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Ch 3 Lesson 3 - Cowboys and Miners
Transcript of Ch 3 Lesson 3 - Cowboys and Miners
SS5H3 The student will describe how life changed in America at the turn of the century.
a. Describe the role of the cattle trails in the late 19th century; include the Black Cowboys of Texas, the Great Western Cattle Trail, and the Chisholm Trail.
b. Describe the impact on American life of the Wright brothers (flight), George Washington Carver (science), Alexander Graham Bell (communication), and Thomas Edison (electricity).
c. Explain how William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt expanded America’s role in the world; include the Spanish-American War and the building of the Panama Canal.
d. Describe the reasons people emigrated to the United States, from where they emigrated, and where they settled.
e. Describe the impact of westward expansion on Native Americans; include the Battle of the Little Bighorn and the relocation of Native Americans to reservations. EQ: How did cattle drives and a search for gold offer new opportunities and lead to changes in the U.S.? Vocab:
Entrepreneur Cowboy Life
Longhorn cattle sold for $4.00 in Texas but $40.00 in the east.
Cowboys began the cattle drive or guiding herds of cattle north to the railroad.
The cattle drive began in Texas and ended in railroad town like Dodge City, Kansas.
The cattle was then placed on trains and sold in the east. Ranchers like Charles Goodnight established cow trails.
Cowboy life was hard but offered adventure.
Cowboys had to care for the animals both cows and horses.
Freed slaves like Nat Love found a life as a cowboy. The End of the Drives
Cattle drives came to an end in the late 1880’s
One reason was a conflict between farmers and ranchers.
Farmers used barbed wire to keep the cattle away from their crops and water.
Railroads in Texas also helped end the cattle drives. Although the cattle drives were over the cattle business was still a big business.
The railroads made places like Chicago, Illinois important to ranchers.
The cattle was delivered to Chicago and from there fresh meat was delivered all over the country. Dreams of Gold
People who moved to the west helped change the country.
People like Luzena Stanley Wilson moved her family to California to look for gold in 1849.
During the gold rush, thousands of people went to California to look for gold.
People felt that gold may be found in other parts of the country as well In a small creek near Denver, Colorado, gold was also found.
People from all over began moving to all parts of the west.
Miners scooped sand from the bottom of streams looking for “gold dust.” Boomtowns and Blue Jeans
Miners were quick to rush to towns were gold was found.
As people rushed into towns it created a boom or a period of quick economic gain. Boomtowns offered many opportunities.
Entrepreneurs began opening business in these boomtowns.
One such entrepreneur was Levi Strauss Levi Strauss found that miners wanted sturdy pants. He made pants out of blue denim and rivets to hold the pants together.
These were the first blue jeans.
One of the biggest boomtowns was Virginia City, Nevada when gold and silver was discovered there. A writer named Mark Twain arrived in 1862, years before he became famous.
The boomtowns did not last, creating a bust or a ghost town. Review Questions
Why did ranchers decide to drive cattle from Texas to towns along the railroad?
What changes brought cattle drives to an end? Charles Goodnight Nat Love Luzena Stanley Wilson Levi Strauss Mark Twain