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COMM 170 Lecture 3

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Aparna Halpe

on 27 September 2017

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Transcript of COMM 170 Lecture 3

COMM 170 Lecture 3
Our Truths

Presentation Structure
Different Stories; Different Worlds.
Recognizing Structure
Please divide into 5 Groups and paraphrase the
following sections from Al Gore's "The Moment of Truth:"
Group 1: 1--2 [Identify hook, topics, thesis]
Group 2: 3--10
Group 3: 11-- 20
Group 4: 21 -- 27
Group 5: 28 -- 32 [Identify restated thesis]

In today's class:
1. Intro to Oral Presentations
2. Parallelism.
3. The "five" idea essay.
4. Paraphrasing.
5. Cause and Effect.
6. Analysis of "What a Certain Visionary Once Said."

The "Five" Idea Structure
I want Group 1 & Group 5 to read each other's sections carefully.
Can you find the thesis statement in each?

Group 2, 3 & 4, what are your topics?
How does each topic lead to the next?
Unity
"Unity" is the way a writer creates links between a thesis, topics and conclusion.

Do the topics in this essay refer back to the thesis?

Does Gore's argument persuade you to be more environmentally conscious?
Break
What do Madmen who Speak Cree Know?
As I read through this essay, please write down the different images and emotions that you feel in response to the passage.

What is the predominant emotion invoked in this passage?

How does the author create this?
Unusual Narrative Techniques
Take a look at the first sentence of Highway's essay.

Do you see a common grammar "problem" in it?

Why do you think Highway uses this form of sentence structure?
Crossing Language Barriers through Alliteration
Alliteration is the repetition of identical vowel or consonant sounds in a sentence (Gerten, 2000).
Parallelism
Parallelism maintains the unity between clauses in any sentence.
Problems with parallelism usually have two causes: Logic, or grammar.
What is the problem with this sentence?
My brother likes to eat cake, drink tea, and climb mountains.
What's ths problem with this sentence?
My brother likes to eat cake, drink tea, and climbing mountains.
Please turn to p. 280.

Based on what we have read, is Al Gore's essay a "cause and effect" piece?

What is the "cause" and what is the "effect" he's describing in relation to his main topic?

Cause and Effect
Elements to a Good Oral Presentation
Use visuals/ mixed media or any visual/aural technique to get your reader's attention
Have a clear structure to the presentation
Make sure that research is included in a way that directly supports the presentation theme/argument
Include questions for the audience on presentation content
Practice to make sure you stay on time!
A presentation needs to be polished and professional.

Always check that font on slides is visible to the last person in the audience.

Diligently check every slide for spelling/grammar/punctuation and APA format errors

Present yourself appropriately -- dress, body language, diction etc. are all important
Robin Schultz, "Prayer in C"
City Natives, "Straight Chief'n"
Provide an introduction to the primary text. Summarize its main argument and introduce the key themes/arguments the presentation will focus on. (4 slides, 1 min per slide)
Provide one supporting topic per slide. Make sure to include research that backs up the supporting points. Include in text citations in APA format, and references at the bottom of the slide. (4-5 slides)
Conclude by wrapping up themes ideas and segue into discussion questions that open up the conclusions drawn to the audience. Ask directed question based on the content of the presentation.
KEEP TRACK OF TIME!
"What a Certain Visionary Once Said" is Cree writer, Tomson Highway's meditative essay on the relationship between culture and climate change (Highway, 2015, pp.61-62).
Let's read a sentence from Highway... (Highway, 2015, p.61)
Highway uses alliteration as a means to create an aural sense of the Cree language.

Cree is an extremely complex language whose script is based purely on syllabics.
"In the Cree Syllabary, the characters are associated with the sound of what can be thought of as consonants in English [...] Each character is presented in one of four orientations corresponding, if you like, to our conventional representations of north, south, east and west" (Bennet and Berry, 1989, pp. 31-32).
As Bennet and Barry attempt to demonstrate, the Cree language draws its orientation directly from the structures of the natural world.

Let's read paragraph 2 of Highway's essay (Highway, 2015. p.61).

Does our rudimentary conceptualization of Cree help us to understand what Highway is saying?
Nature and Human Nature
Let's read paragraph 3 of Highway's essay (Highway, 2015, p.61)

Highway uses parallel structure to create a relationship between the natural world, and human nature.

What can we learn about human nature, from observing our surroundings?
So we got the last word, eh?
Let's read the conclusion of Highway's essay on p.62.

This section is much shorter, and more abrupt than the rest of the essay.
What makes it that way?

Why does Highway end his essay with the word, "eh"?
Final Thoughts...
Our understanding of the world is based on the stories we tell;
our stories are vehicles for the ideologies we believe in;

our ideologies will govern the actions that determine how we treat our environment and fellow living beings.
Leanne Betasamosake Simpson "How to Steal a Canoe"
Full transcript