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North Korean Culture

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Taytum Akers

on 16 November 2013

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Transcript of North Korean Culture

North Korean Culture

Major Religions
The North Koreans are not forced to believe in any religions, but the majority believe in Buddhism. They believe in the political religion of Juche.
Social Life
North Koreans are very protective of their country and keeping it very reclusive.
Cultural Landscape
Have primarily north-south mountain ranges and valleys.
North Korea is a "hereditary dictatorship" that stays in the line of the Kim family.
The North Korean government is very strict, and the punishments can be dire. They are enforced by people called the Koreans Workers' Party.
Free Time and Leisure Activities
North Koreans do a lot of activities like Americans do, but they spend much of their time at Hagwons to learn more about a language.

Juche is a political communistic idealogy, that is most known in North Korea. It technically is not a religion, but many use it as a philosophy to go by. Juches believe that developing countries should be allowed independence without any other countries influencing the developing country. The same goes for the safety of the peoples of developing countries.

Buddhism is a religion that believes in a man named Zen Buddah. They have three doctrines that are filled with rules to live by. The doctrines are the Four Noble Truths, the Five Skandhas, and the Eightfold Path. It is believed to take the follower of Buddah on a "spiritual journey".

Religious Customs
North Koreans are primarily Buddhists. You can give gifts to Buddah, or a monk, chant prayers, accept the three jewels (a part of Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha which is anyone who has gone through the four stages of enlightenment), and meditate. One holiday include:
Buddha's Birthday which is celebrated in either April or May, monks march through the city with paper lanterns.
North Koreans avoid speaking of one's adoption because it means that the biological parents were economically unstable.
Women aviod talking about their plastic surgeries because North Koreans believe that natural beauty is better than artificial beauty.
North Koreans obviously disagree with the denunciation of their own country.
They also disbelieve in criticizing one's parents, making sex jokes, and arguing about certain religions.
Every man must be in the military for ten years, and the women have to be in for seven. Other laws include the:
Arbitration Law- establishes a system for and order in solving external economic disputes

Commercial Joint Venture Law- intended to contribute to the expansion of economic cooperation and technical exchange between the DPRK and the rest of the world.

Constitutional Law- has to do with the "Juche" political religion

Customs Law- intended to ensure order and discipline, in foreign trade and to promote the independent development of the national economy through the strengthening of customs inspection and correct imposition of customs duty.
Political (Cont.)
Immigration/Emigration Law- not many people are allowed in North Korea (personal interviews are conducted) and if that visitor is accepted, that person is required to get a visa within 48 hours.

Labour Law- if you are not a part of the military, you are required to obtain a job.

Tax Law- they are taken right out of the citizen's paycheck
Use of Money
The use of money is centrally planned, and the role of market allocation (marketing order specifying the maximum amount of the regulated commodity that can be sold for a given use or market). There have, however been many attempts at decentralization.
Education is universal and state funded. The literacy rate of North Korea is 99%. They go through one year of Kindergarten, four years of primary, six years of secondary, and then universities. Every student must attend one class every day dedicated to the Kim family's past and the "greatness" of their lives. All of the classes until middle school were based on primarily political rulers.
North Koreans take place in soccer, golf, hockey, and they take place in wrestling. Even though they are reclusive, they have received a metal in every Summer Olympic sport before.

Many people believe that spots will be the reason North Korea "opens the doors" to their culture and the cultures around them.

They have their own olympics called the Mass Games. They are played for Kin Jong's pleasure.
Social Status
There are only three social groups, the Intellectuals, the Workers, and the Peasants. The intellectuals are payed more, more respected and get more oppurtunities. Workers have a decient pay, opputunities, and respect. The Peasants get very low values of each of these.
Urban living: usually in an apartment with a living and dining room, then an additional three or four rooms.

Rural living: run down houses with few bedrooms, and a living and a dining room.

