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Alissen Moreno

on 22 May 2014

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Transcript of Pakistan

Population and Demographics
Important Places
Status Update
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Total Growth Population: 196,174,380

Growth Rate: 1.49%

Life Expectancy: 67.05 years

Literacy Rate: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 54.9%
male: 68.6%
female: 40.3%

Core Areas of Population:

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flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Baluchistan plateau in west
Major Cities
Physical Geography
Natural Resouces
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Getting to know Pakistan
East Asia

Rivers and Bodies of Water:Arabian Sea of the northern Indian Ocean, Manchhar Lake, Kerjhar Lake and Hammal Lake, The Indus River etc..

Climates: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Cultural Geography:
Physical Landforms
Enviornmental Concerns
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water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural freshwater resources; most of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

One of the prevalent rituals for Muslims is the month of Ramadan, during which time they are required to fast from dawn to sunset (this is not required of very young children, the elderly, or pregnant women). Ramadan is also a time when Muslims thank Allah for his blessings during the past year. An additional requirement during Ramadan is that all Muslims must help the less fortunate with both cash and food gifts. The Eid, or day ending Ramadan, starts with an elaborate breakfast; then Muslims go to a mosque or special park for prayer.

An equally important Muslim celebration is Eid-I-Milad-un-Nabi, the birth of the prophet Muhammad, on the twelfth day of Rabi-uh-Awwal, which is the third month of the Muslim calendar. In addition to special gatherings in mosques, where the story of the life and mission of Muhammad is told, large groups of Muslims parade through the streets singing praise to Muhammad. Even private homes are decorated (as are the mosques) in celebration and praise of Muhammad.

Another important Muslim religious festival is Shab-I-Barat, which is held on the fourteenth day of Shaban, the eighth month of the Muslim year. The belief is that on this day the lives and fortunes of mankind are registered in Heaven for the coming year. During Muharram, which is the first month of the Muslim calendar, the martyrdom of Imam Husain, the grandson of Muhammad, is commemorated. For the first nine days of the month the death is recounted, and then on the tenth day, which is the day he was murdered, there are barefoot processions with persons carrying banners relating to the tragedy of his death.

Major cities in Pakistan:

Karachi, Pakistan
Lahore, Pakistan
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Multan, Pakistan Hyderabad, Pakistan
Gujranwala, Pakistan
Peshawar, Pakistan
Sheikhupura, Pakistan
Jhang, Pakistan Quetta, Pakistan
Islamabad, Pakistan
Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Sargodha, Pakistan
Sialkot, Pakistan

Political Geography
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Languages:Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%

Religions:Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6%

Education:The education system in Pakistan is generally divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high (grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate or SSC); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary (School) Certificate or HSC); and university programs leading to undergraduate and graduate degrees.

Foods: Balochistan, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, involves the use of mild aromatic spices, characterizing affinities to the cuisines of neighbouring Afghanistan, Iran and Central Asia

Family or Kinship:
Pakistani social life revolves around family and kin. Even among members of the most Westernized elite, family retains its overarching significance. The family is the basis of social organization, providing its members with both identity and protection. Rarely does an individual live apart from relatives; even male urban migrants usually live with relatives or friends of kin. Children live with their parents until marriage, and sons often stay with their parents after marriage, forming a joint family
Belief System:
Clothing and Art
The Pakistan National Council of the Arts (PNCA) has established the National Gallery, the Sadequinn Gallery, and the National Music and Dance Center. They also regularly hold exhibitions, seminars and theater workshops.

There are a wide variety of graphic art examples, including handpainted clay products, the hand design for batik products, and block printing called Ajrak. Glazed pottery with handpainted designs is common throughout the country, and artistic work in clay goes back thousands of years.

Pakistani handicrafts are as varied as the ethnic backgrounds of the craftsmen and include work in wood, beaten brass and copperware, pottery, and jewelry, a wide variety of fabrics that feature embroidery, and the hand-designed carpets for which Pakistan is internationally recognized.

