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20th Century Chilean Upper Class Landowner
Transcript of 20th Century Chilean Upper Class Landowner
Upper Class Landowner
Wealth and Power
Social classes in Chile were based on wealth
The only way to become wealthy was to own as much land as possible.
The more land you owned, the more money you obtained and the more power you held.
Most of Chile's farmland was under the control of a few wealthy landowners until mid 20th century.
There was a small amount of people who belonged to the rich, upper class.
This resulted in landowners holding many areas of land.
Ruled over a large area of land, and were depended on by their workers to give them resources.
There was a great difference in the income between landowners and workers.
As time passed, the landowners became too powerful.
To reduce landowner's power, President Arturo Alessandri Palma, proposed more legal rights for the provinces, and taxes to finance better working conditions, health, education and welfare.
However, conservatives didn't like the reforms, and forced him to resign.
During the 1920s, 75% of Chile's rural population depended on haciendas (large rural landholdings), which controlled 80% of the prime agricultural lands.
Inquilinos were tenant farmers who remained at the mercy of landowners for access to housing, soil, and subsistence.
During elections, the votes of the inquilinos belonged to the landowners, who naturally used them to maintain status quo.
Nearly all members of the small, rich upper class were of European descent.