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jose angel isla

on 2 March 2011

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Reported Speech Direct speech is the exact words someone said. The sentence is put within quotation marks (‘…’)
Ann: ‘It’s very cold outside.’
Reported speech is the exact meaning of what
someone said, but not his / her exact words. The sentence is not put within quotation marks. There is an introductory verb (say, tell), after which we can put the word that or we can omit it.
Ann said (that) it was very cold outside.
say and tell We can use said or told in reported speech but they are use differently.
- You can't use said with an object or pronoun.
NOT He said her he loved her.
- You must use told with an object
He told her that he loved her
NOT He told that... She said, ‘I’m happy’.
She said (that) she was happy.
She said to me, ‘I’m happy’.
She said to me (that) she was happy.
She told me, ‘I’m happy’.
She told me (that) she was happy. EXPRESSIONS WITH ‘SAY’ AND ‘TELL’ SAY: good morning, hello, something / nothing, a few words, so, a prayer, goodbye, etc. TELL: the truth, a story, a lie, a secret, the time,
somebody the way, the difference, a joke, etc.
Reported questions In reported questions
- the tenses change in exactly the same way as in sentences, eg present to past ...
- we don't use do / did
What do you want?
He asked me what I wanted.
NOT He asked me what did I want. - If the question begins with do, can, etc. add IF.

Do you like the music?
He asked her if she liked the music.

Can you sing?
She asked him if he could sing. -the word order is subject + verb

Are you a student?
He asked her if she was a student

Have you seen the film?
She asked him if he had seen the film. We often use indirect questions to ask politely for information.
Could you tell me what time the train leaves?
Do you know if the chemist's is open? Reported commands and requests We form reported commands and requests with
verb + person + to-infinitive
She told me to sit down .
We asked them to wait. We often use to TELL to report commands.
"Close the door" She told him to close the door. For negative requests and comands, we use NOT before the to-infinitive.
"Please don't shout." She asked us not to shout. We do not use THAT to report a command or request.
NOT A man asked me that I tell him the time We do not use SAY to report a command.
NOT I said you to close the windows. We usually use ASK to report requests.
"Please carry my bag." His mother asked him to carry her bag.
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