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Second Hand Smoking

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by

Michelle Robichaud

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Second Hand Smoking

& The Harmful Effects Second Hand Smoke What is Second Hand Smoke? Second-hand smoke is the smoke
that comes from an idling
cigarette as well as the
smoke exhaled by the smoker. Forms of SHS Side Stream Smoke: The smoke that enters the air directly from the lit end of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe Health Concerns Second hand smoke can also be referred to as Passive Smoke or Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Main Stream Smoke: The smoke that is exhaled into the air by the smoker Second hand smoke has many effects on the health of those exposed.
Cancers, respiratory problems, heart disease
Second hand smoke is the number two cause of lung cancer
Children are more at risk due to their developing lungs and immune system Contains more carcinogens
Smaller particle size = easily penetrate cells Dental Implications Studies show that children exposed to second hand smoke have a greater incidence of caries Second hand smoke is also linked to signs of periodontal disease in children Higher pathogenic bacteria
Acidic saliva
Low rate of salivary flow Continine = metabolite of nicotine Children exposed to SHS have continine in their saliva, urine, and gingival crevicular fluid Children with high concentrations of continine show lower clinical attachment levels http://www.howelldentalassociates.com/images/gum-disease/gum-disease3.jpg Ways to Prevent SHS In Your Home: Having a designated smoking room will not protect others from SHS. In mulit-unit buildings the smoke can travel through
cracks in the walls and floors
though air ducts
elevator shafts
along crawl spaces
SHS can leech into other apartments that are even on separate floors. In the Car Rolling down the windows does not eliminate SHS inhalation Poisonous chemicals can build up very quickly in this small space Seal cracks and install door sweeps •Install special seals for electrical outlets •Install window fans to help reduce
smoke and increase ventilation. Have a designated outdoor smoking section! but the best thing to do is... If there are smokers in the building: Many chemicals in SHS can be passed from the pregnant woman to the fetus through the placenta CO in smoke can affect the baby's growth potentially leading to low birth weight If nicotine enters the mothers blood as a result of SHS it may decrease blood flow to the baby A mother Who is exposed to SHS puts her baby at risk for SIDS as well as other complications such as asthma, allergies, ear infections and other illnesses. Cleaning/filtering the air, increasing ventilation and non smoking rooms will not completely eliminate exposure to SHS. No smoking should be allowed in any enclosed spaces.
( Restaurants, homes, cars, public buildings) Pregnant women should try their best to remove themselves from all situations in which they may be exposed to SHS as there is NO safe level of second hand smoke exposure when pregnant Second Hand Smoke and Pregnancy SHS Effects On The Fetus Parents who smoke the chances that their children will develop asthma by 200 to 400 percent. The Facts Ventilation systems in many office buildings can actually have an opposite effect on environmental tobacco smoke and spread it into rooms where no one has been smoking 4 Million Canadian homes have children under the age of 12 that are frequently exposed to second hand smoke. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-003-x/2006007/article/smoking-fumer/img/chart7-en.gif Percentage of non-smokers regularly exposed to second-hand smoke There are approximately 4000 chemicals released into the air from one cigarette. Each year between 30,000-60,000 people in the US die from SHS related heart disease. About 3,000 deaths from lung disease in nonsmokers each year are caused by second hand smoke exposure. Research shows that it takes as little as 10 minutes for the smoke to start causing damage http://www.michellehenry.fr/smokingpassive2.jpg Second hand Smoke Kills http://www.want2stop.info/sites/default/files/images/passiveSmoking.jpg
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