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Copy of Slavery and Abolitionism

Conditions of slavery in the South antebellum and attempts to reform
by

Tony Magnon

on 17 April 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Slavery and Abolitionism

Let's examine the slave codes that existed in the antebellum South
Can you imagine picking all this by hand?
Early Emancipation in the North
Southern Population
Southern Agriculture
1820
1860
Most slaves worked as field hands on cotton plantations
They were responsible for clearing land, planting, and harvesting crops
As soon as slaves could work they were put into the fields
Some slaves became skilled workers, artisans, or blacksmiths
A blind slave repairing fishing nets
State of Georgia Slave Codes 1848
Crimes punishable by death if committed by a slave or a free person of color
Insurrection or an attempt to excite it
Circulating incendiary documents
Committing or attempting rape on a white female
Murdering a white person, slave, or free person of color, or attempting murder
Punishment for manslaughter
Whipping at the discretion of the court and a branding on the cheek of the letter "M"
Punishment for striking a white person
First offense - any punishment not including death
Second offense - Death
Punishment for teaching a slave to read
Fine or whipping
Punishment for harboring runaways
Same punishment as the slave will receive
Slave Codes
Laws meant to keep slaves from running away or rebelling
No groups of more than 3
Cannot leave property w/out pass
No guns
Cannot testify in court
No reading or writing
Slaves often worked 16 hours a day and whippings were common punishments
Slave Muzzle
Family Brands
Southern Pro Slavery Propaganda
Owners could separate families by selling members to other farms
Strong extended families were formed in the slave communities
In 1831 a slave preacher named Nat Turner led a rebellion killing 57 whites
Turner was caught and hanged
The American Colonization Society
Goal:
Set up a colony in West Africa for freed slaves
In 1822 the nation of Liberia was formed and several thousand free blacks chose to resettle there
Liberian Flag
Liberian $
Abolitionists
Wanted to totally eliminate slavery
Frederick Douglass
As a child taught himself how to read and write before escaping slavery
Lectured throughout the US and England against the evils of slavery
Douglass started his own antislavery newspaper
The Grimke Sisters - Sarah and Angelina
Daughters of a wealthy southern slave owner
Spoke about evils of slavery
Harriet Tubman
Led 300 slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad
Black Moses
Harriet Tubman Quotes:
"I had reasoned this out in my mind,there was one of two things I had a right to;liberty or death;if I could not have one,I would have the other."
"I had crossed the line. I was free, but there was no one to welcome me to the land of freedom.I was a stranger in a strange land."
"Quakers are almost as good as coloreds...They call themselves friends and you can trust'em everytime."
"I never ran my train off the track, and I never lost a passenger."
William Lloyd Garrison
White abolitionist who started the anti-slavery newspaper "The Liberator"
He also started the New England Anti-slavery Society
In the first issue he said, "I do not wish to think, or speak, or write with moderation...I am in earnest, I will not equivocate, I will not excuse, I will not retreat a single inch."
The Levi Coffin House
Known as the "Grand Central Station" of the Underground Railroad
Located in Newport (Fountain City), IN
President of the UR

The Peculiar Institution
Full transcript