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John Marshall Court

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Bobby Kline

on 3 May 2011

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Transcript of John Marshall Court

John Marshall Court Who was John Marshall? - Born in 1755 in Virginia
-Acted as a lieutenant in the Revolutionary war and spent the winter at Valley Forge of 1777
-Marshall spent a year as the Secretary of State to John Adams
-He was appointed the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1801 Fletcher vs peck In 1803, Robert Fletcher purchased
15,000 acres from John Peck for
$3,000 The state legislature of Georgia had
passed a land grant in 1795, but it was
voided the next year John Peck sold the land three years
after the land was voided, and he
claimed that the sale had been legitimate
Fletcher argued that Peck had no
right to sell the land, since the original
sale had been declared invalid The court unanimously decided that the land
contract could not be invalidated and the
land could not be taken back Darthmouth College
Woodward The King of England granted a
charter to Dartmouth College in
1769, which essentially established
the college In 1816, the state of New Hampshire
passed a set of laws which changed
the Kings original charter, which
changed it from a private school to
a public school This case brought up the issue if
state legislatures could change
a college charter under the
Constitution The Supreme Court sided with
Dartmouth College and invalidated
the law that made it a public school MARTIN VS HUNTER'S LESSEE Lord Fairfax, an English loyalist, held
land in Virginia, but fled to England
during the American Revolution Fairfax died in 1781, and left his land
in Virginia to his son, Denny Martin who was a British citizen. In 1782, the state legislature of Virginia
voided the original land grant, and the
land switched possesion over to the state
who granted the land to David Hunter The Supreme Court agreed that the land
was entitled to Fairfax's son, but the
Virginia courts refused to give the land
over Referring back to the Constitution, it was
noted that the Supreme Court had power
to override the state court, which entitled
Martin to the land Mcculloch vs maryland Gibbons vs ogden Congress established the second Bank of the United States in 1816. In 1818 the Maryland Legislature passed a law which imposed taxes on the bank. James McCulloch, a cashier at the Baltimore branch of the bank, refused to pay the tax This case brought up the issue whether or not the Maryland law had interefered with congressional power It was unanimously decided that Maryland had no power
to tax an establishment of the national government The state of New York gave permission to two
individuals to operate steamboats on waters
within the states boundaries, while out of state
boats were required to pay a fee. This was a
problem to those who operated boats between
two states A major issue in the case was if the
state of New York had rights to
regulate interstate commerce, which
was usually congress's job It was concluded that New Yorks regulations
were inconsistent with congress's state
regulation acts, making the law New York
passed invalid
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