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The Implications of Gratification

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Natalie DeCiantis

on 27 May 2015

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Transcript of The Implications of Gratification

1. Choose a location to conduct the experiment

2. Select a test-subject

3. Place the rewards (treats) on a platform in front of subject

4. Explain the options being given to the test-subject:
a. Receive one treat immediately, or call the researcher back at any time throughout the experiment and only receive one reward
b. Wait until researcher returns, and receive two treats

5. Researcher leaves, waits any duration of time between three and ten minutes

6. Researcher returns, due to either being called or waiting the duration of time

7. Researcher distributes treats according to the test subjects decision

8. Researcher asks several questions to the test subject in regards to their experience in the experiment

9. Researcher records the data and analyzes it
Overview of Topic
Experiment Goals
This experiment was created to examine the process of decision making in people of all ages, in correlation with Sigmund Freud's Personality Theory. It tested the tendencies to use the id personality, instant gratification, in oppose to the ego personality, delayed gratification. This experiment also tested the issue of social trust in society in relation to delayed gratification.
Key Questions
How are people of different ages and genders most likely to respond when given a choice between instant gratification and delayed gratification?
Does an individual's lack of social trust correlate with their decision to choose instant gratification instead of delayed gratification?
How do people's decisions to chose instant gratification, in relation to the id personality, affect their lives, and society as a whole?
The Implications of Gratification

This topic studies the
involved in the process of decision making in regards to gratification. It uses concepts derived from Sigmund Freud's Theory of Personality.
Our experiment results correlated with our hypothesis, and questionnaire results
The implications of gratification are relevant to decision making in today's society
Males are more likely to choose instant gratification, in comparison to females
Both age and gender play a key role in the implications of gratification
The following data was collected from the sample survey distributed to forty people of all ages
Observations for Males
Aged Under 20
Observations for
Aged Under 20
Methodology of Experimentation
Aged 20-40
Aged 20-40
By: Natalie DeCiantis and Abby Love
Due to the many advantages of long-term planning, most individuals will chose to wait and receive the later reward, instead of choosing to receive the immediate reward.
Relevance to Society
Aged Over 40
Aged over 40
In conclusion, our study served to prove the hypothesis correct. Generally, people understand the benefits of delayed gratification and are more likely to opt for a larger reward in the future. However, the data showed that a large part of the population is affected by social trust when decision making.Overall, people should be more aware of the implications of instant gratification, in order to reach their full potentials in future situations. The data displayed that decision making is impacted by both maturity and gender respectively.

Delaying Gratification. (n.d.). Retrieved March 9, 2015, from https://www.apa.org/helpcenter/willpower-gratification.pdf

Gordon, Ph.D., B. (2014, January 11). Delayed Gratification: A Battle That Must Be Won. Retrieved March 8, 2015.

Makin, S. (2013, March 1). To Predict Success in Children, Look Beyond Willpower. Retrieved March 9, 2015.

Stevenson, D. (1998, January 1). Freud's Division of the Mind. Retrieved March 9, 2015.

University of Colorado at Boulder. (2013, September 4). Ability to delay gratification may be linked to social trust. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 12, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130904114841.htm

Common belief in society that choosing delayed gratification is better
Social trust affects decisions
Relates to many prominent social issues in everyday life
Awareness of the benefits of long-term planning and delayed gratification
Secondary Research
Freud's Division of the Mind
By: David B. Stevenson
Discusses Sigmund Freud's Theory of the Mind in relation to gratification
"The id will not stand for a delay in gratification"
For the ego, "immediate gratification is usually impossible"
The ego "represses certain urges of the id in fear of punishment"
Delaying Gratification
By:The American Psychologist Association
Instant gratification causes "impulsive and emotional" behaviors
Delayed gratification causes individuals to respond with " knowledge [of their] sensations, feelings, actions, and goals"
The struggle between instant and delayed gratification is like the pull between hot and cold personalities
Tendencies towards the id and ego personalities fluctuate through one's lifetime and are influenced by maturity
Delayed Gratification: A Battle That Must Be Won
"The length of time a child waits before eating the marshmallow is a better predictor of intelligence that future success"
Children who chose delayed gratification are more likely to show "greater academic, emotional, and social competence [later on in life] and higher SAT scores [as well]"
Ability to Delay Gratification May Be Linked to Social Trust
Published By: The University of Colorado at Boulder
Studied the impact of social trust on making a decision between instant and delayed gratification
People who chose delayed gratification are more likely to "be more socially conscious as adults, less obese,... and less likely to abuse drugs and alcohol"
People who chose instant gratification are not thinking about the long term consequences
People may not believe that others will follow through on their promise for delayed gratification
To Predict Success in Children, Look Beyond Willpower
By: Simon Makin
There are physical differences in brain structure between those who can resist temptations and those who cannot
For a child, delayed gratification is only a "rational choice if the child believes a second reward is likely to follow"
The Questionnaire
Full transcript