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Clauses and Sentence Structure

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by

Kierstin Hurtt

on 13 March 2013

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Transcript of Clauses and Sentence Structure

I can produce complete sentences,
recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.
I can place phrases and clauses within a sentence, recognizing and correcting misplaced and dangling modifiers.
I can identify how language functions in different contexts. I can define and identify
clause
main clause
subordinate clause I can define and identify
simple sentence
compound sentence
complex sentence
compound-complex sentence I can define and identify:
adverb clauses
noun clauses You're done! Skills Skills Clauses and Sentence Structure: Learning Targets Stories entertain, and people listen. The author wrote vividly, but the editor asked
for many changes. Stories entertain because they are amusing. (main clause) (main clause) (main clause) (main clause) (main clause) (subordinate clause) Stories entertain. (main clause) = simple sentence Stories about the Old West entertain
adults and children alike. (main clause) = simple sentence Stories entertain, and riddles amuse. Stories entertain, and riddles amuse, but
poems delight. (main clause) (main clause) (main clause) (main clause) (main clause) main clause + main clause= compound sentence I like Toni Cade Bambara's stories because they have real-life characters. (main clause) (subordinate clause) main clause + subordinate clause
= complex sentence main clause + main clause=
compound sentence I read Frankenstein, which was written
by Mary Shelley, and I wrote a report about it. (main clause) (main clause) (subordinate clause) main clause + main clause + subordinate clause = compound-complex sentence I can define and identify
adjective clause
relative pronoun
essential (restrictive) clause
nonessential (nonrestrictive) clause The horror story that has always been my favorite is "The Black Cat." (main clause) (adjective clause) that has always been my favorite - describes the story = adjective clause adjective clauses begin with
relative pronouns:
who
whom
whose
that
which I like a writer who surprises me.

The Elizabethan Age spans the time when
Elizabeth I ruled.

That is the house where I was born.

"The Black Cat" is the story that I like best.

Edgar Allan Poe, who is my favorite author,
wrote "The Black Cat."

"The Black Cat," which I like best, is thrilling. essential (no commas) nonessential (commas) I studied hard before I took the test.

I was happy because I passed the test.

I can study better if there is no noise.

Before I took the test, I studied hard. When did I study? Why was I
happy? Under what
condition
can I study? When did I study? Whoever lives on a farm often eats home-grown food.

A drought affects whatever grows outdoors.

Give whoever comes to the door a donation for Farmer's Aid.

Crops are fertilized with whatever will make them grow fast and strong.

I believe [that] nobody works harder than farmers. subject direct object indirect object object of the preposition direct object (ellipsis) I can define and identify
declarative sentence
imperative sentence
interrogative sentence
exclamatory sentence
sentence fragment
run-on sentence
comma splice The lion is chasing the ostriches. Look at the fleeing ostriches. What did the lion chase? What a good time we had! declarative: makes a statement imperative: gives a command or makes a request interrogative: asks a question expresses a strong emotion Woodpeckers ate suet from my bird feeder last winter. Seemed to be particularly fond of it. A large bird with blue feathers eating from the feeder for weeks. I filled both the feeder with sunflower seeds. Which both the jays and the cardinals seem to like. -lacks subject -lacks complete verb -has subordinate clause only Tanya and Naoko are both going to work as camp
counselors this summer, they are looking forward
to the experience. Tanya and Naoko feel the job has many advantages working with children is one of them. They will enjoy what they will be doing and they
will be earning money too. comma splice: uses a comma where a period/semicolon should go no punctuation between main clauses missing a comma
with a conjunction
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