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Pollard 2


Emily Brown

on 8 July 2009

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Transcript of Pollard 2

Preparing for college A guide for families goals for this workshop: Understand the benefits of a college education Learn the pathways to college Learn how to prepare for college admission Why would someone want to go to college? There will be more job opportunities More and more often jobs are requiring education beyond highschool. Many jobs rely on new technology and require "brain power." To gain more knowledge that will be helpful throughout a students' life. To broaden perspectives- the college experience often exposes us to new people from diverse cultures and backgrounds. To learn how to be independent and self reliant. The US census Bureau tells us that a 4 year college education ( resulting in a Bachelors Degree) earns almost $1 million more over their lifetime that a high school graduate! a 4 year college graduate earns about $52,200 annually on average, compared to $30,400 for a high school graduate Increased education is also associated with: Better working conditions Longer job tenure More on-the-job training opportunities More opportunity for promotion There are many pathways to a college education High School Work 2 year College 4 year College 4 year University There are different types of Colleges 4 year college 4 year university 2 year college Vocational/Technical college or academy 4 year Colleges Award 4 year (Bachelor) degrees Some also award master's degrees Emphasis is on Liberal Arts education Broad education in social sciences, humanities, sciences Smaller enrollment and class size, offering greater individual attention. Emphasis on teaching rather than research There are both public and private 4 year colleges. Universities Award Bachelor Degrees and graduate/professional degrees Master's, P.h.D., Law, and Medical Degrees Emphasis is on liberal arts education or specialized training (e.g. teacher, engineering) Strong empahsis on research Universities tend to have larger enrollments and larger class sizes than 4 year colleges Universities can be public or private. 2 year colleges Award Associate Degrees or certificates of study. Offers technical training in specific occupations like book keeping or culinary arts. Can prepare students for transfer to a 4 year college or univeristy. Most have an open admissions policy, requiring only a high school diploma or equivalent. Most are nonresidential. Students can attend classes part time or full time. Most public 2 year colleges have very low fees. Technical colleges Usually award certificates of study in career-specific programs Auto Repair Computer Technology Medical Assistance Bookkeeping or Accounting Some award Associate Degrees. Keep in mind that some community colleges offer similar certificate programs but at a lower cost. College admission requirements Most 4 year colleges require students to fulfill 4 requirements to be considered for admission. 1. Complete the sequence of college- preparatory courses. 2. Complete the college entrance tests (SAT or ACT). 3. Earn good grades. 4. Submit an application and personal statement or admission essay. #1 College preparatory courses History/Social Science- 2 years minimum. English- 4 years minimum. Math- 3 years minimum, 4 recommended. Laboratory Science- 2 years minimum, 3 recommended. Languages other than English- 2 years minimum in the same language, 3 recommended. Electives- 1 year minimum, 2 recommended. There are some things to remember as you choose the right college-prep courses. High school graduation requirements may differ from college admission requirements. Check with your high school counselor and enroll your students in courses that meet both requirements, where possible. Honors or Advanced Placement are courses that provide accelerated or advanced study. Some four year colleges and universities give extra weight to these courses. Be assertive with your child's high school counselor; don't be afraid to provide input on which courses your child should be enrolled in. Create an academic plan. #2 Grades and GPAs Colleges look closely at the grades that students earn in college-prep courses. The grades are converted into points. A=4, B=3, C=2, D=1, F=0 The total points are divided by the number of courses to determine the Grade Point Average, or GPA. For expample, a straight A average = 4.0 GPA. The minimum GPA required for admission to a 4 year college or university varies widely. Strive for a B average, or 3.0 GPA. A higher GPA in rigerous courses will increase your chances of admission to more selective colleges and universities. Some colleges have an "eligibility index" where the GPA and test scores are combined and used to determine eligibility. #3 College entrance tests Most 4 year colleges and universities require: 1. SAT I or ACT 2. Some colleges also require or recommend the SAT II subject test. Take practice tests to become familiar with the test format: Most high schools offer the Preliminary SAT (PSAT) or the ACT-Explore or ACT-PLAN Most 2 year colleges do not require the SAT or ACT, but may require that students take placement exams in math or English. #4 Admission Application At most 4 year colleges the application consists of: Application form Personal Statement or Essay High School Transcript Some colleges might also require: Letters of recomendation and possibly an interview. Remember to submit the application by the filing deadline (usually in November-December) Check the requirements of individual colleges no later than the end of junior year in high school Now, here are some things that are not required, but recommended. Colleges and Universities look for "well-rounded" students. Participate in extracurricular activities. Sports Student Government Music, Drama, and Visual Arts Community and Volunteer Service Part-time jobs. Here are some tips on how to start preparing for college.....NOW. READ, READ, READ Good readers make good thinkers and good writers. The more you read the more you know. Promote good study habits. Turn off the television. Set aside time for homework. Find a quiet study space. Meet with your child's teachers to learn about his or her performance. Tell the teachers that you have high expectations for your child. Learn the college-preparatory course requirementents: Push to get into these courses in high school. Push to get into honors and AP courses in high school, if they are available. What you do outside of class matters. Sports Visit College Campuses Find colleges in your area and schedule a tour. Make a college visit part of a vacation. Ask your councelor if your school is planning a field trip to a college you are interested in. Check college web sites for virtual tours. There are several factors to consider when choosing a college. Size What is the total student population? How big are the typical freshmen classes? Location How far is the college from home? Is it rural, urban, or suburban? What is the area surrounding the campus like? People Who are the students? Where do they come from? Academics What majors are available? Who teaches the courses? What is the academic reputation of the college? Social Opportunities What clubs or sports are available? Are there fraternities and sororities? Cost What is the total cost of attendance, including tuition, room and board, and books? What kind of financial aid is available? College search tools The College Board www.collegeboard.com ACT/College Net www.act.org Peterson's Guide to College www.petersons.com FinAid: the Smart Student Guide to Financial Aid www.finaid.org Paying for college The average cost of attendance at a 4-year college or university ranges from $10,636 to $26,854 per year. More than 60% of undergraduates receove some form of financial aid (grants, scholarships, loans or work-study. Here are some tips: If you can, save. Apply for financial aid, even if you don't think you qualify. Finally, some things to keep in mind: The more you learn, the more you earn. The U.S. has 3,500 colleges; one (or more) is right for you. It's never too late, or too early, to prepare for college. Advocate for your child with their teachers and school. The more you read, the more you know. Apply for financial aid. Thank you. Church Honor Society Clubs Part-time job fin.
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