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Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture

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by

Turner McKay

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture

Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture
Agriculture's History
Canadian Agriculture
Contemporary Issues Surrounding Agriculture
From Seed to Sandwich
+10,000 BCE
Hunting and Gathering
Planned Cultivation - Syria
Domestication of Livestock

Horse drawn plough - ARD
Irrigation Systems - China
Development of Fertilizer
2500-2000 BCE
Neolithic Revolution
Bronze & Iron Ages
Manorial System
Iron Smelting
Agricultural Trade
3-Crop Rotation
Middle Ages
100 BCE - 1600 AD
Selective Breeding
4-Field Rotation
Scientific Development
British Agricultural Revolution
1600 - 1700 AD
1700 - 1940 AD
Refrigeration
Seed Drill
Threshing Machine
Gasoline-Powered Machinery
Industrial Revolution
1940 - 1980 AD
Seed Variety Development
Irrigation Expansion
Synthetic Fertilizers
Pesticides & Herbicides

Green Revolution
Present Day
Variable Rate Systems
GPS Technology
GMO Development
"Organic" Production
Modern Developments
What do you know?
The FACTS
Family Farms
Yield Potential
Employment Opportunities
Importance of Agriculture
By 2050 the global food supply will need to increase by 70%
10% Spent on Groceries (2003)
43% Spent on Groceries (1900)
98%
126 People fed by one American Farmer
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
Canada
Egypt
Japan
It takes
fewer gallons of water to grow an acre of corn today than it did in 1990
in
Canadian employment opportunities lie within the agriculture, agri-food, and agribusiness industries
Backlog of Prairie Soft Commodities
2012-2013 harvest was a record for farmers across Canada - 45M T
Railways and intermediaries fed to anticipate - creating a shipping backlog
Implications
Farmers unable to pay bills
Deterioration of Canada's global reputation
Political dissent
Industry Favouritism
Thoughts
Sustainability of GMO's
Issues
GMO's Going Forward
The Hutterites
Issues
Colony culture
Treatment of women
Education of children
Harsh reprimands for excommunicated Hutterites
Why Is This Issue Important?
January - March
Seed from the preceding harvest is cleaned for planting seed
Truck grain to local elevators to get product to market
April - June
Chem- fallow fields in preparation for seeding
Plant the year's crop
Monitor the newly seeded crop for health and strength
July
Continue checking crops for presence of pests and weeds
Swath canola into rows to dry out the stalk
Begin desiccating pea crop to expedite harvest
August ~ September
Begin the fall harvest of the year's crop
Store the crop in bins for long-term storage
Begin trucking grain to fill forward contracts
October - December
Continue contracting stored grain to local elevators
Continue hauling grain to buyers
Begin cleaning seed for next years seeding
The McKay's
http://www.cbc.ca/the180/popupaudio.html?clipIds=2441740092
Begin creating forward contracts with local elevators for sale of grain
Q & Ag
Labeling
Patents
Eating something "unnatural"
Cost effective for farmers to implement and utilize
Increased yields for a growing global population
Promotes overall economic growth
CONS
PROS
Competition with family farms
Decreasing rural sustainability
"Drying-up" of small rural communities
Past political action
Land Sales Prohibition Act
Alberta Communal Property Act
Full transcript