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The Gothic Era

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Katie Adams

on 26 March 2013

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Transcript of The Gothic Era

By: Grant, Josh, Katie,
Katie, & Zach Gothic Era Intro Cultural Milieu Cont. Adult Life Bio. Cont. William Blake Cultural Milieu
•The Gothic Era is a branch off the Romantic period and literature
•The Gothics can be thought of as the beginning of suspense and horror
•This era allowed romantic writers to write about terrifying events and stories
•These terrifying experiences largely took place in dungeons, castles, and ruined abbys
•Took place in the latter half of the eighteenth century, Horace Walpole and his Strawberry Hill Estate seemed to be a trailblazer for Gothic Literature Gothic art evolved from Romanesque art
"Gothic" was derogatory term for that time period
Most important art form was the architecture
Gothic masons built bigger more complicated floor plans than the Romans were capable of
The Sistine Chapel was commissioned by Pope Sixtus IV, from whom it derives its name, in 1475
Due to Michelangelo's talents, the Chapel in Vatican City became the most breathtaking art gallery in the world Engraver & Professional Artist
Poor in wealth but rich in spirit
Simplistic and boring life (rarely traveled)
Married Catherine Boucher until death
Catherine helped print and color poems
William became sick with an unknown sickness (thought to be Biliary Cirrhosis)
This disease is caused from the fumes of engraving copper plates Arrested twice in his life
Claimed to see spirits & visions
Little recognition during his life
Considered weird or mad by the public
Now considered seminal in the history of both poetry and the visual arts
His poems influenced Jim Morrison (Named "The Doors" after Blake's The Marriage of Heaven and Hell)
Blake was influenced by Emanuel Swedenborg (Swedish Philosopher)
Swedenborg believed heavenly powers were visible to those with the right sight
Nov. 28 1757- Aug. 12 1827 (69)
London, English
Poet, Painter, & Printmaker Clothing of the Gothic Era
Men wore long tunics under loose shirts
Belted Down at waist
Women wore large dresses and heavy skirts
Belted below the breast
Religion of the Gothic Era
Architecture had a base in religion
Large Cathedrals were built to show glory to God
Religion influenced artwork of this era
People turned to religion during the plague Blake's Work Samuel Taylor Coleridge Coleridge's Life Coleridge's Work Early Life:
Father sent him to the best drawing school in England when he was 10
Became an engraver at 14
Blake hand-wrote all of his poems and included paintings on many of them. His most known works include:
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
The Songs of Innocence
The Songs of Experience Oct. 21,1772 - July 25, 1834
Ottery St Mary, Devon, England
Father, Reverend John Coleridge (1718–1781)
Married Sara Hutchinson, the sister of Wordsworth's future wife. Since he was already married, he was forced to channel his love into his poetry, where he referred to her by an anagram of her name, "Asra."
Samuel was the youngest of ten by Reverend Coleridge's second wife, Anne Bowden (1726–1809) Education:
As a child Samuel went to Christ's Hospital (a London charity school) studying and writing poetry
From 1791 until 1794, Coleridge attended Jesus College, Cambridge
In 1793, he enlisted in the Royal Dragoons under the name "Silas Tomkyn Comberbache”. His brothers arranged for his discharge a few months later due to "insanity" and he was readmitted to Jesus College Opium:
His opium addiction strained his relationships with his wife and friends. Most notably, in 1810 Coleridge and Wordsworth suffered a falling out. Eventually, on the verge of suicide, he moved in with a doctor and published "Christabel" and "Kubla Khan". Inspirations:
Coleridge appreciated his teacher, as he wrote in recollections of his schooldays in Biographia Literaria
Coleridge idealized his father as pious and innocent Most Famous Poems:
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Christabel, and Kubla Khan
The conversation Poems are also widely know
(The Eolian Harp, Reflections on having left a Place of Retirement, This Lime-Tree Bower my Prison, Frost at Midnight, Fears in Solitude, The Nightingale: A Conversation Poem, Dejection: An Ode, To William Wordsworth) Works Cited http://www.poemhunter.com/samuel-taylor-coleridge/ http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/116 http://www.all-art.org/gothic_era/01.html http://www.zittaw.com/gcanon.htm http://history-world.org/gothic_art_and_architecture.htm
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