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Transcript of Islam
Islam is a monotheistic faith
Believe in one God they call Allah
The messengers of Allah were known as profits
Profits are assigned special missions by god to guide humans.
Some Islamic prophets include: Adam, Noah, Moses, Jesus
Followed by 1billion+ people.
Concentrated in Iran, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India
2 branches- Sunni and Shiites.
Shiites are minority-10-15%.
Have constant conflicts between both groups.
The founder wouldn't recognize it as it is practiced today.
Hi how are you guys today
The Sunni and Shiite(Shia) Split
Split after the death of the Prophet Muhammad in the year 632 when a successor could not be chosen peacefully.
Sunnis were the majority that accepted the three caliphs prior to Ali
Shia were the minority that disagreed and believed that Ali was the only rightful successor
5 Pillars of Islam
1. Shahadah: Declaration of no god except Allah.
- Muhammed is God's messenger.
2. Salat: Prayer
- Ritual prayer 5 times a day
- Performed facing Kaaba in Mecca
3. Sawn: Fasting and self control during blessed month of Ramadan
Most sacred site in Islam
Is known as the Sacred house
4. Zakat: Giving 2.5% of one's savings to poor and needy.
5. Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime.
-During Islamic month of Dhu-al-Hijjah
-After pilgrimage they are known as Hajj/Hajja
The Four Imams
Must abstain from food and drink from dawn to dusk
During 9th month if Islamic calendar
- Usually 29-30 days based on the visual sightings of the
Changed by two values
The first was a firm commitment to islamic faith.
Arranged the four schools
The second value was an openness to change in the conditions.
The people who led to these changes
The first was Malik, the founder of the Malik school of thought.
The second was Shafi, the founder of the Shafi's school of thought.
The third was Abu Hanifa, the founder of Abu Hanifa school.
The fourth was Ahmad Abn Hambal, the founder of Ahmad Abn Hambal school of thought.
When Umar was assassinated by the Persians, the election of Uthman was met with opposition. That started a civil war known as the "First Fitna".
After the death of Mu'awiyah's in 680, conflict arose again between the Sunni and Shia.
In a civil war known as the "Second Fitna".
Abrahamic Religion- monotheistic faiths in the middle east that draw a common origin to Abraham
Other Abrahamic religions: Christianity, Judaism
Qur'an: Islamic Book of faith
They believe it is the verbatim word of God(Allah)
Written in Arabic
Holy book of Muslims
The first school emphasized hadith and used personal opinion and deductive reasoning.
Shafi's school was about personal opinion and deductive reasoning
Hanifa school focused more on personal opinion and analogy.
This school used very little analogy and personal opinion.
Shuster, Mike. "The origins of the Shia- Sunni split."
Npr, 12 Feb
2007. Web. 05 Nov. 2013.
Islamic Sects, Subdivisions & Groups.
and Sects of Islam.
Religion facts., 2004. Web. 07 Nov. 2013
The Beginning of Islam
The beginning of Islam was the birth of Muhammad in Mecca around 570 C.E. Muhammad became a prophet of Allah during the Night of Power when he was about 40 years old. Muhammad began preaching to the people in 613 C.E. where focused on the oneness of Allah during his speeches. Muhammad was the founder of Islam.
Purpose of life is to submit and serve Allah in order to gain paradise
Believe that people who have committed good works and have shown strong faith will receive salvation
Unbelievers and sinners will be condemned but can be saved by Allah's forgiveness if they show sincere repentance
Core Beliefs of Islam
Muslims must believe and recite the Shahada: "There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his prophet
Muslims must follow and believe the 6 articles of faith to be a Muslim
1. One God
2. The angels of God
3. The books of God, esp. the Qur'an
4. The prophets of God, esp. Muhammad
5. The day of judgment(afterlife)
6. The supremacy of God's will
Religious laws of Islam:
By: Denny, Abhi, Brandon, Sam
Place of worship for followers of Islam