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COMM 170 Lecture 3

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Aparna Halpe

on 12 July 2016

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Transcript of COMM 170 Lecture 3

COMM 170 Lecture 3
Our Truths

Myth
Different Stories; Different Worlds.
Recognizing Structure
Please divide into 5 Groups and paraphrase the
following sections from Al Gore's "The Moment of Truth:"
Group 1: 1--2 [Identify hook, topics, thesis]
Group 2: 3--10
Group 3: 11-- 20
Group 4: 21 -- 27
Group 5: 28 -- 32 [Identify restated thesis]

In today's class:
1. Parallelism.
2. The "five" idea essay.
3. Paraphrasing.
4. Cause and Effect.
5. Analysis of "What a Certain Visionary Once Said."

The "Five" Idea Structure
I want Group 1 & Group 5 to read each other's sections carefully.
Can you find the thesis statement in each?

Group 2, 3 & 4, what are your topics?
How does each topic lead to the next?
Unity
"Unity" is the way a writer creates links between a thesis, topics and conclusion.

Do the topics in this essay refer back to the thesis?

Does Gore's argument persuade you to be more environmentally conscious?
Break
What A Certain Visionary Once Said.
As I read through this essay, please write down the different images and emotions that you feel in response to the passages.

Track where you feel confused, and can't really understand what he is saying!
Sentence Structure
Take a look at the first sentence of Highway's essay.

Do you see a common grammar "problem" in it?

Why do you think Highway uses this form of sentence structure?
Comparing Gore and Highway
Both Gore and Highway talk about our responsibilities to the world we live in.

Does one communicate more powerfully to you?

Why?
Parallelism
Parallelism maintains the unity between clauses in any sentence.
Problems with parallelism usually have two causes: Logic, or grammar.
What is the problem with this sentence?
My brother likes to eat cake, drink tea, and climb mountains.
What's ths problem with this sentence?
My brother likes to eat cake, drink tea, and climbing mountains.
Please turn to p. 280.

Based on what we have read, is Al Gore's essay a "cause and effect" piece?

What is the "cause" and what is the "effect" he's describing in relation to his main topic?

Cause and Effect
Ways of Responding to the World.
In "The Moment of Truth," Al Gore articulates his concern over the global environmental crisis we are facing.

His solutions for this crisis are also formulated along lines that we are familiar with: Technology, the economy, etc.
But this might not be the only way of responding to the world.
We learn how to be in this world by creating stories about it, by interpreting those stories, and understanding our positions and responsibilities within those stories.
The original word to describe stories that teach us how to be in the world, is "Myth."
Cree is a language based on what is known as syllabics.

In order to approximate Cree, Highway writes with multiple repetitions in structure and sound.
Let's listen to extract from the Canadian ethnobotanist Wade Davis's TED talk "Dreams of Endangered Cultures"
http://www.ted.com/talks/wade_davis_on_endangered_cultures?language=en
Robin Schultz, "Prayer in C"
City Natives,
"Straight Chief'n"
Full transcript