. What the government of R.B Bennett did about this was he made relief camps so they can at least have some sort of income. This is an example of decline in Canadian history because the men that were in the relief camps work a very long time and get a very low pay. They would work for 44 hours a week and 20 cents per day. They also were working in poor working conditions which were unbelievable because they couldn't have entertainment, they were moved away from society, and the bunk beds were bad etc. Relief camps was historically significant because the government actually relied on this and thought it would work, but it didn't. Also the capitalist society were afraid of the communism spreading to Canada.
In the 1930s the men attending the relief camps were going across the country to look for a job. But in 1932 things kind of changed because R.B Bennett, the prime minister of Canada, decided to make relief camps. This made the unemployed men in Canada get jobs. These unemployed Canadians were paid little, they had to live in the cold and sleep in shacks that weren't built good. The men that were working in the relief camps weren't happy with this at all because they were treated bad. In 1935, men in B.C left the camps and traveled to Vancouver to protest about their working conditions. This was a progress in Canadian history because after this their weren't any relief camps it was replaced by seasonal relief camps. This made men get more pay. This is historically significant because the men that were in the camps went to the government and demanded the dismantlement of these camps.
This Prezi will be about the 10 significant events that happened from 1929-1945. It will also tell you if the specific event is a progress or decline for Canada. Lastly, it will mention the historical significance of each event. Enjoy! :)
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