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Internal Migration during 1900-1945
Transcript of Internal Migration during 1900-1945
Michelle Tran A1
During the early 1900s, specifically 1900 to 1945, many Americans migrated to various parts of the country for many social and economic reasons, changing how individuals interacted with one another as well as changing the overall economy of the United States.
Analyze the causes and effects of changes in internal migration patterns from 1900-1945
Reasons for black migration to the North:
falling cotton prices causing an economic depression in the south
boll weevil insects destroying cotton crop
Jim Crow laws
The Dust Bowl in the 1930s
-extreme drought and decades of poor agricultural practices reduces the topsoil in the plains to dust
-farmers moved west to find jobs, homes, etc
-FDR approves several acts in hopes of helping the farmers and to recover the Great Plains
"And then the dispossessed were drawn west- from Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico; from Nevada and Arkansas, families, tribes, dusted out, tractored out. Car-loads, caravans, homeless and hungry; twenty thousand and fifty thousand and a hundred thousand and two hundred thousand. They streamed over the mountains, hungry and restless - restless as ants, scurrying to find work to do - to lift, to push, to pull, to pick, to cut - anything, any burden to bear, for food. The kids are hungry. We got no place to live. Like ants scurrying for work, for food, and most of all for land."
- John Steinbeck,
The Grapes of Wrath
The Great Migration (1910-1940)
-contains graphs showing where people in each state have moved to since the 1900s
-WWI (1914-1918, U.S. entered 1917)
-women and blacks replaced the workforce as many men were drafted to fight in WWI
Just like the Great Migration, during the Second Great Migration (1940-1970), millions of African Americans moved away from the South and moved to the North, Midwest, and West to find more jobs, such as those provided by factories during WWII, and to escape from the discrimination still lingering in parts of the country.