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Gateways Drugs:

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by

Scott Hiles

on 15 November 2016

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Transcript of Gateways Drugs:

Gateways Drugs:
Peer Pressure
Tobacco
Alcohol
Marijuana
What Is A Drug?
any substance including liquid, powder, solid or a vapor that is taken by mouth, inhaled, injected or rubbed into the skin that effects the way the body or mind naturally works.
is a drug that opens the door to the use of other, harder drugs. Gateway drugs are typically inexpensive and readily available.
What Is A Gateway Drug
Gateway Drugs:
Tobacco
Alcohol
Marijuana

Health Effects
Smoking causes breathing problems.
Smoking causes heart disease.
Smoking is the most common cause of lung cancer
Also a leading cause of mouth, throat, bladder and kidney cancer.
Smokeless tobacco can cause mouth cancer, tooth loss and other health problems.
Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in this country
Facts:

In the United States, it is illegal to sell tobacco to anyone under the age of 18.
Smoking causes shortness of breath and dizziness.
Can affect your appearance
dry out your skin and cause wrinkles
Yellow your teeth and give you bad breath
Smoking puts the health of your friend and family at risk
Approx. 3,000 nonsmokers die of lung
cancer each year from breathing other
peoples' smoke
Health Effects:
Alcohol slows down the brain and body
Examples of this are:
loss of coordination
slowed reflexes
poor judgement
slurred speech
Too much alcohol can slow down the body and lead to a coma or death
Alcohol can damage every organ in your body
If you are with others who are drinking, there is an increase risk of injury, car crashes and violence.
Facts:
Alcohol is illegal for anyone under 21!!!
Teen bodies are still growing, therefore alcohol affects them more severely than adults in school and in sports.
Most teens don't drink alcohol
Mixing alcohol with medicine is dangerous
Per serving, beer, wine and liquor all contain about the same amount of alcohol.
Alcohol is illegal for anyone under 21*
What is Marijuana:
is a green and brown mix of dried flowers, stems, seeds and leaves from the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa).
How is it used
What You Should Know
Why skunk?
People say that marijuana has the same smell as skunk spray.
Marijuana has
400
chemicals
that affect the nerve cells in your brain where the memories are found. People who use marijuana usually end up doing things they wish they hadn't
The front end of the brain is not fully developed until the
THC
THC
is the active ingredient in marijuana that alters the mind.
Hippocampus
One region of the brain that contains a lot of THC receptors is the HIPPOCAMPUS, which processes memory.
Communication with other areas of the brain region that processes new information into long-term memory is also done here.
When THC attaches to receptors in the Hippocampus, it weakens short term memory.
THC can make something as simple as driving VERY dangerous!
THC also influences emotions!
An emotional roller coaster
May cause uncontrollable laughter one minute and paranoid the next!
Marijuana is used in many ways. The
most common
method is
smoking loose marijuana into a cigerette called a
joint
.
Sometimes marijuana is smoked
through what is called a
pipe
.
Common Street
Blunt,
dope
,
ganja
,
grass
, herb,
joint
,
bud
,
Mary Jane
, pot,
reefer
,
green
,
trees
, smoke,
skunk
,
weed
,
hash
, tea,
chronic
,
loud
Names
-Within minutes of smoking marijuana, a user begins to feel a
"high"

What are some effects of marijuana use.
-THC triggers brain cells to release chemicals
-
Coordination
can be lost after smoking marijuana.

-Affects your judgment and decision making, using it can cause you to do things you might not ever do
-You may not see, hear, smell, or sense things like normal
-You will have bl
oo
dshot eyes, dry lips, mouth and throat