The government allows strict policies and rituals to be followed. The ruling also stays in the family, much like the monarch of England.
There are many downsides of the government in North Korea. They abuse human rights and have many underground torture camps. They are in need of help with power and fuel shortages.
Refer back to the pros and cons
Explain how it will help
Describe the next steps
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Political (Cont.)
Economic Plans- 48 article plan that has to do with the economic development of the country and the people in North Korea.

Fisheries Law- chapters of laws in fish breeding and where they are raised.

Foreign Enterprises Law- allows certain enterprises among other countries.

Foreign Investment Law- has the agreement of North Korea in economic cooperation.

Free Trade Ports/ Economic Trade Zones- allows trades with foreign countries.
They go in the military soon after schooling.
Famous Landmarks include:
Paektu Mountians
Juche Tower
Kumsusan: Palace of the Sun
Arch of Triumph
Korea Central Zoo
Tomb of King Tongmyong
Sonjuk Bridge
Tomb of King Kongmin
Rules To Live By
The Buddhists have three doctrines, explaining what they have to live by in life. Buddhism is a religion that believes primarily in the idea of spiritual peace.

The Four Noble Truths

The first doctrine is the "Four Nobel Truths". The Four Noble Truths are:
1.The truth of suffering (dukkha) this states we must understand ourselves before we can grasp the concepts of life and death.
2.The truth of the cause of suffering (samudaya) states that want comes from ignorance.
3.The truth of the end of suffering (nirhodha) says that the cure to the second doctrine is Nirvana.
4.The truth of the path that frees us from suffering (magga) states another remedy, the Eightfold Path.

Eightfold Path
1.Right View- Wisdom
2.Right Intention-
Ask yourself, "Are you sure?"
Ask yourself, "What am I doing?"
Recognize your habit energies. Habit energies cause us to lose track of ourselves and day-to-day lives.
Cultivate bodhichitta. Bodhichitta is the compassionate wish to realize enlightenment for the sake of others.
3.Right Speech-
Do not tell lies or deceive.
Do not slander others or speak in a way that causes bitterness
Abstain from rude, or disrespectful language
Do not indulge in gossip.
4.Right Action-
Not stealing, lying, misusing sex, abusing intoxicants, or killing
5.Right Livelihood- the same code as Right Action.
6.Right Effort- stay wholeful
7.Right Mindfulness-
Mindfulness of body (kayasati).
Mindfulness of feelings or sensations (vedanasati).
Mindfulness of mind or mental processes (cittasati).
Mindfulness of mental objects or qualities (dhammasati).
8.Right Concentration- Practice the four Dhyanas
Passions, desires, and unwholesome thoughts are let go
The intellectual activity fades and they are replaced by serenity
The rapture fades and is replaced by equanimit
All sensation ceases and only mindful equanimity remains.

The Five Skanhas
The First Skandha: Form (Rupa)- resists the probing of the senses
The Second Skandha: Sensation (Vedana)- physical or mental sensation that we experience through contact of the six senses
The Third Skandha: Perception (Samjna, or in Pali, Sanna)- faculty that recognizes, and remembers
The Fourth Skandha: Mental Formation (Samskara, or in Pali, Sankhara)- biased and prejudice, but also interests and attractions
The Fifth Skandha: Consciousness (Vijnana, or in Pali, Vinnana)- reaction that has one of the six senses as its basis
Foods and Holidays
The food grown and hunted in North Korea in the rural areas are corn rice and seafood. In the city, by Pyongyang (the capital) they have a diet of meat, beans, and peas.

The ingredients in the main dishes usually includes rice, noodles, vegetables, meats and tofu. North Koreans have a side dish, the most famous being the banchan, including the spicy banchan and cucumber, cabbage, or radish.

The ingredients have to be in perfect harmony, a balance of warm and cold, hot and mild, rough and soft, solid and liquid, and presentation of colors

New Year's Day- January 1st
Birthday of General Kim Jong Il- February 16th
Day of the Sun. Birthday of President Kim Il Sung- April 15th
Foundation day of the Korean People's Army- April 25th
Foundation of the Workers' Party of Korea- October 10th
Chusok- August 15th (clean late family members' graves and hold a memorial
Tano- May 5th (a large festival because the weather is nice)
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