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AP Language and composition Rhetorical terms and glossary
Transcript of AP Language and composition Rhetorical terms and glossary
Example - It was a warm, sunny day, at Eastbrook High School.
Syntax:The pattern of formation of sentences or phrases in a language
Example: Now act so manly that you drive them away, so that we don’t lack all good things. Symbolism: The practice of representing things by means of symbols or of attributing symbolic meanings or significance to objects, events, or relationships.
Example: A flower blooming represents a young girl turning into a woman. Simile - A comparison of two or more things using 'like' or 'as.'
Example - He is as big as a cow. Speaker - The head speaker in either a book or a poem.
Example - speaker of the Declaration of Independence is Thomas Jefferson or we the people. Stereotype - A set of inaccurate,simplistic generalizations about a group that allows others to categorize them and treat them accordingly. May or may not be a lie.
Example - All African-Americans are great at basketball. Theme: The leading subject of a composition or a movement
Example: A theme of Romeo and Juliet is how fate is inevitable. Themes can also be more simple, like growing up, good vs. evil, actions with consequences. Thesis: A subject for a composition or essay
Example: To implement his ideas about the animal rights movement Regan informally applies ethos appeal to illustrate his devoted character, pathos support of extreme analogies to generate awkward emotions, and logos to slightly reinforce both through common logic. Tone: The way of speaking or the way somebody says something as an indicator of what that person is feeling or thinking
Example: tone of Holden Caulfield in Catcher in the Rye:
"If a girl looks swell when she meets you, who gives a damn if she's late? Nobody." Strawman is a logical fallacy where an opponent's argument is overstated or misrepresented in order to be attacked or refuted. Strawman Suzy: You should buy me ice cream every day.
Suzy's mom: That would be bad for your health.
Suzy: So you want me to starve?! Style The way that an author usually writes is their style of writing. For example, diction, imagery, and sentence structure all are part of an author's style. http://www.xtranormal.com/watch/5760845/authors-style Subjectivity An author is subjective when their feelings and opinions influence how they present events and characters. Jon Krakauer was subjective when writing Into the Wild because he used his own personal experiences to tell the story. Syllogism A syllogism is a form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion in drawn from them. Sometimes, syllogisms make sense. For example:
Exercise is good for you.
Jogging is a form of exercise.
Therefore, jogging is good for you. But it's always a lot funnier when they don't make sense (called a faulty syllogism). For example:
Hot air balloons are awesome.
My cat is awesome.
Therefore, my cat is a hot air balloon. Synecdoche: A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part.
Example: Time to get some new threads. "Threads" meaning clothes. Syntactic Fluency: The ability to create a variety of sentence structures, either complex or simple and varied in length.
Example: Ace is a dog.
Ace is Batman's dog and one of his best friends.
Ace is Batman's dog and once of his best friends, as well as his side-kick, Ace the Bathound. Syntactic permutation: Sentences that are extremely complex and hard to follow.
Example: We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the front. The best way to negotiate is to say nothing, just listen. (Churchhill) This: Instead of: I'm with stupid. The End! (: