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Year 8 History Ancient Rome Task

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Kelly Su

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of Year 8 History Ancient Rome Task

In the First Punic War, Rome emerged as the victor. The First Punic War lasted for around 25 years and was fought on land in Sicily and Africa but was mainly a naval war. It had first begun as a small conflict between Hiero II of Syracruse and the Mammertimes of Messina in Sicily. At first, the Carthaginians were losing in land-based engagements and had switched to naval battles were they had more power, but the Romans were able to expand their navy in a short amount of time and create new tactics by straying from their traditional tactics. By the end of the first war, both empires had been taxed heavily, but Carthage’s power had been significantly weakened.
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BCE to 146 BCE. These wars were fought as a result of Rome wanting to expand and protect their empire, thus encountering the growing empire of Carthage. After the end of the Macedonian Wars which had been fought simultaneously along with The Punic Wars, Rome had become one of the strongest cities and as ruling power in the Mediterranean. The word Punic comes from the Latin word meaning Carthaginian, Punicus.
The Punic Wars
The Punic Wars
In the First Punic War, Carthage had the advantage to a greater maritime army but Rome was able to defeat the Carthaginians by inventing the crovus which was an assault bridge used to reduce their advantage by allowing the Romans to board the Carthaginian ships and engage in battle. This method allowed Rome to conquer more battles, as they were more advanced in land-based combat. Eventually, Carthage signed a peace treaty in 241 BCE with the conditions that they would evacuate Sicily and pay a large compensation to Rome.
The Punic Wars
The Second Punic War (218 – 201 BC) began in 219 BC when Hannibal attacked Saguntum in Hispania, a city allied to Rome. This war is most famous for Hannibal leading an army through the Alps and successfully defeated the Roman army by entering from the north; however Italy ultimately defeated the Carthaginian army in the end.
The Punic Wars
The Third Punic War (149 – 146 BCE) ended with Rome victorious and Carthage completely destroyed. Carthage had originally had to repay a larger debt to the Romans after the Second Punic War, and after completing their payment, they had formed an army to prevent Numidia from raiding Carthage but lost with another bet to pay. Rome had then come into conflict with Carthage and the Third Punic War was declared. Carthage, by then had to hold off the Roman army on their own and was able to hold off the Roman army at first using only makeshift weapons but 3 years later, Carthage was burnt to the ground in 146 BCE.
The Punic Wars
Year 8 History Ancient Rome Task
Nero
Nero, born as Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, was a Roman Emperor. Nero’s mother, Agrippina had married his uncle after his father’s death, Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, and had convinced him that Nero should be his successor. And later on, marry his daughter, Octavia. Nero had taken the name Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus and had become the Emperor of Rome at the age of 17, in 54 CE, when Claudius had died.
Bibliography
Nero
Nero’s mother Agrippina was suspected to have had Claudius poisoned so that Nero could become the Emperor. During Nero’s time as the Emperor, Agrippina had tried to dominate and influence his decisions, eventually trying to control his private life too. When Nero had an affair with a slave, he had disobeyed his mother’s orders to send away the slave and had her as his wife along with Octavia.
Nero
His mother eventually supported Britannicus, who wasn’t considered an adult yet to be the Emperor, however, a day before Britannicus was to be an adult, he had died in 55 CE. It was assumed that Nero had poisoned him but Nero had claimed that he had died from a seizure, his mother however tried to gain more support against Nero and was later banished from the family palace. Nero had later ordered for his mother to be killed when he had fallen for a noblewoman who was married to a Roman aristocrat and his mother had strongly disagreed with the topic. A few years later, Nero had divorced and killed Octavia and married the noblewoman.
Nero
The Great Fire had begun in the south-eastern end of Circus Maximus and had lasted around 10 days, destroying most of the city during that time. Fires were common but many Romans had though that it was to make room to construct his villa. Nero however, had claimed that he will find out whoever it was that had caused the fire and didn’t waste any time in accusing the Christians, this had begun the persecution of Christians. Nero had tortured the Christians in many ways, with one of the famous ones being the Christian immersed in wax and being burned to serve as a form of entertainment and evening lights in the garden.
Websites:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punic_Wars, 24/7/14, Wikipedia
http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/punicwars/g/022411-Punic-Wars.htm, N.S. Gill's Ancient/Classical History Glossary, about education
http://www.thefinertimes.com/Ancient-Wars/summary-of-the-punic-wars.html, Peter Fitzgerald, The Finer Times
http://www.biography.com/people/nero-9421713#political-demise-and-death, 2014, The Biography.com website
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/christians.htm, 2000, Nero Persecutes The Christians 64 A,D, EyeWitness to History

Books:
A New History of the Roman Emperors, Roger Michael Kean, 2009, Thalamus Publishing, Australia
The Private Life of the Roman Emperors, Anthony Blonde, 1994, Quartet Books Limited, UK
A History of the Roman Republic, Klaus Bringmann, first published in German in 2002, translation published in 2007 and 2013, Polity Press
The Punic Wars 244 - 146 BC, Nigel Bagnall, 2002 Osprey Publishing, Great Britain
The Punic Wars, Adrian Goldsworthy, 2000, Cassell & Co, Great Britain, edition published in 2001
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