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The Constitution

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by

Lucy Savell

on 21 January 2016

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Transcript of The Constitution

Introduction
What is autonomy?
The right or condition of self-government
There are 17 autonomous regions and 2 autonomous cities in Spain
Franco's death allowed Spain to make the transition to democracy.
Franco
During his reign he suppressed autonomous regions especially Catalonia and the Basque Country
The 1978 Constitution
- Created the 31st October 1978.

- An official document which marked the end of Franco's dictatorship and the beginning of a democracy.

-The Constitution was originally ratified after a referendum on 6 December 1978 and was signed by King Juan Carlos I on 27 December 1978.

-The Constitution included various controversial topics.

The Basque Country and Catalonia

- The Basque Country and Catalonia are two countries which are causing the most controversy

- Both of these regions are fighting passionately for full independence from Spain

- They both have very distinctive cultures which contrast with those in central Spain

- During Franco's reign, these two were severely suppressed
The Basque Country
When did these regions first get their autonomy?

Why do they want full independence from Spain?

How were they suppressed during Franco's dictatorship?

How did the resist the suppression?

Are they any closer to getting full independence?
Questions
Became autonomous in October 1979 due to a referendum based on the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country

Approved in its final form in December 1978 as part of the Spanish Constitution of 1978
The rights of Autonomous Regions
- culture and education

- health

- agriculture

- industry

- employment

- infrastructure
The rights of Spain's central government
- Exterior

- Defense

- Justice

- Criminal, Commercial and employment laws

- Taxation

- Interior

The Basque people want independence for numerous reasons:






- to abolish the class system
- have a country ruled by the working class
- cultural integrity
- historic precedent

ETA
Eta is a separatist Organization, born in 1959 and is stemmed from the Basque Youth Group
What is their objective?
The Independence of the 7 provinces of the Basque country
What was the idea behind ETA?
Nationalism
Methods used to obtain these objectives
Terrorist attacks
Which went on to create 800 victims
- Franco introduced language politics in Spain in order to increase the dominance of the Spanish language and reinforce Spanish nationalism
- Franco declared Spanish as the only official language of Spain and the use of other languages was banned, frowned upon or despised depending on circumstances
- Non Castillion names were forbidden
ETA carried on beyond the years of Franco
Catalonia
First gained a Statute of Autonomy in 1932
This law was abolished by Franco
After his death, autonomy was reinstated
June 2006 = referendum
Catalan culture was suppressed by Franco
Catalonians resisted with daily acts of defiance
Population was encouraged to embrace their culture
Reintroduction of the Catalan language
The Basque Country and Catalonia
Their fight for independence
CONCLUSION...
Even today the population in the Basque County and in Catalonia are still fighting for their own independence.

The tensions between each autonomous region and the Central Spanish Government continue to grow.

Still today, non-binding referendums are being held to discuss the outcome of this movement.
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