Pakistani dressing has similarities with Indian dressing because of pre-independence culture which was shared by these nations for thousand years but the religious factor was always there which makes a difference. Traditional Pakistani dressing also shares similarities between the ethnic groups of central Asia and ethnicities of the Iranian plateau such as the Turkic ethnic groups (i.e. Khazakhs, Uzbeks, Turkmens) and Iranian ethnic groups (Tajiks, Khorasani Persians and Pashtoons), that have been separate from the cultures of modern day Pakistan during the Durand agreement between Afghanistan and the British raj.
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The official national sport of Pakistan is field hockey, but cricket and squash are the most popular sports. The Pakistan national field hockey team has won the Hockey World Cup a record four times. The Pakistan national cricket team won the Cricket World Cup in 1992, were runners-up in 1999, and co-hosted the games in 1987 and 1996. Additionally, they have also won the ICC World Twenty20 in 2009 and were runners-up in 2007. The team has also won the Austral-Asia Cup in 1986, 1990, and 1994.
Form of government: Federal Republic

Branches of Government: Executive, Legislative, Judicial which all powers are vested by the Constitution in the Parliament, the Prime Minister and the Supreme Court

Current Leaders: Mamnoon Hussain

Important Domestic Issues: "Pakistan is facing serious economic challenges. Overall vulnerabilities and crisis risks are high, with subpar growth and unsustainable fiscal and balance of payments positions," said Nemat Shafik, the IMF Deputy Managing Director and Acting Chair.

Important International Issues:The country is plagued by corruption and saddled with debt to both internal and external creditors at overwhelming rates of interest. Far from improving, the situation is steadily deteriorating, weakening Pakistan further and leaving it exposed to manipulative foreign entities such as the IMF and other international institutions and nations. The very real effects of this today include load shedding of electricity in major cities for over 14 hours at a time, a near default on financial obligations and harrowing cases of human tragedy ranging from suicide to selling offspring due to crushing poverty and sheer desperation.
Economic Geograpy
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Type of Economy:pakistan has mixed type of economy,where market forces mostly determine the price of commodities but within the rules and laws determined by the government

Division of Labor Force:agriculture: 45.1%
industry: 20.7%
services: 34.2%

GDP - Per Capita:$3,100

Percent of Population below Poverty line:Poverty in Pakistan is difficult to quantify. In 2006, the methodology used by the Pakistani government to estimate those living in poverty was challenged by the World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). At that time, the government estimate was that 23.9 per cent of the population lived below the poverty line but the independent organisations assessed the figure in the range of 25.7 - 28.3 per cent.[1] Those independent bodies supported estimates of a considerable fall in the statistic by the 2007-08 fiscal year, when it was estimated that 17.2% of the total population lived below the poverty line.[2] The declining trend in poverty as seen in the country during the 1970s and 1980s was reversed in the 1990s by poor federal policies and rampant corruption.

Important People:
Imran Khan:
Pakistani politician who founded Pakistan's Tehreek-e-Insaf party. He became it's Chairman in 1998 after playing for the Pakistan National cricket team from 1971 to 1992.

Benhazir Bhutto:11th Prime Minister of Pakistan who, in 1988, became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state. She was assassinated in a bombing in Pakistan after spending nine years in self-exile

Bilawal Bhutto: Pakistani politician who became the Co-Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party in 2007. He is the only son of former President Asif Ali Zardari and former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto. He, like the late Zuflikar Bhutto, was an important figure in Pakistan politics
Asif Ali Zardari:President of Pakistan from 2008 to 2013 who was the first ever democratically elected president of Pakistan to successfully complete a five year term. He was also the First Gentleman of Pakistan when his wife, Benazir Bhutto, became Prime Minister in 1993

Altaf Hussain:
British Pakistani politician who is the founder and leader of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) in Pakistan. He is a controversial figure in Pakistani politics who has been accused to being eager to use violence to fight for power.

Fatima Jinnah: One of the Founding mothers of Pakistan who was the Leader of the Opposition from 1960 to 1967. She was a close advisor to her older brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who was the first Governor General of Pakistan.

Badshahi Mosque

Lahore Forte
Tomb of Jahangir
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