-Feel sleepy, appear drowsy.
- Go on eating binges, "get the munchies" and gain weight
Long-Term Effects of Marijuana
-Because marijuana affects brain function, your ability to do complex task are compromised. Making it harder to play sports, do well in school, or meet any life goals.
-Marijuana smoke has some of the same chemicals found in tobacco smoke and have some of the same problems as tobacco smokers. Chest colds, cough and bronchitis. Smoking marijuana can lead to several problems in your lungs!
Marijuana use:
If started at a young age, 1 in 6 become dependent.
Other things to know!
-1 joint is as harmful as 5 cigarettes
-One joint decreases driving skills by 41%, 2 joints by 63%.
- Marijuana is the most commonly abused drug in the United States!
!!!!!!WAS!!!!
Marijuana is illegal!
GOAL
Don't Risk It!!!!
ALWAYS SAY NO!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
What is Tobacco
Tobacco- is a woody, shrub-like plant with large leaves
Tobacco contains an addictive drug found in it's leaves called
Nicotine
.
All forms of Tobacco contain Nicotine
and other chemicals.
Nicotine, Tar
and over
3000
other chemicals enters the body when tobacco leaves are
smoked, chewed
, or
snorted
and change the chemistry of the brain
Nicotine is an addictive drug, meaning users develop intense cravings for it also known as an addicition.
Once the drug has been in the body regularly, the body begins to depend on it.
Tobacco is therefore
HABIT
forming
Tobacco
Smoking produces
TAR
which is created when tobacco burns. When smokers inhale tar forms on the bronchi.


Alcohol is created when grains, fruits, or vegetables are fermented. Fermentation is a process that uses yeast or bacteria to change the sugars in the food into alcohol.

What Is Alcohol?
mid-20's
THC
THC
THC
(tetrahydrocannabinol)
T
H
c
Consequences
4301.69 Underage Persons offenses
E(1) No underage person shall knowingly order, pay for, share the cost of, attempt to purchase, possess, or consume any beer or intoxicating liquor in any public or private place. No underage person shall knowingly be under the influence of any beer or intoxicating liquor in any public place.
Penalty's
M-1: up to six months in jail and up to 1000.00 dollar fine, possible alcohol program, probation and license suspension, and court fees.
:
4511.19 Operating vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs (B)No person under twenty-one years of age shall operate any vehicle, streetcar, or trackless trolley within this state, if, at the time of the operation, any of the following apply: The person has a concentration of at least
.02%BAC but less than .08%BAC.
Consequence's
2151.87 Prohibiting child from possessing, using, purchasing or receiving cigarettes or other tobacco products.
Penalty's
M-M
Court cost, fees, education program.
Either of the two main branches of the trachea that lead to the lungs, where they divide into smaller branches.
THINK ABOUT IT!!!!
What Is Peer Pressure
Pressure from one's peers to behave in a manner similar or acceptable to them
Peer pressures the influence of a social group on an individual
Types of Peer Pressure
Positive
Negative
or Good
or Bad
What is
positive
or
good
peer pressure
Good peer pressure is being pushed into something that you didn't have the courage to do or just didn't cross your mind to do.
Good peer pressure can also be a situation when your friends convince you not to do something you were going to do because it wasn't in your best interest.
Good peer pressure is when you get pushed into something that you didn't want to do and it turned out well.
What is Negative or Bad peer pressure
Bad peer pressure is being talked into doing something that you didn't want to do because your friends said that you should.
Bad peer pressure is usually the result of wanting to be accepted by your peers.
How can you benefit from good peer pressure.
You may learn something new and have a new experience
You can overcome a fear
You will avoid breaking the law, getting into trouble with your parents and hurting your health.
Friendships, socializing, encouragement and good advice
How can bad peer pressure affect you
Bad peer pressure usually lead to doing something bad such as drinking alcohol, using drugs, or smoking
It can lead to trouble with the law, with your parents and it can affect your health.
How do I resist peer pressure?
Understanding your own values and beliefs
Have Self-confidence
Choose your friends wisely
Talk to a trusted adult
Don’t make excuses – say exactly how you feel
How do peers pressure?
Insults
: making a person feel bad for not doing something, so that they eventually will
Reasoning
: pressure by giving a person reasons why they should do something
Rejection
: pressure by threatening to end a relationship or a friendship
Unspoken pressure
: simply seeing all your peers doing something or wearing something can be s form of pressure

Alternative Forms to Cigarettes
E-Cigarettes
- What are they, how do they work, are they legal?
.
They are a battery-powered vaporizer.
It heats up the liquid that contains the nicotine called eliquid.
It uses NICOTINE without using Tobacco
Does not produce cigarette smoke but rather an Aerosol.
An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas
also known as
personal vaporizer, electronic nicotine delivery system .
NO one under the age of 18 may possess or use.
THAT
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